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532 Jan 13
532 Jan 14
The 2nd Hagia Sophia cathedral burned down in Constantinople during the Nika uprising, which failed leaving some 30-40,000 people dead. Justinian and his wife Theodora had attended festivities at the Hippodrome, a stadium for athletic competition. Team support escalated from insults to mob riots and in the end Constantinople lay in ruins. Justinian proceeded to rebuild the city with extensive commissions for religious art and architecture, including the new Hagia Sophia.
Links: Turkey, Byzantium     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1842 Jan 13
Dr. William Brydon, badly wounded, reached Jalalabad as the only survivor of a 16,000 person retreat from Kabul. In the 1st British-Afghan War British troops retreating from Kabul were ambushed and nearly all slaughtered at the Khyber Pass, even though the Afghans had promised them safe passage during their withdrawal from the Afghan capital. [see Jan 2-12]
Links: Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1846 Jan 13
President James Polk dispatched General Zachary Taylor and 4,000 troops to the Texas Border as war with Mexico loomed. At the outset of the Mexican-American War, the Mexican army numbered 32,000 and the American army consisted of 7,200 men. The American army had, since 1815, only fought against a few Indian tribes. Forty-two percent of the army was made up of recent German or Irish immigrants. In the course of the war, the total U.S. force employed reached 104,000. In 2008 Martin Dugard authored “The Training Ground: Grant, Lee, Sherman, and Davis in the Mexican War, 1846-1848.” In 2012 Amy S. Greenberg authored “A Wicked War: Polk, Clay, Lincoln and the 1846 US Invasion of Mexico.”
Links: USA, Mexico, Texas, PolkJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1873 Jan 13
William Pitt Kellogg (1830-1918), American politician and carpetbagger, began serving as the governor of Louisiana and continued to 1877. He was the state's last Republican governor until the inauguration of David C. Treen in 1980.
Links: USA, Louisiana     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1887 Jan 13
In San Francisco the schooner Parallel carrying some 40 tons of dynamite ran aground late today. Hours later it exploded near the Cliff House.
Links: USA, SF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1893 Jan 13
Britain's Independent Labour Party, a precursor to the current Labour Party, had its 1st meeting. Scottish socialist Keir Hardie (1856-1915) helped form the Independent Labour Party (ILP). In 1900 he helped form the union-based Labour Representation Committee, soon renamed the Labour Party, with which the ILP later merged.
Links: Britain, Labor, Scotland     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1895 Jan 13
J.R. Seeley (b.1834), English essayist and historian, died. His essay Ecce Homo, published anonymously in 1866, and afterwards acknowledged by him, was widely read, and prompted many replies, being deemed an attack on Christianity.
Links: Britain, Historian     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1898 Jan 13
Emile Zola's famous defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, "J'accuse," was published in Paris. The open letter to French President Felix Faure accused the French judiciary of giving into pressure from the military to perpetuate a cover-up in the Dreyfus treason case.
Links: France, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1900 Jan 13
To combat Czech nationalism, Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary decreed that German would be the language of the imperial army.
Links: Austria, Czechoslovakia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1906 Jan 13
The Golden Gate Hotel opened on Fremont Street in Las Vegas, Nev..
Links: Nevada     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1910 Jan 13
Andrew Jackson Davis (b.1826), American clairvoyant, died. While in a mesmeric (hypnotic) trance, could allegedly communicate with the spirit world and accurately diagnose medical disorders. In 1850, in his book the “Great Harmonia,” Davis talks about how man evolved from animals and that evolution also took place in plants and animals up to man.
Links: USA, God, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1912 Jan 13
In Siam (Thailand) resentful army officers attempted a coup against King Vajiravudh (Rama VI).
Links: Thailand     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1928 Jan 13
In New York the first television station appeared.
Links: USA, NYC, Technology, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1929 Jan 13
Frontiersman Wyatt Earp died in LA, Ca., after an illustrious life in the West. Cowboy stars William S. Hart and Tom Mix served as pallbearers. Born in Illinois in 1848, he served as a lawman in Wichita and Dodge City, Kansas, as well as Tombstone, Arizona Territory, where Wyatt and his brothers Morgan and Virgil were notorious for violent clashes with outlaws. Western historians have disagreed about the particulars of Wyatt Earp's life, but he is said to have been a freighter-teamster, railroad construction worker, policeman, prisoner, saloon keeper and horse farmer, and he was involved in several gunfights--for reasons that may or may not have been related to law enforcement. When Morgan was killed, Wyatt avenged his death by killing Frank Stilwell, an outlaw he had previously arrested. Wyatt Berry Stapp Earp died and was buried in Colma, Ca. In 2003 Lee A. Silva authored Wyatt Earp, A Biography of the Legend, Volume 1, the Cowtown Years.”
Links: USA, California, Biography     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1939 Jan 13
Five men attempted to escape the US federal prison on Alcatraz island. Kidnapper Arthur “Doc” Barker was killed by guards. He was one of the four sons of Ma Barker (b.1873), killed behind a machine gun by federal agents in Florida in 1935.
Links: USA, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1943 Jan 13
The Canadian corvette Ville de Quebec rammed the German U-224 submarine, which sank in the Mediterranean Sea with 57 of its crew. German Lt. Wolf Danckworth was the only survivor. Years later Danckworth established contact with Canadian sailor Frank Arsenault, who was on the Ville de Quebec when it rammed the sub, and the two became good friends.
Links: Canada, Germany, Ship, Submarine, WWII     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1956 Jan 13
Lyonel Feininger (b.1871), American-German painter, died. His work included the woodcut "Kreuzende Segelschiffe" (1919) and the pen and ink wash "Three Ghosts" (1953). A catalog of his prints was made by Leona Prasse (1897-1984), late curator of prints at the Cleveland Museum of Art. Feininger published comics for the Chicago Tribune from 1906-1907.
Links: Artist, USA, Germany, Cartoons     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1961 Jan 13
Prof. Ancel Keys of the Univ of Minnesota landed on the cover of Time Magazine for providing a solution to why middle-aged men were dropping dead from heart disease: eat less fat. This led the US government to its first set of dietary guidelines in 1980.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Food     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1963 Jan 13
Togo’s first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was killed by a military junta led by Gngassigbe Eyadema (29). Eyadama suspended the constitution and instituted direct military rule. Nicholas Grunitzky succeeded Olympio. Gnassingbe went on to become the country's military dictator, ruling for nearly four decades during which time he celebrated the day of Olympio's assassination as a national holiday.
Links: Togo, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965 Jan 13
The SF Warriors traded Wilt Chamberlain (1936-1999) to the Philadelphia 76ers for three players and $150,000 cash. The 76ers assumed Wilt’s $65,000 annual salary.
Links: USA, Pennsylvania, SF, Basketball     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1968 Jan 13
The U.S. reported shifting most air targets from North Vietnam to Laos.
Links: USA, Vietnam, Laos     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Jan 13
Hester & Appolinar's musical "Your Own Thing," premiered in NYC.
Links: USA, NYC, Theater     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Jan 13
In Bernardsville, N.J., Rabbit Wells (21) was shot a killed by a local patrolman. In 1998 William Loizeaux authored "The Shooting of Rabbit Wells: An American Tragedy."
Links: USA, New Jersey, Tragedy     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Jan 13
Salvador Novo (b.1904), gay Mexican writer, poet and official chronicler of Mexico City, died.
Links: Poet, Gays, Mexico, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jan 13
Argentina ousted a British envoy in dispute over the Falkland Islands War.
Links: Argentina, Britain, Falkland Islands     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1978 Jan 13
Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
Links: USA, Minnesota     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Jan 13
The United States offered Pakistan a two-year aid plan to counter the Soviet threat in Afghanistan.
Links: Russia, USA, Pakistan, USSR, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jan 13
An Air Florida 737 crashed into the capital's 14th Street Bridge after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
Links: USA, Air Crash, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1983 Jan 13
Carlo Rubbia of Harvard Univ. announced from a workshop in Rome the first evidence for the discovery of a vector boson.
Links: USA, Massachusetts, Physics     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Jan 13
Arizona inmate Robert Henry Moormann beat, stabbed and suffocated his adoptive mother, Roberta Moormann (74), who allegedly sexually abused him into adulthood. He was out of prison in Florence on furlough for another crime, the kidnapping and molesting of an 8-year-old girl in 1972. Robert Henry Moormann was executed in 2012.
Links: USA, Mayhem, Sex, Murder, Arizona     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1985 Jan 13
A train plunged into a ravine in eastern Ethiopia and killed at least 392 people.
Links: Ethiopia, Train Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jan 13
In Guatemala just before turning over power to Pres. Cerezo, Gen. Humberto Mejia Victores issued a blanket self-amnesty for acts committed during the 3-year rule of the military government.
Links: Guatemala     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jan 13
West German police arrested Mohammed Ali Hamadi at the Frankfurt airport, when customs officials discovered liquid explosives in his luggage. The Lebanese man was convicted and served a life sentence in Germany for the 1985 hijacking of a TWA jetliner and killing of a U.S. Navy diver. Although convicted and sentenced to life, Hamadi was paroled by Germany in December 2005.
Links: USA, Germany, Aviation, Lebanon, Hijacking     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jan 13
In Chico, Ca., Dr. William Chiapella (67) and his wife Katherine were beaten and stabbed to death in their home. In 1989 Steven Crittenden (21) was convicted of their murder and sentenced to death. In 2013 his conviction and sentence were tossed out because prosecutors had dismissed the only African American in the jury pool.
Links: USA, California, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jan 13
The US Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that public school officials had broad powers to censor school newspapers, school plays and other "school-sponsored expressive activities."
Links: USA, Journalism, Education, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1988 Jan 13
Lee Teng-hui (b.1923) became president of Taiwan, the first Taiwan-born head-of-state, following the death of President Chiang Ching-kuo. Lee Teng-hui authorized the establishment of the separatist Democratic Progressive party (DPP).
Links: Taiwan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jan 13
New York City subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths he said were about to rob him. Goetz was freed the following September.
Links: USA, NYC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jan 13
There was a sit-in at SF General Hosp. by ACT-UP to call attention to the difficulty of obtaining foscarnet, a drug to stabilize CMV retinitis, a common AIDS illness that could lead to blindness.
Links: USA, SF, AIDS     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Jan 13
L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia, the nation's first elected black governor, took the oath of office in Richmond.
Links: USA, Virginia, Black History     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Jan 13
UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar met with Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in a bid to avoid war in the Persian Gulf.
Links: Iraq, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1991 Jan 13
Soviet troops besieged the Vilnius TV tower and crushed a woman under a tank, but failed to quash the drive for independence. The assault claimed 14 lives. The Soviets occupied strong points in Vilnius, Lithuania, in an attempt to stop the independence movement.
Links: Russia, Lithuania, USSR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Jan 13
Forty-two people were killed in a brawl and stampede during a soccer match in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Links: South Africa, Soccer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 13
US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer in a pretrial hearing pleaded guilty but insane in fifteen of the seventeen murders he confessed to committing.
Links: USA, Murder, Mad Man     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 13
Israeli, Palestinian and Jordanian negotiators began talks in Washington on Palestinian autonomy.
Links: USA, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Jan 13
Japan apologized for forcing tens of thousands of Korean women to serve as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers during World War II.
Links: Japan, South Korea     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1993 Jan 13
American and allied warplanes raided southern Iraq.
Links: Iraq, USA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Jan 13
The space shuttle Endeavor blasted off from Cape Canaveral.
Links: USA, NASA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Jan 13
Marine Pvt. 1st Class Domingo Arroyo became the first U.S. serviceman to be killed in Somalia.
Links: USA, Somalia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Jan 13
Former East German leader Erich Honecker was freed from prison and allowed to leave for Chile.
Links: Chile, Germany, East Germany     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 13
President Clinton held talks in Moscow with Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
Links: Russia, USA, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994 Jan 13
In Los Angeles, the judge in the Erik Menendez murder case declared a mistrial after jurors could not reach a verdict.
Links: California, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 13
Authorities in Portland, Ore., arrested Shawn Eckardt, a bodyguard for figure skater Tonya Harding, and Derrick Smith in connection with the attack on Nancy Kerrigan.
Links: USA, Oregon, Skating     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 13
The Johnson Grove Baptist Church in Bells, Tenn., burned down as did the Macedonia Baptist Church in Denmark, Tenn. Arson was suspected and investigations by the FBI and ATF were later begun.
Links: USA, Tennessee, FBI, Fire     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 13
Italy named Treasury Minister Lamberto Dini its prime minister. He pledged to resign after approval of a deficit cutting budget.


Links: Italy     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Jan 13
Authorities in the Philippines said they had unearthed a conspiracy by militant Muslims to assassinate Pope John Paul II during his visit.
Links: Philippines, Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1996 Jan 13
President Clinton paid a front-line visit to American forces in Bosnia, praising the troops as "warriors for peace."
Links: Bosnia, USA, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 13
Nine Republican presidential hopefuls debated in Des Moines, Iowa, where front-runner Bob Dole and flat-tax champion Steve Forbes found themselves facing repeated, bristling criticism.
Links: USA, Iowa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 13
US Supreme Court justices aggressively questioned both sides in a battle over whether a sexual-harassment lawsuit should be allowed to proceed against President Clinton while he was in office. The following May, the justices ruled unanimously that it could.
Links: USA, ClintonB, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 13
Seven black soldiers received the Medal of Honor for World War II valor; the lone survivor, former Lt. Vernon Baker, received his medal from President Clinton at the White House.
Links: USA, Black History, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 13
An Afghan Russian-made cargo plane crashed in southwestern Pakistan with as many as 90 Taliban militia and all were killed.
Links: Pakistan, Air Crash, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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