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1617 Mar 21
Pocahontas (Rebecca Rolfe) was buried at the parish church of St. George in Gravesend, England. As Pocahontas and John Rolfe prepared to sail back to Virginia, she died reportedly of either small pox or pneumonia. In 2003 Paula Gunn Allen authored "Pocahontas "Medicine Woman, Spy, entrepreneur, Diplomat."
Links: USA, Virginia, AmerIndian     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1685 Mar 21
Composer Johann Sebastian Bach (d.1750) was born in Eisenach, Germany, the youngest of eight children. 2nd source says Mar 21. He composed cantatas, sonatas, preludes, fugues and chorale preludes, and whose works included "Brandenburg Concerto" and "Well-Tempered Clavier."
Links: Germany, Composer, Classical Music     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1790 Mar 21
Thomas Jefferson (46) reported to President Washington in New York as the new US Secretary of state.
Links: USA, NYC, WashingtonG, JeffersonT     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1801 Mar 21
The Kingdom of Etruria was created by the Treaty of Aranjuez. It was made up a large part of modern Tuscany and its name from Etruria, the old Roman name for the land of the Etruscans. The first king (Louis I) died young in 1803. His underage son Charles Louis succeeded him and continued to 1807 when Napoleon dissolved the kingdom and integrated it into France.
Links: Italy, France     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1826 Mar 21
Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1843 Mar 21
Robert W. Southey (b.1774), British poet laureate and historian, died. In 2006 W. A. Speck authored the biography “Robert Southey.”
Links: Britain, Poet, Historian, Biography     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1871 Mar 21
Otto von Bismarck became the 1st Chancellor of the German Empire.
Links: Germany, Prussia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1890 Mar 21
Austrian Jewish communities were defined by law.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1921 Mar 21
Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist, was born.
Links: Belgium     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1921 Mar 21
Lenin’s New Economic Policy (NEP) was promulgated by decree.
Links: Russia, USSR, Economics     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1927 Mar 21
Kuomintang Army conquered Shanghai as British marines fled.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1928 Mar 21
VU, France’s first illustrated magazine, was launched and continued to May 29, 1940 running over 600 issues. Hungarian-born photographer Andre Kertesz worked there until he left for NYC in 1936.
Links: France, Hungary, Photography, Magazine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1939 Mar 21
In Egypt King Farouk arrived at Tanis for the opening of the coffin of the 21st Dynasty King Psusennes I, recently discovered by French archeologist Pierre Montet. It turned out that this coffin actually belonged to Sheshonq II of the 22nd Dynasty.
Links: France, Egypt, Archeology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1945 Mar 21
A British bombing raid was made on Gestapo Headquarters in Denmark to thwart a planned German arrest of the leadership of the banned Freedom Council. A 2nd wave of bombers hit a school by mistake killing 86 students and 13 adults.
Links: Denmark     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1955 Mar 21
Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desired Cyprus joining Greece.
Links: Cyprus     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1955 Mar 21
Walter White (b.1893), African American leader, died. As executive secretary (1931-1955) he built the NAACP into America’s most influential civil rights organization. In 2008 Thomas Dyja authored “Walter White: The Dilemma of Black Identity in America.”
Links: USA, Black History, NAACP     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Mar 21
Capt. John Eaheart (32), a US Marine Corps Reserve pilot, crashed in his F9F Cougar fighter jet and disappeared into Flathead Lake, Wyoming, near the home of his fiancée’s parents. His remains were found in 2006.
Links: USA, Air Crash, Montana     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Mar 21
A police massacre in Sharpeville, South Africa, left 69 black protestors dead as people gathered to protest the pass books that the apartheid government required them to carry at all times. The ANC was outlawed.
Links: South Africa, Black History, Massacre     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Mar 21
California state officials dumped radioactive waste from civilian installations into the ocean about 50 miles off of San Francisco at a site that the Navy and other Atomic Energy contractors have been using since 1946. The waste was mixed with concrete, sealed in 55-gallon steel drums and dumped in about 7,500 feet of water.
Links: USA, California, Environment, Nuclear     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1963 Mar 21
Boxer Davey Moore was killed by Sugar Ramos in Dodger Stadium during a nationally televised boxing match. In 1964 Bob Dylan wrote his song “Who Killed Davey Moore?”
Links: NYC, TV, Boxing, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1963 Mar 21
The Alcatraz federal prison island in San Francisco Bay was emptied of its last 27 inmates at the order of Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.
Links: USA, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Mar 21
Israeli forces attacked a Palestinian base belonging to Fatah in the village of Al-Karameh in Jordan. Israeli forces engage in a battle with Palestinian fighters for the first time. On 24 March 1968, the Security Council adopted resolution 248 (1968), condemning the large scale and premeditated military actions by Israel against Jordan. The Karameh mission failed. Muki Betser, Israeli commando, was wounded. He later became commander of the Say-eret Matkal, Israel’s elite counter-terrorist unit.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Jordan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Mar 21
Marlen Haushofer (b.1920), Austrian writer died. Her 1962 novel “The Wall” was her only work translated into English.
Links: Austria, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Mar 21
Daniel Ellsberg obtained a copy of the Pentagon Papers, commissioned by then-Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, from his former pentagon colleagues and showed it to Neil Sheehan, a young New York Times reporter, at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Links: USA, Massachusetts, Journalism, Govm’t Scandal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Mar 21
Two US platoons in Vietnam refused their orders to advance.
Links: USA, Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1971 Mar 21
In Laos South Vietnamese Marines at FSB Delta, south of Route 9, came under intense ground and artillery attacks. During an attempted extraction of the force, seven helicopters were shot down and another 50 were damaged, ending the evacuation attempt.
Links: USA, Vietnam, Laos     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Mar 21
Sheik Mujibur Rahman (Mujeeb-ur Rehman), head of the Awami League, declared East Pakistan (later Bangladesh) independent of Pakistan. Pakistani Pres. Yahya Khan ordered the army in; several million East Bengali refugees fled to India. Rahman was the father of later PM Hasina Wajid.
Links: Bangladesh, Pakistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Mar 21
The US Supreme Court, in Dunn v. Blumstein, ruled that states may not require at least a year's residency for voting eligibility.
Links: USA, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Mar 21
Dean told Nixon: "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency."
Links: USA, Govm’t Scandal, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Mar 21
Ethiopia ended its monarchy after 3000 years. In May the monarchy was formally abolished, and Marxism-Leninism was proclaimed the ideology of the state.
Links: Ethiopia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1975 Mar 21
As North Vietnamese forces advanced, Hue and other northern towns in South Vietnam were evacuated.
Links: Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979 Mar 21
The Egyptian Parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel.
Links: Egypt, Israel     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Mar 21
President Carter announced to the U.S. Olympic Team that they would not participate in the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow as a boycott against Soviet intervention in Afghanistan.
Links: Russia, USA, Olympics, USSR, Afghan, CarterJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1983 Mar 21
The US signed the Strasbourg Treaty with European nations for the exchange of prisoners.
Links: USA, EU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Mar 21
A ground-breaking ceremony was held as part of NYC’s Central Park was named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon.
Links: USA, NYC, Beatles     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1984 Mar 21
A Soviet submarine crashed into the USS Kitty Hawk off the coast of Japan.
Links: Russia, USA, USSR, Submarine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Mar 21
Police in Langa (Uitenhage), South Africa, opened fire on blacks marching to mark the 25th anniversary of the Sharpeville shootings; the reported death toll varied between 29 and 43.
Links: South Africa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Mar 21
Michael Redgrave (b.1908), English actor, died. His films included Alfred Hitchcock's “The Lady Vanishes” (1938), “The Stars Look Down” (1939) and the film of Robert Ardrey's play “Thunder Rock” (1943).
Links: Britain, Filmstar, Theater     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Mar 21
Actor Robert Preston, best-known for his portrayal of conman Professor Harold Hill in the musical "The Music Man," died in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 68.
Links: USA, Filmstar, Theater     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Mar 21
Dean Paul Martin (Dino, b.1951), the son of singer Dean Martin, died when his National Guard F-4 Phantom fighter jet crashed in a mountainous area of California, killing him and his RIO (Radar Intercept Officer), Ramon Ortiz. From then on the father became somewhat of a recluse until his own death in 1995.
Links: USA, Filmstar, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1989 Mar 21
Randall Dale Adams, whose conviction for killing a police officer was overturned after the documentary "The Thin Blue Line" challenged evidence, was released from a Texas prison.
Links: USA, Texas, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Mar 21
Secretary of State James Baker met black nationalist leader Nelson Mandela in Namibia.
Links: USA, South Africa, Namibia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Mar 21
Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev increased pressure on the breakaway republic of Lithuania, ordering its citizens to turn in their guns.
Links: Russia, Lithuania, USSR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Mar 21
Elkins, West Virginia, reported a record national low of minus 16 degrees.
Links: USA, West Virginia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Mar 21
Test results released in Los Angeles showed that Rodney King, the motorist whose beating by police was videotaped by a bystander, had marijuana and alcohol in his system following his arrest. President Bush denounced King’s beating as "sickening" and "outrageous."
Links: USA, California, BushHW     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1991 Mar 21
Two US Navy anti-submarine planes collided about 60 miles southwest of San Diego and 27 were lost at sea.
Links: USA, Air Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Mar 21
A UN Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq.
Links: Iraq, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Mar 21
During a debate in Buffalo, N.Y., Democratic presidential front-runner Bill Clinton sought to turn the tables on rival Jerry Brown by accusing the former California governor of hypocrisy on the issue of campaign contributions.
Links: USA, California, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Mar 21
President Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl met at Camp David, Md.
Links: USA, Germany, Maryland, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1993 Mar 21
Pope John Paul II declared Duns Scotus a saint.
Links: Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1993 Mar 21
Voters in France handed the Socialist government a devastating defeat in first-round parliamentary elections.
Links: France     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Mar 21
"Schindler's List" won best picture at the 66th Academy Awards; Holly Hunter was named best actress for "The Piano" while Tom Hanks was named best actor for "Philadelphia."
Links: Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Mar 21
Actor Macdonald Carey died in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 81.
Links: California, Filmstar     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Mar 21
Lili Damita (b.1904), French-born actress and first wife of Errol Flynn (Bridge of San Luis Rey), died.
Links: USA, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Mar 21
Bolivia’s Congress approved a new capitalization program.
Links: Bolivia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Mar 21
Thousands of Japanese police raided the offices of a secretive religious group, Aum Shinri Kyo, in connection with nerve-gas attacks on Tokyo subways that killed 12 people and sickened thousands. In ensuing weeks they found tons of chemicals used to make sarin nerve gas and evidence of biological weapons research.
Links: Japan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Mar 21
In El Salvador a case against narcotics traffickers was dropped when the judge learned that the evidence, 46 lbs. of cocaine, had disappeared from police headquarters.
Links: El Salvador     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Mar 21
The US decided to proceed with plans to deliver weapons to the Islamabad government in Pakistan. $368 mil has already been paid for a naval Orion aircraft and two types of missiles.
Links: USA, Pakistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Mar 21
General Motors and the United Auto Workers reached a settlement in a 17-day brake-factory strike that idled more than 177,000 employees and brought the world's top automaker to a near standstill.
Links: USA, Cars     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Mar 21
In Israel a suicide bomber killed himself and 3 Israeli women in Tel Aviv.
Links: Israel, Suicide     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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