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1205 Jun 19
Pope Innocent III fired Adolf I as archbishop of Cologne.
Links: Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1754 Jun 19
The Albany Congress opened. New York colonial Gov. George Clinton called for the meeting to discuss better relations with Indian tribes and common defensive measures against the French. The attendees included Indians and representatives from Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. Benjamin Franklin attended and presented his Plan of Union, which was adopted by the conference. The meeting ended on July 11.
Links: USA, New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Hampshire, Connecticut, AmerIndian, Rhode Island     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1867 Jun 19
Mexican Emperor and Austrian Archduke Maximillian (35) was executed on the orders of Benito Juarez by a firing squad in Queretaro. The event was immortalized in a painting by Manet.
Links: Austria, Mexico     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1884 Jun 19
Juan Bautista Alberdi (b.1810), Argentine politician, writer, died in Paris. His writings inspired Argentina’s 1853 constitution.
Links: Argentina, France, Writer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1897 Jun 19
Charles Cunningham Boycott (b.Mar 12, 1832) English land agent in Ireland, died in England. He was a faulty estate manager whose tenants "boycotted" him into poverty; when the crops failed and the farmers went broke, he unsympathetically gave them the choice of paying immediately or being evicted. The farmers retaliated and his staff quit. His family was isolated. This tactic gave us the word whose last name became part of the English language.
Links: Britain, Ireland     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1902 Jun 19
Guy Lombardo (d.11/5/1977) Canadian bandleader was born in London, Ontario. He played the sweetest music this side of heaven with his Royal Canadians and sold over 100 million records.
Links: Canada     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1922 Jun 19
Aage Nills Bohr, physicist, study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975), was born in Denmark.
Links: Denmark     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1926 Jun 19
The opera “King Roger,” composed by Polish composer Karol Szymanowski (1882-1937), premiered in Warsaw.
Links: Poland, Opera     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1932 Jun 19
Hailstones killed 200 in Hunan Province, China PR.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1934 Jun 19
The US National Archives and Records Administration was established under Pres. Franklin Roosevelt.
Links: USA, RooseveltF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1936 Jun 19
Max Schmeling of Germany knocked out Joe Louis in their first fight in NYC.
Links: USA, Germany, Boxing     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1938 Jun 19
In Montana 47 people were killed when a railroad bridge in Montana collapsed, sending a train known as the "Olympian Flyer" hurtling into Custer Creek. A cloudburst caused the bridge to collapse sending a locomotive and 7 passenger cars into the creek.
Links: USA, Train Crash, Tragedy, Montana     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1942 Jun 19
In Czechoslovakia PM Alois Elias, sentenced to death in October 1941 for high treason and espionage, was executed. In 2006 his ashes were buried with state honors.
Links: Germany, Czechoslovakia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1945 Jun 19
Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar poet, Nobel peace laureate (1991), was born. In 1998 Barbara Victor published “The Lady, Aung San Suu Kyi, Nobel Laureate and Burma’s Prisoner.”
Links: Burma, Myanmar, Poet, Nobel Prize     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1946 Jun 19
The first title match in boxing to be televised takes place in New York City, as Joe Louis defeated Billy Conn for the heavyweight championship. Three NBC TV stations carried the fight.
Links: USA, NYC, Boxing     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1948 Jun 19
The first successfully produced microgroove 33 1/3 rpm, long-playing, records were unveiled by Dr. Peter Goldmark of Columbia Records. Plans to phase out 78's followed. Unlike the average record which held 8 minutes of music, this new record could hold 45 minutes.
Links: USA, Technology, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1953 Jun 19
Julius (b.5/12/1918) and Ethel Rosenberg (b.9/28/1915), convicted of passing U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II, were executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. The Supreme Court had vacated a stay granted by Justice William O. Douglas and President Eisenhower refused to intervene, despite a massive worldwide campaign to free them. In 1983 Ronald Radosh and Joyce Milton authored “The Rosenberg File.” In 2001 Sam Roberts authored “The Brother,” an account of David Greenglass, the younger brother of Ethel Rosenberg and star witness against her and Julius. In 2008 Morton Sobell (91), a former Soviet spy who had spent nearly 20 years in Alcatraz, fingered Julius Rosenberg as a fellow Soviet spy, but not Ethel.
Links: Russia, USA, New York, USSR, Espionage     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958 Jun 19
Entrepreneurs Richard Knerr and Arthur Melin sought a trademark for a plastic cylinder based on a similar toy in Australia. Wham-O began selling the Hula Hoop following a demonstration of a rattan hoop imported from Australia. After one year teenagers in the US purchased some 100 million hoops at a suggested retail price of $1.98.
Links: Australia, USA, Toys, Fad     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964 Jun 19
In SF publicist Davey Rosenberg (1937-1986) persuaded waitress Carol Doda (b.1937) to don a Rudi Gernreich topless bathing suit at the Condor Club. She soon had her size-34 breast injected with silicon, and her bust came to be known as Doda's "twin-44s" and "the new Twin Peaks of SF." Her fame prompted the club to erect a neon sign with blinking nipples that lasted to 1991.
Links: USA, , SF, Sex, Fashion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965 Jun 19
Col. Houari Boumedienne (1932-1978) overthrew Pres. Ahmed Ben Bella, Algeria's first civilian president. Abdelaziz Bouteflika was Boumedienne's right-hand man.
Links: Algeria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1965 Jun 19
Air Marshall Nguyen Cao Ky became South Vietnam's youngest premier at age 34.
Links: Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966 Jun 19
French archeologist Pierre Montet (b.1885), renowned for his excavations at Tanis, Egypt, died. In 1958 he published an account of his discoveries titled “La Necropole Royale de Tanis.”
Links: France, Egypt, Archeology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Jun 19
Some 50,000 marched on Washington, DC, to support the Poor People's Cam-paign. Rev. Jesse Jackson preached “I Am Somebody” at Resurrection City, a tent city set up in front of the White House. In 1971 he turned the speech into a poem for Sesame Street.
Links: USA, Black History, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Jun 19
In SF newlywed Officer Peter McElligott was fatally shot in a shootout with 2 robbery suspects in Golden Gate Park. The 2 attackers were later convicted of murder.
Links: USA, SF, Murder, Robbery     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Jun 19
"The Tim Conway Show", TV Comedy, last aired on CBS after 13 episodes.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1970 Jun 19
In SF police officer Richard Radetich (25) was shot 3 times by a gunman as wrote a ticket in a parked patrol car. Radetich died 15 hours later leaving behind a wife and 8-month-old daughter.
Links: USA, SF, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Jun 19
Edward Heath (1916-2005) began serving as Britain’s prime minister and continued to 1974. Derek George Rayner (d.1998 at 72), later Lord Rayner, soon joined the government to centralize defense procurement for PM Edward Heath. Margaret Thatcher served as his education secretary.
Links: Britain     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Jun 19
A. Nikolayev and V. Sevastyanov returned after 18 days in Russia’s Soyuz 9.
Links: Russia, USSR, Space     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jun 19
The song "Rainy Days And Mondays" by the Carpenters peaked at #2 on the pop singles chart.
Links: USA, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Jun 19
R.C., "It's Too Late" by Carole King peaked at #1 on the pop singles chart and stayed there for five weeks.
Links: USA, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Jun 19
Ronald L. Ziegler, the president's Press Secretary, characterized the break-in that had occurred two days earlier at the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate, "a third-rate burglary." Links between the burglars and White House consultant E. Howard Hunt and the Committee to Reelect the President soon surfaced, leading to the Watergate scandals that resulted in the resignation of President Nixon on August 9, 1974.
Links: USA, DC, Govm’t Scandal, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Jun 19
Two days after the botched Watergate break-in, FBI official W. Mark Felt secretly assured Bob Woodward that The Washington Post could safely make a connection between the burglars and a former CIA agent linked to the White House, E. Howard Hunt. Woodward’s secret source for information became known as Deep Throat, and Felt’s name was not made public until 2005. In 2006 Mark Felt and John O’Connor authored “A G-Man’s Life: The FBI, Being “Deep Throat,” and the Struggle for Honor in Washington.”
Links: USA, DC, Govm’t Scandal, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Jun 19
The US Supreme Court voted 5-3 to confirm lower court rulings in the Curt Flood case, which upheld baseball's exemption from antitrust laws.
Links: USA, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Jun 19
Pres. Nixon met with Russia’s leader Leonid Brezhnev at the White House.
Links: Russia, USA, USSR, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Jun 19
The US Congress passed the Case-Church Amendment which forbade any further US military involvement in Southeast Asia, effective August 15, 1973. The veto-proof vote was 278-124 in the House and 64-26 in the Senate. The Amendment paved the way for North Vietnam to wage yet another invasion of the South, this time without fear of US bombing.
Links: USA, Vietnam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1973 Jun 19
The stage production of "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" opened in London.
Links: Britain, Theater     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Jun 19
Pres. Nixon returned from a 9-day visit to the Middle-East, where he met with leaders of Egypt, Syria, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
Links: USA, Egypt, Israel, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jun 19
Sam Giancana (b.1908), Italian-American mob boss, was murdered at his home in Oak Park, Ill. He had a romance with Phillis McGuire, of the McGuire Sisters vocal group, and was credited with assisting John F. Kennedy in efforts to win the presidential election. A movie was made in 1995 that depicts the Giancana-McGuire romance.
Links: USA, Chicago, Murder, Mafia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jun 19
Bette Midler's concert at the Cleveland Music Hall became HBO's premiere "Standing Room Only" presentation.
Links: USA, TV, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jun 19
The US Viking 1 went into Martian orbit after a 10-month flight from earth.
Links: USA, NASA, Mars     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1977 Jun 19
Pope Paul VI proclaimed a 19th-century Philadelphia bishop, John Neumann, the first male US saint.
Links: USA, Vatican, Pennsylvania     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978 Jun 19
America's favorite lasagna-loving cat, Garfield, created by Jim Davis, first appeared in newspapers as a comic strip.
Links: USA, Cartoons     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978 Jun 19
"Best Little Whorehouse..." opened at 46th St NYC for 1584 performances.
Links: USA, NYC, Theater     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979 Jun 19
In Mali presidential and general elections were held. Moussa Traore was elected President and Mady Sangare was elected as Speaker of the National Assembly.
Links: Mali     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Jun 19
Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter was certified.
Links: USA, Aviation     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1981 Jun 19
European Space Agency's Ariane carried two satellites into orbit.
Links: EU, Space     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jun 19
Asia's first album topped the album charts.
Links: USA, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jun 19
In a case that galvanized Asian-Americans, Vincent Chin (27), a Chinese-American engineering student, was beaten to death outside a nightclub in Highland Park, Mich., by autoworker Ronald Ebens. Two unemployed auto workers mistook Chin for being Japanese. Each one was sentenced to 3 years probation.
Links: USA, Michigan, Sociology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Jun 19
The first live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline).
Links: USA, TV, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Jun 19
In El Salvador 4 off-duty US Marines and 9 others were killed at sidewalk restaurants in the Zona Rosa section of San Salvador. Pedro Antonio Andrade Martinez (aka Mario Gonzalez), a Marxist guerrilla, was one of the reputed masterminds of the massacre. Andrade later became an informant for the CIA and sought US asylum. Andrade was deported from the US in 1997.
Links: El Salvador, USA, CIA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1986 Jun 19
Artificial heart recipient Murray P. Haydon (59) died in Louisville, Ky., after 16 months on the man-made pump.
Links: USA, Medical, Kentucky, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jun 19
University of Maryland basketball star Len Bias, the first draft pick of the Boston Celtics, suffered a fatal cocaine-induced seizure.
Links: USA, Maryland, Drugs, Basketball     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jun 19
Argentina beat West Germany 3-2 in soccer's 13th World Cup in Mexico.
Links: Argentina, Germany, Soccer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jun 19
The U.S. Supreme Court in Edwards vs. Aguilard (7-2) struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to also teach creationism science as well.
Links: USA, Louisiana     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jun 19
In Spain a bombing killed 21 people and injured 45. In 2003 two top members of the outlawed Basque separatist group ETA were sentenced to 790 years in prison. The Hipercor bombing was a car bomb attack by the Basque separatist organisation ETA at the Hipercor shopping centre on Avinguda Meridiana, Barcelona, Spain.
Links: Spain, Basques, ETA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1987 Jun 19
The US Supreme Court in Edwards vs. Aguilard (7-2) struck down a Louisiana law requiring any public school teaching the theory of evolution to also teach creationism science as well.
Links: USA, Louisiana, Evolution, Education, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Jun 19
Vermont’s Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia.
Links: USA, Food     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jun 19
Leaders of the world's seven wealthiest industrial democracies opened a three-day economic summit in Toronto.
Links: Canada, G7     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jun 19
Michael Jackson led a rock concert in West Berlin.
Links: USA, Germany, Pop&Rock     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Jun 19
Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose sued baseball, arguing that Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti should be prevented from hearing allegations that Rose had gambled on baseball games.
Links: USA, Ohio, Baseball     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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