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1549 Sep 13
Pope Paul III closed the first session of the Council of Bologna.
Links: Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1592 Sep 13
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (b.1533), French philosopher (L'Amiti), died of quinsy, a recognized complication of tonsillitis, at the Château de Montaigne.
Links: France, Philosopher     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1743 Sep 13
England, Austria & Savoye-Sardinia signed the Treaty of Worms.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1759 Sep 13
During the final French and Indian War, the Battle of Quebec [Canada] was fought. British Gen. James Wolfe’s army defeated Commander Louis Joseph de Montcalm’s French forces on the Plains of Abraham overlooking Quebec City. An English fleet of 20 ships led by General James Wolfe landed 3,600 English troops near Quebec in the early hours of the day. The fleet was sent up the St. Lawrence River to take the region from the French. "Measured by the numbers engaged," wrote historian Francis Parkman, the Battle of Quebec "was but a heavy skirmish; measured by results, it was one of the great battles of the world." On this rainy morning the armies of England and France clashed outside the walls of Quebec City and altered the balance of power of an entire continent. The battle on the Plains of Abraham lasted less than half an hour. As French forces withered and an English victory became apparent, Wolfe was shot in the chest, his third wound of the battle. He said to a distraught soldier just before he died, "Do not weep, my dear. In a few minutes I shall be happy." By the time the rain had washed away the blood, Quebec had surrendered to the British. Four years later, the Treaty of Paris gave England sole dominion over most of the land that Quebec City had governed, from Cape Breton Island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Mississippi River.
Links: Canada     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1835 Sep 13
Ladd & Co. began the 1st sugar cane plantation in Hawaii.
Links: Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1847 Sep 13
US General Winfield Scott took Chapultepec, removing the last obstacle to his troops moving on Mexico City. Six teenage military cadets later became known as “Los Ninos Heroes” for their defense of Chapultepec Castle.
Links: USA, Mexico     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1848 Sep 13
Dr. John Martyn Harlow treated Phinneas Gage in Vermont for a head injury from a tamping iron that had pierced the man’s skull during a blasting accident. Gage survived until 1860, but with definite personality changes that Dr. Harlow tracked.
Links: USA, Medical, Vermont, Brain     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1874 Sep 13
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg (d.1951), 12-tone composer, was born in Vienna, Austria.
Links: Austria     More  Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1882 Sep 13
British troops defeated Egyptian forces in the Battle at Tel-el-Kebir.
Links: Egypt     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1890 Sep 13
Cecil Rhodes' colonies hoisted the Union Jack in Mashonaland and Salisbury, Rhodesia (Zimbabwe).
Links: Zimbabwe     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1899 Sep 13
The first reported fatal car accident in the US was in Ohio when Henry H. Bliss, a "real estate dealer" was hit by an electric taxi as he exited a trolley on West 74th Street and Central Park West.
Links: USA, Ohio, Cars     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1909 Sep 13
Herbert Berghof, actor (Belarus File), was born in Vienna, Austria.
Links: Austria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1915 Sep 13
In San Francisco bank robber Charles Nelson was killed at his lodging on the corner of Oak and Buchanan after holding off some 100 police officers overnight.
Links: USA, SF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1916 Sep 13
Roald Dahl (d.1990), son of Norwegian immigrants, was born in Llandaff, Wales. He is best known for his children’s books such as "James and the Giant Peach."
Links: Wales     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1922 Sep 13
A major fire began to ravage Smyrna, Greece, shortly following occupation by Turkish troops under Mustafa Kemal. The fire lasted 4 days.
Links: Turkey, Greece, Fire     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1930 Sep 13
Gasoline in SF was raised a penny to 21 cents a gallon.
Links: Oil, SF     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1940 Sep 13
Italian troops under Marshal Graziani attacked Egypt.
Links: Egypt     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1943 Sep 13
Chiang Kai-shek became president of China.
Links: China     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1943 Sep 13
The Scottish-built S.S. Terra Nova sank off the Greenland after being damaged by ice. It had gained fame by taking the explorer Robert Scott and a crew to the Antarctic in 1910 in an effort to become the first to reach the South Pole. Her crew were saved by a United States Coast Guard cutter Southwind. Wreckage of the ship was discovered in 2012.
Links: Ship, Greenland     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1944 Sep 13
Heath Robinson (b.1872), English cartoonist, died. He is best known for drawings of eccentric machines and "Heath Robinson" has entered the language as a description of any unnecessarily complex and implausible contraption.
Links: Britain, Cartoons     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1949 Sep 13
Theodor Heuss (1884-1963) began serving as the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany following WWII and continued to 1959.
Links: Germany     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1951 Sep 13
American Lt. Alvin Earl Crane was shot down while on a reconnaissance flight over North Korea. His remains were returned by North Korea in 1990, but positive identification by DNA only took place in 2005.
Links: USA, Vietnam, DNA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1951 Sep 13
Arthur Szyk (b.1894), Poland-born American-Jewish artist, died of a heart attack in Connecticut after being Investigated by the House Un-American Activities Committee for being an assumed member of a Communist front organization. In 2017 a collection of his work was acquired by the Magnes Collection Jewish Art and Life at UC Berkeley. The acquisition was made possible by a donation from the Taube Philanthropies.
Links: Artist, USA, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1956 Sep 13
IBM introduced the Model 305 computer capable of storing 20 megabytes of data. Reynold B. Johnson (d.1998 at 92), IBM lab leader, developed a way to store computer data on a metal disk instead of on tape or drum. The first commercial disk drive, called RAMAC (random access method of accounting and control), was developed by IBM and sold for $50,000. It used 50 disk platters, each 2-feet in diameter. Together they held 5 megabytes of data. His Random Access Method of Accounting Control began the disk drive industry.
Links: USA, Computer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Sep 13
VP Richard Nixon campaigned in San Francisco and 40,000 came to Union Square as he promised to keep the US military as the strongest in the world.
Links: USA, SF, NixonR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1961 Sep 13
Battles took place between UN and Katanga troops in Congo.
Links: CongoDRC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1962 Sep 13
Pres. John F. Kennedy signed a bill into law creating the Point Reyes National Seashore. Boyd Stewart, a Marin, Ca., cattleman, helped create the Point Reyes National Seashore on 70,000 acres of grassland.
Links: USA, California, KennedyJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964 Sep 13
The 3rd sitting of 2nd Vatican council opened in Rome.
Links: Vatican     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965 Sep 13
Ben Gazzara (1930-2012) starred for two seasons, 1965 to 1968, on the NBC prime-time drama "Run for Your Life." He played a wealthy, successful lawyer, Paul Bryan, who quits his practice after learning he has a terminal illness and then embarks on a globe-trotting quest for adventure before he dies.
Links: USA, Filmstar, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Sep 13
Albania officially withdrew from the Warsaw Pact. Albania had condemned the August Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia.
Links: Albania, Russia, Czechoslovakia, USSR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1969 Sep 13
John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, presented the Plastic Ono Band in concert for the first time at the Toronto Peace Festival (Lennon's first in four years). The 1st hit by the new group, "Give Peace a Chance", made it to number 14 on the charts.
Links: Canada, Pop&Rock, Beatles     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Sep 13
The supersonic airliner Concorde landed for the 1st time at Heathrow airport.
Links: Britain, France, Aviation     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Sep 13
State troopers and prison guards stormed Attica Correctional Facility in New York. The four-day inmates' rebellion over poor living conditions claimed 43 lives, including 11 guards and 32 prisoners. Inmate Frank Smith (d.2004) was beaten tortured and abused by guards. In 1997 a federal jury awarded him $4 million. Another 1,280 inmates sought $2.8 billion in damages against the state. In 2000 a federal court described the guards' reaction as an "orgy of brutality" and ordered the state to pay $8 million to inmates who were tortured after the uprising.
Links: USA, New York, Mad Crowd     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Sep 13
Lin Biao (b.1907) died in a plane crash in Mongolia as he was trying to flee to the Soviet Union after the unsuccessful plot to assassinate Mao. He was once designated as Mao's "closest comrade in arms" and hand-picked to be the chairman's successor.
Links: China, Air Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Sep 13
Israel shot down 12 Syrian aircraft to1 Israeli loss when IAF jets were attacked during a reconnaissance mission over Syrian territory.
Links: Israel, Syria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1974 Sep 13
The "Rockford Files," starring James Garner and Jos Santos (1931-2016), was first broadcast on NBC-TV. It continued to 1980.

Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Sep 13
In the Netherlands the French embassy at the Hague was taken over by Haruo Wako and 2 other Japanese Red Army militants. A 4-day standoff ended with the release of comrade Yutaka Suyaka from a French jail. The attack was linked to Carlos the Jackal, aka Ilich Ramirez Sanchez. In 2005 a Tokyo District Court sentenced Wako to life imprisonment.
Links: France, Japan, Netherlands     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Sep 13
Shiko Munakata (b.1903), renowned Japanese artist and printmaker, died in Tokyo from liver cancer.
Links: Artist, Japan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Sep 13
The United States announced it would veto Vietnam's UN bid.
Links: USA, Vietnam, UN     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Sep 13
General Motors introduced 1st US diesel auto, the Oldsmobile 88.
Links: USA, Michigan, Cars     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1977 Sep 13
Kilauea volcano began erupting in Hawaii.
Links: USA, Volcano, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Sep 13
Leopold Stokowski (b.1882), conductor, died in Hampshire, England. He was the founder of the New York City Symphony and The American Symphony Orchestra. He conducted the music for and appeared in Disney’s Fantasia.
Links: Britain, USA, NYC, Cartoons, Classical Music     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978 Sep 13
The US Navy's F-18 Hornet makes its public debut during rollout ceremonies in St. Louis, Mo.
Links: USA, Aviation     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Sep 13
In the 33rd Emmy Awards winners included Taxi, Hill St Blue, Judd Hirsh & Isabel Sanford.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Sep 13
William Loeb (b.1905), publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, died at 75.
Links: USA, New Hampshire, Journalism     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1982 Sep 13
In Sweden Marcus Wallenberg Jr. (b.1899), former tennis champion and banker, died.
Links: Sweden, Tennis     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Sep 13
Simon Peres formed an Israeli government with Likud. A national unity government (Likud and Labor) was formed.
Links: Israel     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Sep 13
In Texas Jonathan Nobles stabbed to death Mitzi Johnson-Nalley (21) and Kelly Farquhar (24). Nobles was high on drugs at the time and during imprisonment offered to donate his organs, but the Texas system did not allow organs from death row inmates to be harvested. He was executed Oct 7, 1998.
Links: USA, Murder, Texas     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Sep 13
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze arrived in Washington for talks aimed at a possible superpower summit; Shevardnadze carried with him a letter from Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to President Reagan.
Links: Russia, USA, USSR, ReaganR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Sep 13
As Hurricane Gilbert made its way toward Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, forecasters reported the barometric pressure of Gilbert's center measured a low of 26.13 inches, making it the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Western Hemisphere.
Links: Mexico, WeatherUS, Hurricane     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1989 Sep 13
Fay Vincent was named commissioner of Major League Baseball, succeeding the late A. Bartlett Giamatti.
Links: USA, Baseball     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989 Sep 13
Desmond Tutu led the biggest anti-apartheid protest march in S. Africa.
Links: South Africa     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Sep 13
NBC’s cop-courtroom drama "Law & Order" premiered on NBC.
Links: USA, TV     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Sep 13
The Senate Judiciary Committee opened its first day of confirmation hearings for Supreme Court nominee David H. Souter, who firmly refused to discuss his views on abortion.
Links: USA, Supreme Court     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Sep 13
The UN Security Council at its 2939th meeting adopted Resolution 666, regarding foodstuffs to be supplied to the civilian population in Iraq or Kuwait in order to relieve human suffering.
Links: UN, Kuwait     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1991 Sep 13
A 55 ton concrete beam fell in Montreal's Olympic Stadium.
Links: Canada     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Sep 13
President Bush, who had suffered an irregular heartbeat because of a thyroid condition, was pronounced in "incredible physical condition" after a checkup by his doctors.
Links: USA, BushHW     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Sep 13
Virginia Gov. L. Douglas Wilder declared his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Links: USA, Virginia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Sep 13
Stefan Edberg defeated Pete Sampras to win the U.S. Open title in New York, a day after Monica Seles beat Arantxa Sanchez Vicario to win her seventh Grand Slam title.
Links: USA, Tennis     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Sep 13
Lou Jacobs, US clown (1966 US postage stamp), died.
Links: USA, Postage     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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