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999
Turkish dynasties became the rulers of Transoxania, and area that covered much of what later became Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.
Links: Uzbekistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1000
Turkic-speaking people wrote in Runic, the official script.
Links: Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Mar 31
In Tajikistan the first pouring of aluminum took place at the new state-run aluminum smelting plant at Tursunzadeh. By 2013 TALCO produced hundreds of millions of dollars in profits that were routed to a shell company in the British Virgin Islands".
Links: Tajikistan, Govmít. Scandal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979 Mar
Ismail Khan, a Persian speaking Sunni Tajik and Major in Afghan army, led a mutiny/insurrection against the Taraki regime's Sawr (or April) Revolution (Taraki's inspired Afghan societal liberalization and land reform). Khan's revolt resulted in the slaughter of Soviet Afghan advisors and their families. This insurrection was met by a brutal Afghan and Soviet response that killed an estimated 24,000 Heratis in a single week and destroyed much of the famous Central Asian crossroad city.
Links: Russia, Tajikistan, USSR, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Dec 13
Five Central Asian republics of the Soviet Union (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) agreed to join the new Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) being organized by Russian President Boris Yeltsin.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Tajikistan, USSR, Turkmenistan, CIS     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1991 Dec 21
Eleven of the 12 former Soviet republics proclaimed the birth of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the death of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Links: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Belarus, Russia, Ukraine, Tajikistan, USSR, Turkmenistan, Moldova, CIS     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991
Tajikistan gained independence from the Soviet Union.
Links: Russia, Tajikistan, USSR     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992 Mar
Uzbek Pres. Karimov banned Adolat. Authorities arrested hundreds and closed down mosques and religious schools. Namangani and Yuldash fled to Tajikistan; both later ended up in Afghanistan. Jumaboi Khojiyev, former Soviet soldier, fled the country. Tahir Yuldash fled the country as Uzbek authorities sought to arrest him. In 1996 they founded the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) operating out of Afghanistan.
Links: Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1992
Civil war and fighting between Tajikistanís Russian-backed government and rebels began. It lasted to 1997.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994
Emomali Rakhmonov was elected president of Tajikistan.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1996 Apr 26
The Shanghai Five grouping was created with the signing of the Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions in Shanghai. Boris Yeltsin and the presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan visited Shanghai and signed a treaty with Pres. Jiang Zemin at the Jin Jiang Hotel that demarcated their borders with China.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, China, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jul 10
In Tajikistan 50,000 people have died since fighting broke out in 1992.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Dec 4
In Tajikistan government troops repulsed an attack by Islamic rebels. Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov was to meet with the Muslim opposition. Russia had 25,000 troops guarding the 900-mile border with Afghanistan where the rebels had bases.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Dec 20
In Tajikistan lieutenants of Rizvan "Rambo" Sadirov kidnapped 23 people including 8 UN observers. They demanded that a safe corridor be created for the return of Sadirov and his fighters from Afghanistan.
Links: UN, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 May 18
In Tajikistan Rakhmonovís neo-Communist government agreed to legalize major Islamist opposition parties. Pres. Rakhmonov signed with opposition leader Sayid Abdullo Nuri.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1997 Jun 27
A Tajikistan formal peace accord was signed in Moscow that was brokered by Russia and Iran. A power sharing arrangement was foreseen between Pres. Emomali Rakhmanov and opposition leader Said Abdullo. Up to 150,000 people were killed in the 5-year civil war.
Links: Russia, Tajikistan, Iran     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Aug 18
In Tajikistan government forces killed 50 mutinous troops in a battle over a bridge on the Vakhsh River.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Nov 18
In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France, a UN worker for the High Commissioner for refugees, was kidnapped along with Franck Janier-Dubry in Dushanbe.
Links: France, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Nov 30
In Tajikistan Karine Mane of France and 5 of her suspected abductors were killed by a grenade during a confrontation with government forces trying to free her. A companion had been released hours earlier. Faction leader Rezvon Sadirov was accused of the kidnapping, staged to seek freedom for his brother, Bakhrom, who was awaiting trial on kidnapping charges.
Links: France, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 2
Tajikistan forces killed Rizvon Sadirov, leader of the group that kidnapped Karine Mane, and a number of his associates.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Dec 15
In the UAR a Russian Tu-154 charter flight from Tajikistan crashed 9 miles from Sharjah and 85 people were killed.
Links: UAR, Tajikistan, Air Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997
The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program was initiated. The 8-member group included Azerbaijan, Afghan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Links: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, China, Tajikistan, Mongolia, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997
The population of Tajikistan was about 5.7 million.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Mar 25
In Tajikistan Islamic rebels killed over 60 government troops and held another 60 hostage after a 2-day battle near the capital.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 May 2
In Tajikistan government troops withdrew from around the capital after 4 days of fighting Islamist opposition forces. An agreement for a peaceful settlement was reached.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1998 May 30
An estimated 6.9 earthquake hit northern Afghanistan and Tajikistan. Shari Basurkh was hit hardest and some estimates put the death toll up to 3,000. The estimated deaths later reached 5,000.
Links: Tajikistan, Earthquake, Disaster, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jul 20
In Tajikistan 4 UN employees were killed while on routine patrol.
Links: UN, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Aug 11
Tajikistan appealed to other former Soviet states for help in securing its borders as the Taliban consolidated its hold in Afghanistan.
Links: Tajikistan, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Nov 10
From Tajikistan it was reported that over 200 people died in 5 days of fighting with rebels and the government claimed that the rebels were driven from the Aini district north of Dushanbe.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Nov 30
Britain along with Lesotho, Burkino Faso, the Ivory Coast and Tajikistan signed a global treaty for an Intíl. Criminal Court to try war crimes. The accord was approved in July at conference in Rome and 61 countries had signed on. The court required 60 countries to pass legislation for ratification.
Links: Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Britain, Lesotho, Tajikistan, ICC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1999 Aug 23
Militants from Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan taking hostages and claiming control of several villages. Some 1,000 religious fighters took a swath of land and 13 hostages that included a Kyrgyz general and 4 Japanese geologists.
Links: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Nov 6
In Tajikistan secular Pres. Emomali Rakhmonov a faced Muslim challenger.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Feb 2
In Tajikistan at least 5 people were killed and 22 wounded when a city bus exploded outside Dushanbe. A natural gas canister or home made bomb was blamed.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Aug
The IMU attempted fresh incursions into Uzbekistan from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
Links: Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jun 14
A forum in China inducted Uzbekistan as the 6th member of a regional group (the Shanghai Five) that included China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. The 5-year-old group hoped to counterbalance US influence and fight Islamic separatism.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
2001 Jun 15
In Tajikistan gunmen kidnapped 15 people from an aid organization in Darvaz. 4 were released a day later.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jun 15
The Shanghai Five member nations (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia), having admitted Uzbekistan, signed the Declaration of Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jul 13
It was reported that record droughts persisted in Afghanistan northern China, North Korea, Mongolia and Tajikistan.
Links: China, North Korea, Tajikistan, Mongolia, Afghan, Drought     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Sep 24
Kazakstan offered air and military bases to the US for attacks on Afghanistan. Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were said to be negotiating use of their territory by the US.
Links: Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, USA, Tajikistan, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Nov 4
The US reached a tentative agreement with Tajikistan for military cooperation in exchange for tens of millions of dollars.
Links: USA, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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2002 Aug 7
In eastern Tajikistan a dam holding water in a lake in the Pamir Mountains broke and flooded a village and killing 20 people.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Dec 22
Afghanistan's 6 neighbors (Iran, Pakistan, China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) agreed to halt meddling and signed a non-intervention agreement in Kabul.
Links: Uzbekistan, China, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Jun 22
Tajiks voted on changes to their constitution that would allow President Emomali Rakhmonov to potentially stay in power for another 17 years. An overwhelming majority of voters approved the constitutional change.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Sep 23
China signed agreements with Russia and four Central Asian neighbors (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan) in an effort to strengthen a 7-year-old security alliance and encourage economic links across a largely undeveloped region.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003
The average wage in Tajikistan was $10 a month for those able to find work.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2004 Feb
Khursheda Sultonov (8), the daughter of an ethnic Tajik, was stabbed to death in St. Petersburg, Russia, as her father was beaten by youths shouting ethnic slurs. In March, 2006, a jury convicted 8 youths of hooliganism but cleared the single suspect charged with killing his daughter on the charge of bias murder.
Links: Russia, Tajikistan, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Aug 28
The foreign ministers of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan approved Russian membership to their economic block at talks in Astana, the Kazakh capital.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Feb 27
Tajikistan voters cast their ballots in parliamentary elections. President Emomali Rakhmonov's National Democratic party won the election overwhelmingly with nearly 75 percent of the vote. The opposition earned only two of 63 seats in Parliament. The EU said "significant breaches" were reported during the vote, including proxy voting, obstruction of election observers and irregularities in vote counting.
Links: EU, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Feb 28
In Tajikistan opposition parties alleged systematic vote-rigging and other breaches during weekend parliamentary elections in the former Soviet republic.
Links: Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Jun 24
Russia, whose last border guard left the Tajik-Afghan border last week, said Afghanistan's heroin output was growing at breakneck speed and presented a threat to the world community.
Links: Russia, Tajikistan, Drugs, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2005 Jul 5
An alliance of Russia, China and central Asian nations called for the US and coalition members in Afghanistan to set a date for withdrawing from member states, reflecting growing unease over America's regional military presence. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization includes China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Tajikistan, Afghan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 3
The UN ambassadors of Britain, France and the US sent a letter emphasizing their continued opposition to a proposal to create a nuclear-weapons free zone in Central Asia. The letter, sent to the UN ambassadors of the five Central Asian nations, says that a draft treaty to create the zone still does not address their biggest concerns and that further discussions are needed. It calls for consultations "very soon." The five nations agreed to the draft text for a Central Asian nuclear-free zone in February. Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan had originally put forward a proposal for a nuclear-weapon free zone in 1997, but divisions both internal and external over the text have stalled progress. Moscow claims that a 1992 treaty that Russia signed with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan could allow missiles to be deployed in the region.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, Britain, USA, France, UN, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 9
In Tajikistan a grenade killed a woman (25) on a street in Dushanbe. It was placed in her handbag by a former boyfriend.
Links: Tajikistan, Murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jan 8
In Tajikistan a fire swept through a home for mentally disabled children in the capital of Dushanbe, killing 13 children before firefighters arrived.
Links: Tajikistan, Tragedy, Fire     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 May 8
A senior American diplomat pledged US support to impoverished Tajikistan in improving security and expanding economic opportunities and political plurality.
Links: USA, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
2006 May 12
Gunmen attacked border posts on both sides of the frontier between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, killing five people and injuring two.
Links: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jun 15
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a Russian and Chinese-led bloc of Asian states, said it plans to set up an expert group to boost computer security and help guard against threats to their regimes from the Internet. SCO members (China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) are mostly authoritarian states that maintain tight controls on communications technology, including the Internet.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia, China, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jun 23
The leaders of EurAsEC countries convened in Minsk, Belarus, for the 16th session of the Interstate Council of Eurasian Economic Community. The Summit was attended by the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko, President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Russia Vladimir Putin, President of Kyrgyzstan Kurmanbek Bakiyeva and the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rakhmonov.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Russia, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Sep 9
Five central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan) signed a nuclear-free zone treaty, but it did not cancel out a 1992 agreement to allow Russia to transport and deploy nuclear weapons there under certain circumstances.
Links: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Nuclear     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Sep 25
The United States donated patrol boats and electronic equipment to help Tajikistan guard its borders and stem the flow of heroin from neighboring Afghanistan.
Links: USA, Tajikistan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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