Home
Subject list

Palestine

Next     Prev
Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ...

8000 BC
Tel Sultan, an archaeological dig, indicated that Jericho was first settled about this time.
Links: Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
7000 BC
Stone masks, dating to about this time, were later discovered in the Judean desert and hills near Jerusalem. In 2014 eleven stone masks were put on exhibit and offered a rare glimpse at some of civilization's first communal rituals.
Links: Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1800 BC
About this time Abraham buried his wife, Sarah, in a cave in Hebron. The area later became known to the Jews as the Tomb of the Patriarchs and to Muslims as the Ibrahimi Mosque.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1700 BC
Canaanites, before the Hebrew conquest, built a massive wall about this time when Jerusalem was a small, fortified enclave. Archeologists first discovered the 26-foot-high wall in 1909 and later believed it to have been part of a protected passage built from a hilltop fortress to a nearby spring that was the city's only water source and vulnerable to marauders.
Links: Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1600 BC
A gate in a curved wall in Shekhem city was built by skilled engineers around this time. The king of Shekhem, Labaya, is mentioned in the cuneiform tablets of the Pharaonic archive found at Tel al-Amarna in Egypt, which are dated to the 14th century BC. The king had rebelled against Egyptian domination, and soldiers were dispatched north to subdue him, but failed. Romans later abandoned the original site and built a new city to the west, calling it Flavius Neapolis. The Greek name Neapolis, or "new city," later became enshrined in Arabic as Nablus. A German team began excavating at the site in 1913.
Links: Palestine, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
We offer additional services to help you as well including tax attorney help with tax relief issues, auto accident attorney services, and sustainable development information to research going green!
1200 BC
The Philistines arrived by sea from the area of modern-day Greece about this time. They went on to rule major ports at Ashkelon and Ashdod, now cities in Israel, and at Gaza, now part of the Palestinian territory known as the Gaza Strip.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Greece, HistoryBC, Philistines     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1100 BC
In 2010 Israeli archeologists found a trove of gold jewelry in a jug near Megiddo dating to about this time. The jewelry was said to have belonged to a Canaanite family.
Links: Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1020 BC
980 BC
Radiocarbon dating on burnt olive pits found in the ancient city of Khirbet Qeiyafa, 19 miles (30km) southwest of Jerusalem, indicate it existed between during this period, before being violently destroyed. In 2012 archaeologists reported the discovery of shrines from the fortified city, providing the earliest evidence of a Biblical cult.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Religion, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1004 BC
David became the king of Israel. He ruled from Hebron before moving his capital to Jerusalem. He began to build a centralized government based in Jerusalem and implemented forced labor, a census and a mechanism for collecting taxes. In 2000 Jonathan Kirsch authored "King David: The Real Life of the Man Who ruled Israel." According to the Bible the census under David was followed by a plague that left some 70,000 Israelites dead.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Taxes, HistoryBC, Census     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1000 BC
A clay tablet, described as an Akkadian-language letter, dating to about this time was placed on display in 2011 in Jerusalem. The letter was from the Canaanite King Abdi-Heba to the king of Egypt. It was found in excavations of a site from the First Temple period.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Akkad, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
International Red Cross
Make a donation
830 BC
The Philistine city of Gath was razed. It appears to have been the work of the Aramean king Hazael, an incident mentioned in the Book of Kings.
Links: Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC, Philistines     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
721 BC
About this time as the northern Israelite kingdom failed, Hebron remained the capital of the southern Israelite kingdom of Judah.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
604 BC
Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invaded and put the Philistines' cities to the sword. There is no remnant of them after that.
Links: Babylon, Israel, Palestine, HistoryBC, Philistines     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
30 Apr 30
Jesus of Nazareth was crucified [see 33AD]. Christ died on hill of Golgotha, Jerusalem. His path along the Via Dolorosa was later disputed as to whether he was tried by Pontius Pilate at the palace of Herod or at the Roman fortress of Antonia. His death was at an abandoned quarry, the site of today’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre. In 1998 Robert Funk and the Jesus Seminar published "The Acts of Jesus: The Search for the Authentic Deeds of Jesus." The group had published an earlier work "The Five Gospels," in which the sayings of Jesus were examined. In 1999 Thomas Cahill authored "Desire of the Everlasting Hills," a book about Jesus and his effect on the world. In 2010 Paul Johnson authored “Jesus: A Biography From a Believer.” Also in 2010 Philip Pullman authored “The Good Man Jesus and the Scoundrel Christ,” in which he proposes that Jesus and Christ were twin brothers.
Links: Romans, Israel, Palestine, Biography, Bible     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
33 Apr 3
Christ was crucified (according to astronomers Humphreys and Waddington). The date is highly debated. See April 30, 30AD.
Links: Romans, Israel, Palestine, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
70
Josephus recorded that Vespasian and his son Titus plundered 50 tons of gold and silver during the 70AD Roman conquest of Jerusalem.
Links: Romans, Israel, Palestine, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
135
Roman Emperor Hadrian sent 12 divisions under Julius Severus to quell the Jewish rebellion led by Simon Bar Kokhba, who was killed at Bethar. An estimated 600,000 Jews were killed. Hadrian ordered Jerusalem plowed under and Aelia Capitolina was built on the site. He barred Jews from returning and survivors dispersed across the empire. Judea was renamed Syria-Palestina.
Links: Italy, Romans, Palestine, Syria, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
326
330
The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem was built by the Roman emperor Constantine. The church was rebuilt under Justinian (527-565).
Links: Byzantium, Romans, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
335
Byzantine Emperor Constantine built the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem on the hill of Golgotha, where his mother claimed to have found the remains of the True Cross. It was raised by the Persians in 614, reconstructed and again destroyed by Caliph Hakim of Egypt in 1009. It was rebuilt by the Crusaders.
Links: Byzantium, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
560
Emperor Justinian about this time returned the treasure of Jerusalem, plundered by the Romans in 70AD, to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
Links: Byzantium, Israel, Palestine, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
A text-based site.
614
Christian Palestine was invaded by the Persians. The 5th century monastery of St. Theodosius east of Beit Sahour near Bethlehem was destroyed by the Persians. The Jews of Jerusalem allied with the Persians during the invasion and entered into the cave beneath the tomb of Christ in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Links: Palestine, Persia, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
628 Apr 3
In Persia, Kavadh sued for peace with the Byzantines. He handed back Armenia, Byzantine Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
Links: Armenia, Byzantium, Egypt, Palestine, Persia, Syria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
632
661
The Rashidun Caliphate, also known as the Rightly Guided Caliphate, comprising the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death. At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia in the east. It was the one of the largest empires in history up until that time.
Links: Azerbaijan, Qatar, UAR, Armenia, Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, Cyprus, Libya, Iran, Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Sudan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Afghan, Tunisia, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
636 Jul 23
Arabs gained control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire.
Links: Byzantium, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
638
Arabs conquered the city of Hebron. They allowed the Jews to build a synagogue near Abraham’s burial site.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
We offer additional services to help you as well including tax attorney help with tax relief issues, auto accident attorney services, and sustainable development information to research going green!
691
Muslims built the Dome of the Rock mosque in Jerusalem. It contained inscriptions that later were held as the 1st evidence of the Koran.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Architect, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
700
900
The Hadith, the main guide for Muslims in interpreting the Koran, were evaluated and gathered into large collections mostly during the reign of Umar ibn AbdulAziz during the 8th and 9th centuries.
Links: Azerbaijan, Qatar, UAR, Armenia, Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, Cyprus, Libya, Iran, Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Sudan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Afghan, Tunisia, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
749 Dec 4
John of Damascus (b.~676), a Christian Arab theologian, died at the Mar Saba monastery near Jerusalem. He is considered "the last of the Fathers" of the Eastern Orthodox church and is best known for his strong defense of icons.
Links: Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1009
In Jerusalem the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was burned by Muslims under Caliph Hakim of Egypt.
Links: Byzantium, Egypt, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1149
In Jerusalem the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, rebuilt by the Crusaders, was consecrated.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Crusades     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
International Red Cross
Make a donation
1174 Jul 11
Amalric I, king of Jerusalem, died.
Links: Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1174 Jul 15
Baldwin (13), son of Amalric I, was crowned Baldwin IV, king of Jerusalem.
Links: Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1177 Aug 2
Philip of Flanders arrived in Acre. A Christian army under the joint command of Philip of Flanders and Raymond of Tripoli marched west to campaign against the Muslims around Tripoli.
Links: Libya, Palestine, Flanders     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1177 Nov 18
Saladin marched north from Egypt with 26,000 light cavalry intent on capturing the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Links: Egypt, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1177 Nov 25
Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and his armored knights encountered the Muslim army of Saladin below the castle of Montgisard and defeated them in a surprise attack.
Links: Egypt, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1180
The Kingdom of Jerusalem under Baldwin IV reached a truce with Egypt under Saladin.
Links: Egypt, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1185 Mar
Baldwin IV (23), king of Jerusalem, succombed to his leprosy.
Links: Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1187 Oct 2
Sultan Saladin captured Jerusalem from Crusaders.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1244 Jul 11
The Khwarezmian Turks attacked Jerusalem. By August 23 they completely razed it and left it in ruins useless to both Christians and Muslims.
Links: Iran, Israel, Palestine, Crusades     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1244 Aug 23
Khwarezmian Turks expelled the crusaders under Frederick II from Jerusalem. Jerusalem’s citadel, the Tower of David, surrendered. The Turks ruthlessly decimated the population, leaving only 2,000 people, Christians and Muslims, still living in the city. This attack triggered the Europeans to respond with the Seventh Crusade.
Links: Iran, Israel, Palestine, Crusades     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
A text-based site.
1291 May 18
Sultan of Egypt and his son took the last Christian stronghold of Acre. Egyptian Mamelukes (Mamluks) occupied Akko (Acre). The crusaders were driven out of Palestine. Khalil, al-Ashraf Salah ad-Din, the Mamluk King, conquered Akko and put an end to the Crusader’s rule in the Holy Land.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Crusades     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1291 May 18
Acre, the last major stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, fell to the hands of Al-Ashraf Khalil and his forces from Egypt and Syria after a siege of 43 days. It had been in the hands of the Franks for 100 years. Egyptian Mamelukes (Mamluks) occupied Akko (Acre). The crusaders were driven out of Palestine. Khalil, al-Ashraf Salah ad-Din, the Mamluk King, conquered Akko and put an end to the Crusader’s rule in the Holy Land.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1750
Acre, a former stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, was re-built by the Ottoman Turks around this time, effectively preserving the earlier town, which had been destroyed in 1291 and hidden for centuries under rubble.
Links: Turkey, Egypt, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1757
The Greek Orthodox clergy wrested control of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Ottoman rulers declared a status quo for the holy sties of the city and control of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher was split primarily among the Latin, Greek and Armenian patriarchates of Jerusalem and secondarily among the churches of Egypt, Syria and Ethiopia. This arrangement was formalized in 1852.
Links: Armenia, Turkey, Ethiopia, Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Greece, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1799 May 20
Napoleon Bonaparte ordered a withdrawal from his siege of St. Jean d'Acre in Egypt. Plague had run through his besieging French forces, forcing a retreat. Napoleon, in pursuance of his scheme for raising a Syrian rebellion against Turkish domination, appeared before Acre, but after a siege of two months (March–May) was repulsed by the Turks.
Links: Turkey, France, Egypt, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
We offer additional services to help you as well including tax attorney help with tax relief issues, auto accident attorney services, and sustainable development information to research going green!
1847
George Bush, a professor of Hebrew at New York Univ., authored “The Valley of Vision,” in which he called on the US government to militarily wrench Palestine from the Turks and return it to the Jews.
Links: Israel, Palestine, New York, Writer, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1856
A Turkish imperial edict lifted a ban on Christian bell-ringing in Jerusalem, whnich at this time was part of the Ottoman empire. The British were given the honor of erecting the city’s first outdoor bell since the crusades.
Links: Turkey, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1867
Mark Twain was commissioned to report on the voyage of the steamship Quaker City, which sailed for the Middle East. In 1869 he authored “The Innocents Abroad,” an account of his observations.
Links: USA, Israel, Palestine, Writer, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1880
Jordan, Lebanon and Palestine were part of Syria under Ottoman rule.
Links: Turkey, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1880
Palestinian nun Sister Maria Alfonsina Danil Ghattas (1843) and Father Joseph Tannous co-founded the Sisters of the Most Holy Rosary of Jerusalem. In 2009 she was beatified, an important step toward sainthood.
Links: Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
International Red Cross
Make a donation
1882
In Russia the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society was founded to support Russian pilgrimages to the Holy Land.
Links: Russia, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1888
In Jerusalem the Mary Magdalene convent was consecrated. Its decoration was overseen by Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna, consort to Russia’s Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, the brother of Tsar Alexander III.
Links: Russia, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1890
In Jerusalem a small tract known as Sergei's Courtyard, named for Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, a son of Czar Alexander III, was built. It became part of the larger Russian Compound, most of which Israel purchased in 1964, when Israel paid $3.5 million in oranges because it lacked hard currency. In 2008 Israel approved handing back Sergei's Courtyard to Russia. The actual transfer took place in 2011.
Links: Russia, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1909
In Palestine mostly Russian socialist idealists of the Zionist movement set up an armed group, Hashomer, to protect their new farms and villages from Arab marauders.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1913
In 2007 Amy Dockser Marcus authored “Jerusalem 1913, The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” in which she asserted that choices were made in this year that led to the current stand.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1920 Apr 20
Balfour Declaration was recognized following a conference in San Remo, Italy. It was agreed that a mandate to Britain should be formally given by the League of Nations over an area, which in 2010 comprised Israel, Jordan and the Golan Heights, to be called the "Mandate of Palestine". The Balfour Declaration was to apply to the whole of the mandated territory. The doctrine was named after British Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour, who had first articulated it as a policy on 2 November 1917.
Links: Italy, Britain, UN, Israel, Palestine, Jordan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1921
The Cairo Conference, called by Winston Churchill, convened to establish a unified British policy in the Middle East. Britain and France carved up Arabia and created Jordan under Emir Abdullah; his brother Faisal became King of Iraq. France was given influence over Syria and Jewish immigration was allowed into Palestine. Faisal I died one year after independence and his son, Ghazi I succeeded him. Colonial Sec. Winston Churchill wanted to keep an air corridor to Iraq, where the Royal Air Force was dropping poison gas on rebellious Arab tribes.
Links: Iraq, Britain, France, Egypt, Palestine, Jordan     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1921
The British contrived the election of Haj Amin al-Husseini (1895-1974) as the Mufti of Jerusalem. In 2008 David G. Dalin and John F. Rothman authored “Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam.”
Links: Britain, Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1928
Ariel Sharon (d.2014), Israeli defense minister 1981-1984, was born as Ariel Scheinermann in Kfar Mallal, a part of British-ruled Palestine.
Links: Israel, Palestine     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1929 Aug 24
In the Hebron massacre 65–68 Jews are killed by Arabs and the remaining Jews are forced to leave Hebron.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Jews     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
A text-based site.

Next     Prev
Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ...



Go to top