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2200 BC
In what is now Bahrain settlements and temples of the city state of Dilmun, known as the city of the gods in ancient Sumerian literature, were found by Danish archaeologists in the 1950s. A culture contemporary with the city state of Dilmun (now Bahrain) was found in 1959 on the island of Umm-an-Nar off of Abu Dhabi.
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355 BC
323 BC
The use of coins in Bahrain can be traced back to the days of Alexander the Great according to a history published by the Bahrain Monetary Agency.
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1932 May 31
Socal, formerly Standard Oil of California, discovered oil in Bahrain. This was the 1st middle eastern oil discovered by an American firm.
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1939
The first Catholic church in the Gulf was opened in Bahrain's capital, Manama.
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1943
Two American oil firms decided to expand their refinery in Bahrain and hired Bechtel. Capacity was doubled to 65,000 barrels per day.
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1961
Sheik Isa ibn Salman Khalifa became emir upon the death of his father, Sulman.
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1970
Iran dropped its territorial claims on Bahrain.
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1971 Aug 15
Bahrain proclaimed independence after 110 years of British rule. December 16, 1971, is the date of independence from British protection.
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1971 Dec 16
Bahrain, which had declared independence on Aug 15, won independence from British protection.
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1973 Oct 16
OPEC, the Arab oil-producing nations, announced they would begin cutting back on oil exports to Western nations and Japan. The next day, the five Arab members of the OPEC committee were joined in Kuwait by the oil ministers of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, and Syria. The result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974 and caused oil prices to quadruple. During the OPEC oil embargo oil prices were increased fourfold. Japan experienced its first oil crises with the Middle East war. The US experienced a gasoline shortage.
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1973
A new constitution established a Bahrain national assembly.
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1975
The Bahrain national assembly was dissolved.
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1977 Nov 21
The 1st commercial flight of the Anglo-French Concorde jet was from London to Bahrain.
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1978 May
The Bahrain Telephone Company began operating a commercial cellular telephone system. It probably marks the first time in the world that individuals started using what we think of as traditional, mobile cellular radio.
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1981 May 25
Sheik Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (1918-2004), United Arab Emirates President, urged in 5 other Arab monarchies (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia) to form the Gulf Cooperation Council. The unified economic agreement between the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council was signed on 11 November 1981 in Riyadh.
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1984
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, UAR) agreed on the creation of a two-brigade (10,000 troops) Peninsula Shield Force, based in Saudi Arabia near the Kuwaiti and Iraqi borders.
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1985
Gulf Air, a joint venture between Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Oman and Qatar, decided to cut back its services to Dubai. This prompted Dubai to launch its own airline. The Emirates Airline began in the UAR with 2 rented planes and a $10 million investment from Dubaiís ruling family under the direction of Maurice Flanagan. In 2005 the state-owned operation planned to double its 73-plane fleet.
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1993
Maurizio Gucci sold his remaining stake in Gucci to Investcorp, a Bahraini firm.
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1994 Dec 17
In Bahrain Hani al-Wasti (25) and Hani Khamees (26) were the first of more than 40 people killed in the political upheaval among the Shiites.
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1995
The Bahrain parliament was dissolved by the ruling al-Khalifa family.
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1995
Bahrain stored 18 US jets.
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1995
Bahrain became the headquarters for the U.S. Navy's 5th Fleet.
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1996 Jan
Bahrainís ruling al-Khalifa family, followers of the Sunni branch of Islam, put down new protests by dissidents of the Shiite branch.
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1996 Jan
Bahrain Opposition leaders claim that 2,000 people were arrested by government authorities after protesting for the restoration of the parliament.
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1996 Feb
A Bahrain luxury hotel was bombed and 4 people were injured. An Islamic group claimed responsibility.
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1996 Mar 27
A dissident was executed in Bahrain for murdering a police officer. It was the first execution in 20 years and set off street battles and arrests.
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1996 Jun 3
The Bahrain government said that 29 militants confessed last month to be trained by Iran to topple the ruling Al Khalifa family and install a Shiite Muslim government.
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1996 Jun 3
The government of Bahrain said that 29 militants confessed last month to be trained by Iran to topple the ruling Al Khalifa family and install a Shiite Muslim government.
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1996 Jun 10
Iran offered to mediate between Bahrain and its Shiite opposition and denied any involvement in the recent plot to topple the government.
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1996 Aug 22
In Bahrain new environmental anti-pollution laws went into effect.
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1996 Sep 15
Defense Secretary William Perry was making the rounds among American allies in the Persian Gulf region, seeking additional support for the U.S. stance against Iraq. Bahrain agreed to play host to 26 American F-16 jet fighters.
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1998 Jun 13
It was reported that the Old World Screwworm had broken out in Iraq, Kuwait and Bahrain. 19 people were reported infected by the disease in which carnivorous larvae hatch from eggs laid in broken skin.
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1999 Mar 6
The emir of Bahrain, Sheik Issa bin Salman Al Khalifa (65), a key Western ally who had ruled for nearly four decades, died shortly after a meeting with Defense Secretary William Cohen. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Crown Prince Hamed ibn Issa Khalifa (49). King Hamed al-Khalifa soon ended a 25-year-long state of emergency.
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1999 Jul 7
In Bahrain the top dissident, Sheik Abdul-Ameer al-Jamri, was sentenced to 10 years in prison and fined $15 million after he was convicted of spying and inciting unrest. He was freed the next day with an amnesty.
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1999 Jul 17
The body of Canadian singer Fatima Kama (28) was found when a member of the public spotted a black suitcase abandoned on the third floor of a Heathrow Airport parking lot. Youssef Ahmed Wahid, a former Kuwait Airways steward, was arrested within days of the discovery at his hometown of Ramadiyeh in southern Lebanon. He reportedly denied having anything to do with the killing, and was eventually released and then went on the run. In 2010 authorities in Bahrain arrested Wahid as a suspect in the case. On Oct 3, 2011, Wahid was sentenced to at least 24 years in prison.
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1999
Fall, Princess Meriam Al Khalifia (19) of Bahrain eloped with US Marine Pfc. Jason Johnson (25). Johnson smuggled her into the US. In 2000 she faced deportation by the US State Dept.
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2000 Aug 23
In Bahrain a Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashed on approach to Manama and all 143 people aboard were killed including 36 children.
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2000 Dec 24
From Bahrain it was reported that the emir, Sheikh Hamad, would allow a vote on a new national charter that would make the country a constitutional monarchy.
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2000 Dec 31
Six Persian Gulf nations (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) signed a regional defense pact.
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2000
Bahrainís Sheikh Hamad emptied the jails of political dissidents, abolished draconian security laws, promised to hold free municipal elections in 2002 and elections for a new parliament in 2003.
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2001 Sep 23
The 6-member Persian ďGulf Cooperation CouncilĒ met in Jidda and pledged support for an intíl. coalition against terrorism.
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2001 Sep 23
The 6-member Persian "Gulf Cooperation Council" (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAR) met in Jidda and pledged support for an intíl. coalition against terrorism.
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2002 Feb 14
In Bahrain Sheikh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa declared himself king and approved plans for a constitutional monarchy. Parliamentary elections were scheduled for October and municipal elections in May. Women were to be allowed to vote and stand as candidates for the 1st time. Foreigners would be allowed to vote under certain conditions.
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2002 May 9
Voters cast ballots in elections for 50 municipal seats. Bahraini women were allowed to vote and run for office for the 1st time, though none were elected.
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2002 May 9
In Bahrain voters cast ballots in elections for 50 municipal seats. Bahraini women were allowed to vote and run for office for the 1st time, though none were elected.
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2002 Sep 14
In Lackawanna, New York, 5 men of Yemeni descent were charged with supporting foreign terrorist organizations. They reportedly were schooled in the tools of terror, including the use of suicide as a weapon, in camps run by Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network. A 6th member of the cell was arrested in Bahrain.
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2002 Oct 24
Bahrain held its first legislative elections in nearly 30 years. Results showed a mix of secularist and Islamic candidates winning seats, with two women securing places in run-off polls. The Shia opposition boycotted the election and this led to a heavily Sunni-dominated parliament.
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2002 Nov 1
In Bahrain Islamic and secular candidates won run-off votes for seats in the parliament, according to final results. 2 women lost in run-off races.
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2002 Dec 14
Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, king of Bahrain, inaugurated the first parliament in nearly 30 years.
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2002 Dec 14
Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, the king of Bahrain, inaugurated the first parliament in nearly 30 years.
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2002
The Bahrain constitution decreed by Sheik Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa kept half the legislatureís seats for his appointees and hobbled its power to initiate laws or question officials.
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2002
A Singapore company, Events HQ Intíl., set up a summer festival in Bahrain that featured a Russian Buran space shuttle.
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2003 Mar 2
The United Arab Emirates won support from Kuwait and Bahrain in its call for Saddam Hussein to quit power to avert a war.
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2003 Oct 2
In Bahrain assailants hurled gasoline bombs at a busload of police officers, wounding five of them.
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2004 Jul 5
US military families planned to leave Bahrain in the next few days following reports terrorists were planning attacks here.
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2004 Aug 23
Electricity went out across Bahrain, snarling rush hour traffic and leaving residents without air conditioning as temperatures climbed toward 130 Fahrenheit.
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2004
Bahrainís population was about 675,000. 70% were Shia under a Sunni royal family.
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2005 May 6
In Bahrain about 5,000 citizens jammed a main road in the capital, waving red and white Bahraini flags in the 2nd rally for constitutional reforms in a month.
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2005 Jul 5
At least 100 suspected insurgents, including foreigners, were arrested in a new military operation by US and Iraqi security forces. Insurgents mounted attacks against Arab and Muslim diplomats in Iraq, wounding Bahrain's top envoy in a kidnapping attempt. Pakistan's ambassador also escaped an assault on his convoy.
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2005 Nov 5
Three Bahraini men returned home after being released from the US military detention facility at Guantanamo Bay. Bahraini authorities vowed to keep pressing Washington to free three remaining detainees.
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