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1868
Louisa May Alcott (d.1888) authored "Little Women," while living in Concord, Mass. In 1998 "Little Women" premiered in Houston as an opera by Mark Adomo.
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1868
Mark Twain authored “Innocents Abroad” in San Francisco after returning from a trip to Europe.
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1869 Mar 11
Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian prince, senator, scientist writer and critic, died. A collection of his short stories was translated to English in 2012.
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1869 Nov 22
Andre Gide (d.1951), French novelist and critic (Lafcadio's Adventures- Nobel 1947), was born. "There are very few monsters who warrant the fear we have of them." "Believe those who are seeking the truth; doubt those who find it." “The color of truth is gray.”
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1869
John Stuart Mill authored his essay “On Liberty” in which he argued that the state should repress man’s acts only if they harm others.
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1870 Jan 21
Alexander Herzen (b.1812), Russian pro-Western writer and thinker, died. He was known as the "father of Russian socialism", and one of the main fathers of agrarian populism (being an ideological ancestor of the Narodniki, Socialist-Revolutionaries, Trudoviks and the agrarian American Populist Party).
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1870 Jun 9
Charles Dickens (58), writer, died in Gad’s Hill, England. His work included the "Pictures from Italy" and “Oliver Twist.” In 2009 Michael Slater authored “Charles Dickens.” In 2011 Claire Tomalin authored “Charles Dickens: A Life.”
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1870 Jun 11
William Gilmore Simms (b.1806), American Southern writer, died. His books included “Guy Rivers” (1834) and “The Yemassee” (1835).
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1871
English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (1832-1989), aka Lewis Carroll, authored “Through the Looking Glass,” as sequel to “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.”
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1872
Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881), Russian author, completed his novel “The Possessed,” also known as “Besy” or “The Devils.” In it he foresaw political terrorism on the eve of its birth among revolutionary groups.
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1872
Mark Twain’s "Roughing It" was published. It chronicles the night he and 2 friends spent in a blizzard only 15 steps from the Desert Wells Trading Station in Nevada.
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1872
English author Marie Louise de la Ramee published “A Dog of Flanders” under her pseudonym "Ouida." It is about a Flemish boy named Nello and his dog Patrasche. Film versions were produced in 1914, 1924, 1935, 1959, 1975, 1992, 1995 and 1999.
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1873
Charles Stoddard (1843-1909), SF-based poet, editor and novelist, authored “South Sea Idyls,” a collection of his travel tales.
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1874 Feb 3
Gertrude Stein (d.1946), poet and novelist, was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Her older brother, Michael, managed the family business, which included San Francisco's Market Street railway line. Her parents were Daniel and Milly. The family returned to America from Europe in 1878, and settled in Oakland, California, where Gertrude attended First Hebrew Congregation of Oakland's Sabbath school. Her relationship with her brother, Leo (1872-1947), abruptly ended in 1914. Her work included "Three Lives," "G.M.P." and "Tender Buttons." Stein coined the term "Lost Generation" in reference to the disillusioned intellectuals and aesthetes of the post-World War I years. The 40-year relationship between Gertrude and Leo is told by Brenda Wineapple in "Sister Brother, Gertrude and Leo Stein." "Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense." "It is awfully important to know what is and what is not your business."
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1875 Aug 4
Hans Christian Andersen (b.1805), Danish fairy tale writer, died. His biography was later written by Elias Bredsdorff (d.2002 at 90).
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1875 Aug 26
John Buchan (d.1940), Lord Tweedsmuir, was born in Perth, Scotland. He became a writer and governor general of Canada (1935), and was famous for his spy story "The Thirty-Nine Steps" (1915). "There may be Peace without Joy, and Joy without Peace, but the two combined make Happiness."
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1875
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) authored “Insectivorous Plants” as well as “The Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants.”
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1875
Anthony Trollope authored “The Way We Live Now,” a scathing satirical novel published in London. It was regarded by many of Trollope's contemporaries as his finest work. The story includes the description of a great railroad stock swindle by Augustus Melmotte, a foreign-born financier with a mysterious past.
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1876 Jan 12
Jack London (d.1916), American writer and adventurer, was born in SF at 3rd and Brannon. The original home burned down in the 1906 fire. He is best known for his dog novels "The Call of the Wild" and “White Fang.”
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1876 Jun 8
French author George Sand (b.1804 as Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant) died in Nohant, France. In 1975 Curtis Cate published the biography: "George Sand." French author. In 1993 Francis Steegmuller and Barbara Bray published their translation of correspondence between Flaubert and Sand. In 2000 Belinda Jack authored "George Sand: A Woman’s Life Writ Large." "I would rather believe that God did not exist than believe that He was indifferent."
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1876
Anthony Trollope authored “The Prime Minister,” part a sextet of novels known as “The Pallisers.” It offered sharp insights on power, sex, love and money.
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1877
Lafcadio Hearn (1850-1904), Irish-American travel writer, left Cincinnati for New Orleans, Louisiana, where he initially wrote dispatches on his discoveries in the "Gateway to the Tropics" for the Cincinnati Commercial. He lived in New Orleans for nearly a decade, writing first for the Daily City Item and later for the Times Democrat.
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1879
Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), the future author of "The Amateur Emigrant" and other works, authored “Travels with a Donkey.” It covered 12 days spent trekking in the Cevennes Mountains in France with the donkey, Celestine. He embarked this year on a 6,000-mile journey from his native Scotland to see his ailing-and married-lover in California. Stevenson, the author of "Treasure Island," must have realized the recklessness of this venture. There was no guarantee that the object of his affection-Frances (Fanny) Vandegrift Osbourne, would abandon her comfortable life and run off with the then-little-known author. Yet he seemed compelled to make the appeal, telling a friend that "No man is of any use until he has dared everything." The pair married on May 19, 1880.
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1880 May 8
Gustave Flaubert (b.1821), French novelist, died. He revealed in painful detail the small foibles of a bourgeois life and believed in perfection of form and the absolute value of art. His work included "Madam Bovary," "Salammbo" and "A Simple Heart." "Our ignorance of history causes us to slander our own times." In 2006 Frederick Brown authored “Flaubert : A Biography.”
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1880 Nov 25
Leonard Sidney Woolf (d.1969), English publisher, writer, was born.
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1880 Dec 19
Frank Buckland (b.1826), English surgeon, zoologist, popular author and natural historian, died. In 2016 Richard Girling authored “The Man Who Ate the Zoo: Frank Buckland, Forgotten Hero of Natural History.”
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1880
Joaquin Maria Machado de Assis (1839-1908), Brazilian mulatto writer, wrote "The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas." The Oxford Library of Latin America published a new edition in 1998.
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1880
Guy de Maupassant wrote his short story “Boule de Suif” (Butterball). In 2006 it premiered as an opera by composer Stephen Hartke and librettist Philip Littell.
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1880
Paul Lafargue (1842-1911), French revolutionary and journalist, published “Le Droit a la Paresse” (The Right to Laziness), in which he recommended that men should work no more than three hours a day.
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1880
Henry Adams authored his novel “Democracy.”
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1881 Feb 5
Thomas Carlyle (b.1795), Scottish essayist and historian, died in London.
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1882 Jul 1
Susan Glaspell (d.1948), novelist and playwright, author of "Alison’s House," was born.
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1882
Friedrich Nietzsche authored “Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft” (The Gay Science), in which he pronounced the death of God.
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1883 Sep 3
Ivan Turgenev (b.1818), Russian novelist and playwright, died in France. His best play was “A Month in the Country.” In 1977 V.S. Pritchett authored the biography “The Gentle Barbarian: The Life and Work of Turgenev.” In 2005 Robert Dessaiz authored “Twilight of Love: Travels With Turgenev,” an exploration of Turgenev’s work.
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1883
The first Brownie book was published. Palmer Cox (1840-1924), Canadian illustrator and writer, created the stories and drawings, which first appeared in 1879. 12 more books followed and in 1891 Cox registered the illustrations under the new copyright law.
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1883
Mary Hallock Foote (b1847), American author and illustrator, published her first novel: “Led-Horse Claim: A Romance of a Mining Camp,” written while living in Leadville, Colo.
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1883
Robert Lewis Stevenson authored “Silverado Squatters.” It covered 2 months of his journey to Mount St. Helena, Ca., with his wife Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne.
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1884 Jun 19
Juan Bautista Alberdi (b.1810), Argentine politician, writer, died in Paris. His writings inspired Argentina’s 1853 constitution.
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1884 Aug 16
Hugo Gernsback (d.1967), sci-fi writer, publisher (1960 Hugo), was born in Luxembourg.
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1884 Nov 16
William Wells Brown (b~1814), African-American abolitionist lecturer, novelist, playwright, and historian, died in Massachusetts. His novel “Clotel” (1853) is considered the first novel written by an African American. In 2014 Ezra Greenspan authored “William Wells Brown: An African American Life.”
Links: USA, Historian, Massachusetts, Writer, Black History, Biography     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1884
1963
Frank R. Paul, illustrator. His work included a scene from "War of the Worlds" by H. G. Wells.
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1884
Henry James (1843-1916) wrote his novella “The Author of Beltraffio.”
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1884
Mark Twain published his classic “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.”
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1885 Mar 6
Ring Lardner (d.1933), American humorist and writer, was born. His books included You Know Me Al (1916). "The family you come from isn't as important as the family you're going to have."
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1885
William Dean Howells authored his novel “The Rise of Silas Lapham,” about a self-made industrialist, who slips from the high rung of success just as he attempts to enter the exclusive precincts of Boston’s elite.
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1885
Emile Zola (1840-1902) authored his novel “Germinal,” a fictional account of a French mining strike. It was the 13th novel in Zola's 20-volume series Les Rougon-Macquart.
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1886
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Russian writer, authored his novel “The Death of Ivan Ilyich.”
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1886
Jules Verne (1828-1905) authored his novel “The Clipper of the Clouds.”
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1886
Emile Zola (1840-1902), French author, wrote "The Masterpiece," the story of an artist in pursuit of his vision. Zola described the horror felt by much of the general public when presented with the work of the new Impressionists.
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1887 Mar 8
Henry Ward Beecher (b.1813), American clergyman and brother of Harriet Beecher Stowe, died. His books included the “Summer in the Soul” (1858), “Life of Jesus Christ” (1871), Yale Lectures on Preaching (1872) and Evolution and Religion (1885). In 2006 Debby Applegate authored “The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher. ”
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1888 Mar 6
Louisa May Alcott (b.1832) died in Boston just hours after the burial of her father. Her novels included "Little Women" (1868). In 1998 "Little Women" premiered in Houston as an opera by Mark Adomo. In 2010 Susan Cheever authored “Louisa May Alcott: A Personal Biography.”
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1888 Jul 23
Raymond Chandler (d.1959), writer of detective stories, creator of the character Philip Marlow, was born in Chicago.
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1889 May 24
George Henry Calvert (b.1803), American author and great grandson of Lord Baltimore, died. His writing covered historical subjects. In 1854 Calvert was sworn in as mayor of Newport, Rhode Island.
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1889 Sep 23
Wilkie Collins (b.1824), English novelist and playwright, died. He wrote some 30 novels including are “The Woman in White” (1860), “No Name” (1862), “Armadale” (1866) and “The Moonstone” (1868). In 2012 Peter Ackroyd authored “Wilkie Collins.”
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1889
Oscar Wilde wrote his novella “The Portrait of Mr. W.H.”
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1890 Jan 9
Karel Capek (d.1938), Czech writer and playwright, was born. He is best remembered for his 1921 play R.U.R. which contained the first use of the word "robot."
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1890
Arthur Conan Doyle’s 2nd Sherlock Holmes novel, “The Sign of Four,” was published.
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1890
Jacob A. Riis (1849-1914), Danish-born author and photographer, published “How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York.”
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1890
L. Frank Baum (1856-1919) campaigned for an American Indian genocide. In an article for the Aberdeen Saturday Pioneer of South Dakota He wrote: “Why not annihilation? Their glory has fled, their spirit broken, their manhood effaced; it’s better that they should die than live the miserable wretches that they are.” In 1919 Baum authored “The Wonderful World of Oz.”
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1891 Sep 28
Herman Melville (b.1819), writer (Billy Budd, Moby Dick), died at 72. In 1921 Raymond Weaver authored a pioneering study of Melville. In 2002 Hershel Parker authored "Herman Melville: A Biography, Volume 2." In 2005 Andrew Delbanco authored “Melville: His World and Work.”

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