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100Mil BC
Spinosaurus, a 55 foot, 8 ton dinosaur with crocodile-like jaws lived during this time in Argentina, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria.
Links: Algeria, Argentina, Morocco, Dinosaur, Tunisia, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
4000 BC
2500 BC
A rock painting from this time in Tassili n'Ajjer, southeastern Algeria, illustrates a battle between 2 prehistoric groups armed with bows and arrows.
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218 BC
201 BC
Numidia, ancient Roman name for part of northern Africa roughly equivalent to modern Algeria. In the Second Punic War (218-201 BC) between Carthage and Rome, western Numidia supported Carthage. King Masinissa of eastern Numidia joined the Romans. With the victory of Rome, Masinissa controlled all Numidia.
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105 BC
The heart of ancient Numidia lay in the eastern region of what is now Algeria in Northern Africa.
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49 BC
Mauretania (now northern Morocco and Algeria) became a client kingdom of Rome.
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46 BC
Numidia was conquered by Rome. The Vandals and Byzantines ruled successively before Arabs conquered the area in the seventh century AD.
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40
Mauretania was divided into the provinces of Tingitana and Caesariensis.
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200
400
Christianity spread rapidly in Numidia and the diocese of Lamiggiga was established. It was later abandoned and just the name was used as an honorary jurisdiction for Catholic auxiliary bishops.
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311
The Donatists were a Christian sect that developed in northern Africa [Numidia] and maintained that it alone constituted the whole and only true church and that baptisms and ordinations of the orthodox clergy were invalid.
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430 Aug 28
430 Aug 28, Augustine (b.354) died in Hippo (Annaba, Algeria) with a Vandal army outside the gates of the city. His writings included "The Confessions." In 1999 Garry Wills authored the biography "St. Augustine." Augustine had developed the theory of a "just war" and said a nation’s leaders must consider among other things, anticipated loss of civilian life and whether all peaceful options have been exhausted before war starts. In 2003 Garry Wills authored "Saint Augustine's Sin." In 2005 James J. O’Donnell authored “Augustine: A New Biography.” Augustine turned against the spirit of intellectual inquiry once he found salvation. His dogmatic invective laid the foundations for centuries of intellectual tyranny by the Catholic church.

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439 Oct 19
The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, took Carthage and quickly conquered all the coastal lands of Algeria and Tunisia. Egypt and the Libyan coast remained in Roman hands.
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439
In Mauretania (now northern Morocco and Algeria) Roman rule ceased in the mid 5th century when barbarian incursions forced the legions to withdraw.
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1518
Algiers and Tunis, Barbary states in North Africa, were founded.
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1530
1539
During this period Khayr Ad-Din (d.1546) known by the European name Barbarossa, meaning Redbeard, united Algeria and Tunisia as military states under the Ottoman caliphate. He was a Barbary pirate and later as admiral of the Ottoman fleet.
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1546
Barbarossa, one of the great figures in the court at Istanbul, died. Khayr Ad-Din was a Barbary pirate and later, as admiral of the Ottoman fleet, he united Algeria and Tunisia as military states under the Ottoman caliphate in the 1530s.
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1774 Jul 11
Jews of Algiers escaped an attack of the Spanish Army. Jun 11 was also cited for this event.
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1795 Nov 28
US paid $800,000 and a frigate as tribute to Algiers and Tunis.
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1815 Mar 2
To put an end to robberies by the Barbary pirates, the United States declared war on Algiers.
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1815 Jun 30
US naval hero Stephen Decatur ended attacks by Algerian pirates. Commodores Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge conducted successful operations against the Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. [See Aug 5]
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1815 Aug 5
A peace treaty with Tripoli, which followed treaties with Algeria (Jun 30) and Tunis (Aug 28), brought an end to the Barbary Wars. Commodores Stephen Decatur and William Bainbridge had conducted successful operations against the Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli.
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1816 Aug 27
Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, a noble from Devon, England, bombed Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates. He flew the green, white and black flag of St. Petroc. In 1836 the battle was pictured in a painting by George Chambers, Senior. Pellew was subsequently named Lord Exmouth.
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1830 Jul 5
The French occupied the North African city of Algiers. A flotilla had set sail earlier from Toulon to wrest Algeria from Ottoman control.
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1831
The original Zouaves, Zouaoua tribesmen from Algeria, formed their brightly dressed fighting force and later gained renown for their bravery during the Crimean and Franco-Austrian wars. American units imitated both the dress and battle courage of these fierce fighters.
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1836 Jul 6
French General Thomas Bugeaud defeated Abd al-Kader's forces beside the Sikkak River in Algeria.
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1845 Sep 8
A French column surrendered at Sidi Brahim in the Algerian War.
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1846 Oct 10
Alexis the Tocqueville wrote about the "Algerian problem."
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1848
Delacroix painted “Women of Algiers in Their Apartment.”
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1856
In France Emperor Napoleon III decided to quell an impending revolt in Algeria by sending a magician, who would demonstrate the power of the Europeans to the natives. He sent Jean-Eugene Robert Houdini (1805-1871). The 1998 novel "The Magician’s Wife" by Brian Moore is based on the historic events. The magician is named Henri Lambert.
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1905 Sep 14
Pierre de Brazza (b.1852), Franco-Italian explorer, died and was buried in Algeria. He was born in Italy and later naturalized French. Brazza single-handedly opened up for France entry along the right bank of the Congo that eventually led to French colonies in West Africa. In 2006 his remains were exhumed and moved to a mausoleum in Brazzaville, capital of the Republic of Congo.
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1909 Nov 15
M. Metrot took off in a Voisin bi-plane from Algiers, making the first manned flight in Africa.
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1913 Nov 7
Albert Camus (d.1960), French philosopher, novelist, and dramatist best known for his book "The Stranger" (1942) was born on an Algerian farm.
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1914 Aug 3
German Admiral Souchon, commander of the battle cruisers Goeben and Breslau, received an unexpected change in his orders. After attacking the Algerian coast he was no longer to sail west to the Atlantic Ocean. Instead, he was now ordered to turn around and sail east to Turkey. His new mission was to persuade the neutral Turkish government to enter the war on the side of Germany. The 2 ships were sold to Turkey and Souchon was made commander of the Turkish navy. He took the ships into the Black Sea, where he bombarded the Russian cities of Odessa, Sebastopol and Novorossiysk without the knowledge or consent of the Turkish government.
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1916
Charles de Foucauld, a former French army officer turned monk who lived among the Tuareg people in the Sahara, was killed in an anti-French uprising in Algeria. In 2005 he was beatified by Pope Benedikt XVI. Inspired by the monk, groups known as the Little Sisters and Little Brothers of Jesus were formed in Algeria.
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1919
Ahmed Ben Bella, Algerian statesman, was born. He served as premier from 1962-1965.
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1936
Yves St. Laurent, fashion designer, was born in Oran, Algeria.
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1940 Jul 4
British destroyed French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 died.
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1941 Jul 3
Liamine Zeroual was born.
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1942 Oct 21
Eight American and British officers landed from a submarine on an Algerian beach to take measure of Vichy French to the Operation Torch landings.
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1942 Oct 23
The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departed from Hampton Roads, Virginia.
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1942 Nov 8
Operation Torch began during World War II as U.S. and British forces landed in French North Africa. Gen’l. Eisenhower landed with American troops in Algiers, Casablanca.
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1942 Nov 10
Admiral Jean Darlan ordered French forces in North Africa to cease resistance to the Anglo-American forces. Admiral Jean Francois Darlan, leader of the armed forces of Vichy France, was assassinated in Algiers in 1942.
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1942 Nov 13
Lt Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower flew to Algeria to conclude an agreement with French Admiral Jean Darlan. The Admiral was assassinated soon after.
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1942 Nov 14
Last Vichy French troops in Algeria surrendered.
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1942 Dec 24
Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral and leader of the armed forces of Vichy France, was murdered by Gaullists in Algiers.
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1942
Admiral Jean Francois Darlan, leader of the armed forces of Vichy France, was assassinated in Algiers.
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1943 May 29
Churchill, Marshall and Eisenhower met in the Confederacy of Algiers.
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1944 Mar 15
In Algiers, the provisional government merged the Office Français d'Information and France-Afrique, thus forming Agence Française de Presse (AFP).
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1945 May 8
Algerian demonstrators in the town of Setif unfurled an Algerian flag, banned by the French occupiers.
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1951 Nov 1
The Algerian National Liberation Front began guerrilla warfare against the French.
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1954 Sep 10
A 12 second earthquake killed 1,460 in Orleansville, Algeria.
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1954 Oct 31
The Algerian Revolution (1954-1962) against the French began. Algerian Muslims of the Front de Libération National (FLN), began open warfare against French rule in Algeria. [see Nov 1]
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1954 Nov 1
Algerian nationalists began their successful eight-year rebellion against French rule. [see Oct 31] Hocine Ait-Ahmed (1926-2015) was one of the nine so-called "sons of Toussaint" who launched the uprising. He was arrested in 1964 and condemned to death but later freed, and left for exile in Lausanne in 1966.
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1954 Nov 24
France sent 20,000 soldiers to Algeria.
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1954
1962
During the Algerian war of independence French generals approved torture and the disappearance of the 3,000 suspected guerrillas. About a million people were killed during this period. In 1977 Alistair Horne of Britain authored "A Savage War of Peace." In 2000 former Gen. Paul Aussaresse testified on French military behavior and the approval of Gen. Jacques Massu. In 2001 a mass grave of 290 people was found at the site of the former headquarters of the French army. In 2001 former Gen. Aussaresses authored "Special Services: Algeria: 1955-1957." In 2002 Aussaresses was convicted of "trying to justify war" and was fined $6,500.
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1954
1989
Leon-Etienne Duval served as archbishop of Algiers, He was one of the first French public figures to recognize Algeria’s right to independence and worked to that end.
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1955 Aug 20
Hundreds of people were killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco and Algeria.
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1956 Feb 6
French PM Guy Mollet was pelted with rotten tomatoes at a demonstration in Algiers. The French refer to this memorable event as "la journée des tomates."
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1956 Mar 27
French commandos landed in Algeria.
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1956 Apr 11
French government sent 200,000 reservists to Algeria.
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1956 May 10
French government sent 50,000 reservists to Algeria. [see Apr 11]
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