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Assyria

9600 BC
8500 BC
Some dozen villages piled one on top of the other occupied the site of Jerf el-Ahmar at a bend of the Euphrates River. In 1999 the area was flooded under the waters of the Tishrin Dam.
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9500 BC
6100 BC
The Neolithic site of Abu Hureyra, 40 miles downstream from Jerf el-Ahmar, was flooded under the waters of the Taqba Dam in the 1970s.
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2750 BC
Gilgamesh, a Sumerian King, ruled the city of Uruk (Babylonia) about this time, which had grown to a population of over 50,000. Gilgamesh was the subject of many epics, including the Sumerian "Gilgamesh and Enkidu in the Nether World" and the Babylonian "Epic of Gilgamesh." In 1844 Westerners discovered an epic poem based on Gilgamesh on stone fragments in Mosul, Iraq. In 1853 clay tablets inscribed with the tale were found in Nineveh, the former capital of Assyria. 5 Sumerian versions were later acknowledged. George Smith completed his translation of the Epic in 1874. In 2004 Stephen Mitchell published “Gilgamesh: A New English Translation.” Derek Hines authored “Gilgamesh.”
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2500 BC
The Jiroft culture (later Assyria, Persia, southeastern Iran) flourished about this time.
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2200 BC
A statue of the Sumerian king Entemena of Lagash was made about this time. The head was later lost and in 2003 the remaining body was looted after the fall of Baghdad. In 2006 it was returned to Iraq’s National Museum.
Links: Iraq, Assyria, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1800 BC
King Shamshi-Adad I of Assyria passed the area of Palmyra on his way to the Mediterranean at the beginning of the 18th century BC. By this time Palmyra was the easternmost point of the kingdom of Qatna.
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1300 BC
Assyria was a middle-eastern empire of this time.
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1300 BC
1200 BC
A sprawling Assyrian administrative center was discovered by Dutch archeologists in 1997 in Rakka, 340 miles north of Damascus. The site included a 15-foot high 2-story building with 2 bathrooms, 2 toilets and a tiled floor.
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1200 BC
The Hittite Empire fell when invading Assyrians sacked and burned their capital, Hattussa (Hattusha).
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1000 BC
900 BC
The search for the 10 lost tribes of Israel, who were dispersed in the tenth century BCE when the Assyrians conquered part of the Holy Land, is depicted on a CD titled The Myth of the 10 Lost Tribes, by Creative Multimedia Corp.
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1000 BC
The world’s oldest known lens was ground about this time by an Assyrian maker.
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900 BC
840 BC
The Assyrians expanded their empire to the west. By 840 they conquered Syria and Turkey, territory that had formerly belonged to the Hittites.
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883 BC
859 BC
Ashurnasirpal II. He established the new capital city of Kalhu (Nimrud).
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858 BC
824 BC
Shalmaneser II, Assyrian ruler.
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812 BC
783 BC
Hada-Nirari III, Assyrian king enumerated the Philistines among the Palestinian states conquered by him.
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810 BC
805 BC
Sammuramat ruled Assyria as Queen.
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