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Akkad

2334 BC
2279 BC
Sargon I (2371BC-2315BC) founded and ruled the city-state of Akkad, after he left the city of Kish where he was an important official. He was the first ruler to maintain a standing army. His empire lasted less than 200 years.
Links: Akkad, Mesopotamia, HistoryBC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2320 BC
Sargon conquered the independent city-states of Sumer and instituted a central government.
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2315 BC
2306 BC
Rimush, son of Sargon, ruled Akkad. He was assassinated.
Links: Akkad, Mesopotamia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2306 BC
2291 BC
Manishtusu, another son of Sargon, took power over Akkad. He died in a palace revolt.
Links: Akkad, Mesopotamia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2291 BC
2254 BC
Naram-Sin ruled Akkad. He defeated a rebel coalition in Sumer and re-established Akkadian power. He re-conquered Syria, Lebanon, and the Taurus mountains, destroying Aleppo and Mari in the process. During his reign the Gutians sacked the city of Agade and eventually destroyed all of Sumer (southern Iraq). During his reign Naram-Sin campaigned against the region of Magan (Oman).
Links: , Syria, Lebanon, Akkad, Mesopotamia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2254 BC
2230 BC
Shar-Kali-Sharri, son of Naram-Sin, ruled Akkad. He fought to preserve the realm but it disintegrated under rebellion and invasion.
Links: Akkad, Mesopotamia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2230 BC
2118 BC
Gutians, a tribe from the Zagros region of Iran, gained power in Mesopotamia and Gutian kings dominated the area.
Links: Iran, Akkad, Mesopotamia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1000 BC
A clay tablet, described as an Akkadian-language letter, dating to about this time was placed on display in 2011 in Jerusalem. The letter was from the Canaanite King Abdi-Heba to the king of Egypt. It was found in excavations of a site from the First Temple period.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Akkad, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 



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