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1984
Morocco left the Organization of African Unity after a majority of member states recognized Polisario and granted it membership as the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic SADR).
Links: Morocco, AU, Western Sahara     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1988 Jan 15
Sean MacBride (b.1904), Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, died. He was a founding member of Amnesty Intíl. and was awarded the Nobel peace Prize in 1974. He wrote the Constitution of the Organisation for African Unity and the first Constitution of Ghana, the first UK African Colony to achieve Independence.
Links: Ghana, Nobel Prize, Ireland, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jun 7
The Organization of African Unity formally admits South Africa as its fifty-third member.
Links: South Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jun 4
The 53-nation Organization of African Unity unanimously condemned the coup in Sierra Leone. The 16-member Nigerian-led Economic Community of West African states pledged not to tolerate military coups on the continent a day after it approved the use of force to restore the government of Sierra Leone.
Links: Sierra Leone, Nigeria, AU, ECOWAS     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jul 11
A new African Union was born at the closing of the final summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) for all of Africaís 53 countries. The New Partnership for Africaís Development (Nepad) was set up as the economic development arm of the OAU.
Links: Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2002 Jul 8
African leaders gathered in South Africa to form the new African Union and to bid farewell to the Organization of African Unity (OAU), a much-criticized regional body formed nearly four decades ago to usher the continent out of colonialism.
Links: South Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Jul 9
African leaders in Durban, SA, launched the African Union, an ambitious new body intended to pull the beleaguered continent out of poverty and conflict.
Links: South Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Jul 10
The first summit of the African Union ended with lofty promises of a new era of economic development and good government on a continent plagued by poverty and oppression.
Links: AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Feb 28
African leaders agreed on a common security policy that for the first time gives the fledgling African Union authority to intervene in border wars and internal conflicts. A draft declaration of the policy was expected to be announced at the conclusion of the two-day pan-African summit.
Links: Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 May 25
In Ethiopia heads of state and government from at least 8 African countries attended a ceremony to inaugurate the new Peace and Security council (PSC) at the African Union's headquarters in Addis Ababa.
Links: Ethiopia, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2004 Jul 6
In Ethiopia a major summit of the two-year-old African Union opened in Addis Ababa in the presence of about 40 heads of state and government. The crisis in Darfur took centre stage.
Links: Ethiopia, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Aug 13
The first elements of a 300-strong African Union protection force left Kigali, Rwanda, for Sudan's troubled region of Darfur, Sudan.
Links: Rwanda, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Oct 22
The EU said its member states will contribute $125 million to an African Union (AU) force in Sudan's troubled Darfur region.
Links: EU, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Nov 6
The African Union mandated South African President Thabo Mbeki to launch an urgent mission to resolve the crisis in Ivory Coast.
Links: Ivory Coast, South Africa, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Nov 16
Darfur rebels from the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) handed over 20 prisoners of war to the African Union (AU).
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2004 Dec 18
The African Union said Sudan had started withdrawing troops in Darfur ahead of an evening deadline to end fighting there, but Khartoum said the pullout was conditional on the rebels halting attacks.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Dec 18
Sudan's government kept up attacks on rebels in Darfur, defying a deadline set by African Union mediators for an end to active hostilities.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Dec 21
Sudan's government and Darfur rebels agreed to formally end faltering talks. The African Union urged both sides to stop fighting so peace efforts could resume in January. Save the Children UK is pulling out of the Darfur region of Sudan because four of its workers have been killed there.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Jan 10
The African Union's (AU) Peace and Security Council wrapped up its inaugural meeting unexpectedly quickly here with a series of resolutions on the continent's main flashpoints, including Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan's Darfur region.
Links: Sudan, CongoDRC, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Jan 26
The Sudanese air force bombed villagers in South Darfur, observers from the African Union reported, and an international aid organization said casualties were inflicted. The UN said renewed fighting in Sudan's Darfur region may have killed up to 105 civilians and displaced more than 9,000 last week.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2005 Jan 30
UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, at a summit of the 53-member African Union in Abuja, Nigeria, urged pan-African cooperation to resolve conflicts.
Links: UN, Nigeria, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Feb 6
The African Union accused military commanders in Togo of taking advantage of the death of the country's longtime leader to stage a coup and raised the possibility that its 53 members will not recognize the West African nation's new government.
Links: Togo, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Feb 28
African Union (AU) chairman, Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo, met Sudan's first vice president Ali Taha over the bloody crisis in Darfur region.
Links: Sudan, Nigeria, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Apr 28
The African Union agreed to more than triple the size of its peacekeeping force in Sudan's western Darfur region.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 May 24
NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer said NATO will offer airlift, training and other logistics support to African Union (AU) forces struggling to end the civil war in Sudan's Darfur region.
Links: NATO, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2005 May 26
International donors pledged an additional $200 million to fund the African Union peacekeeping operation in Sudan's western Darfur region during a conference in Ethiopia to discuss the ongoing violence.
Links: Ethiopia, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Sep 2
The African Union said it is suspending peacekeeper deployments to Sudan's war-torn western Darfur region for nearly three weeks due to lack of jet fuel and heavy rains.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 6
Africa Union leaders said Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo's could stay in power after his term expires on October 30, giving him up to a year more in office in a bid to resolve the crisis in his divided country.
Links: Ivory Coast, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 8
In Sudan's Darfur region 2 African Union peacekeeping soldiers from Nigeria and 2 civilian contractors were killed in an ambush.
Links: Sudan, Nigeria, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 9
Rebels freed 36 members of an African Union team, including an American monitor, who were kidnapped earlier in the day in Sudan's western Darfur region.

Links: USA, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2005 Oct 13
The UN adopted AU proposals giving Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo a year more in office with the caveat that he cede some powers to the prime minister.
Links: Ivory Coast, UN, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Nov 12
Africa Union leaders from Algeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa and Senegal met in Abuja for a 2-day summit titled: "Africa and the challenges of the global order: Desirability of union government," with the leaders discussing the broad principles of integration.
Links: Algeria, Senegal, Ghana, Ethiopia, South Africa, Nigeria, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Nov 27
Senegal's foreign minister said the African Union will decide the fate of Chad's former dictator, wanted in Belgium for trial on human-rights abuses allegedly committed during his regime.
Links: Senegal, Chad, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Dec 2
African leaders and French President Jacques Chirac converged on Mali for a two-day summit expected to focus on Africa's conflict hotspots, immigration and the problems of African youth.
Links: Mali, France, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Dec 21
The UN and the African Union condemned an attack on a village in Sudanís western Darfur region in which camel and horse-riding assailants killed 20 civilians and burned their huts.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2006 Jan 21
African nations were split over Sudan's bid to head the African Union, a move which could scuttle peace talks in the country's Darfur region and damage Africa's efforts to improve its image abroad.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jan 22
Sudanese police raided a human rights meeting, seized documents and laptops and briefly detained participants on the eve of an African summit in the country.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jan 23
African leaders began their annual summit in disarray, failing to resolve dissension over Sudan's bid to chair the 53-state body. An AU official said 5 African leaders have asked Sudan to withdraw its bid to head the African Union because the appointment could sink Darfur peace talks and dent the group's credibility.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jan 24
A government spokesman said Sudan has withdrawn from the competition to lead the African Union amid criticism of its human rights record. Diplomats said the presidency would go to the Republic of Congo.
Links: Sudan, AU, Congo Rep.     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jan 29
Republic of Congo President Denis Sassou-Nguesso launched his role as a top African peace mediator, meeting with the prime minister of civil war-divided Ivory Coast days after taking over as African Union head.
Links: Ivory Coast, AU, Congo Rep.     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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2006 Feb 28
A top UN envoy said Sudan has begun a campaign to keep African Union troops in Darfur and prevent a UN force from taking over efforts to restore peace there. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and Libyan leader Moamer Kadhafi rejected the replacement of an AU force in the Sudanese region of Darfur by UN peacekeepers.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Mar 8
Western powers sought to persuade Sudan to agree to a weak African Union peacekeeping force being turned into a more robust UN mission to stop killing in the Darfur region. Thousands of Sudanese protested in Khartoum against any deployment of UN troops in Darfur.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Mar 10
The African Union decided to extend its peacekeeping mission in Sudan's Darfur region for six months to give itself time to negotiate a peace agreement, but it promised to transfer control to the United Nations once that is accomplished.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Mar 12
African Union mediators presented cease-fire proposals for the conflict in Sudan's Darfur region, asking rebels and the Sudanese government to work together to end military activity against relief supply routes and refugee camps.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Apr 30
In Ethiopia visiting Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi has said he backed plans for an expanded United Nations Security Council, adding that he would present his country's position at the African Union (AU) headquarters in Addis Ababa.
Links: Japan, UN, Ethiopia, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2006 May 1
Under pressure from the US rebels in Sudan's Darfur region agreed to continue negotiations in Nigeria with the Sudanese government after rejecting a peace proposal that would end a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people.
Links: Sudan, Nigeria, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 May 8
Darfur refugees rioted and forced the UN humanitarian chief to rush from their camp, then later attacked African peacekeepers and killed a translator in a sign of deep tensions in Sudanís war torn region despite a fragile peace deal. Arab militias, known as Janjaweed, attacked Labado town in South Darfur, killing and injuring up to 50 people. The AU has a base in Labado town.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 May 24
The African Union accepted a NATO offer to extend its assistance in Sudan's violent Darfur region, stressing its presence there would remain small.
Links: NATO, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 May 26
In Sudan one African Union soldier was killed and another critically wounded when heavily armed men ambushed a patrol not far from their base in West Darfur.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jun 10
In Brazzaville, the Congo Republic, ministers from across Africa approved a draft democracy charter, laying down guidelines on elections and good governance in the world's poorest continent.
Links: AU, Congo Rep.     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2006 Jun 16
A joint UN and African Union delegation met Chadian President Idriss Deby to discuss the possible deployment of UN troops in Sudan's war-ravaged western Darfur region.
Links: Chad, UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Jul 1
In Gambia a summit of more than 50 African leaders opened with the aim of pursuing regional integration, but conflicts in Darfur and Somalia are inevitably topping the agenda. Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez called on Africa to forge closer ties with Latin America to combat what he called a threat of U.S. hegemony.
Links: Venezuela, Sudan, Africa, Somalia, AU, Gambia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Sep 19
Sudan's Pres. Omar Hassan al-Bashir, on the sidelines of the UN General assembly, said his country would never allow UN peacekeepers into Darfur and charged that the West wanted to dismember his country in order to help Israel. He agreed that the 7,000 AU peacekeepers could stay.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Sep 20
The African Union (AU) agreed to extend the mandate of its peacekeepers in Sudan's troubled Darfur region for three months until December 31 after receiving promises of financial and logistical support from the United Nations and Arab states.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Sep 25
A spokesman for the AU said the African Union will add 4,000 troops to its extended Darfur peacekeeping mission, bringing the number of police and soldiers in western Sudan to 11,000. The UN got its first pledges of troops for a proposed peacekeeping force in Sudan's Darfur region at a meeting of 49 potential contributing nations.
Links: UN, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2006 Oct 4
Sources said fresh inter-rebel fighting in Sudan has forced 10,000 Darfuris to seek refuge near a camp of African Union forces monitoring a widely-ignored truce.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Nov 3
Leaders of more than 40 African nations converged on Beijing for a summit at which China will seek to bolster its influence on the resource-rich but economically backward continent.
Links: China, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Nov 11
Sudanese armed forces deliberately attacked civilians in western Darfur killing 11, including a woman burnt to death in her home. African Union sources later claimed 30 people were killed and 40 injured, blaming Khartoum-backed Janjaweed militia.
Links: Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Nov 16
UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan worked with key African, Arab, European leaders in Ethiopia to break the deadlock over worsening violence in Sudan's Darfur region. Leaders agreed in principle to a joint African Union-United Nations peacekeeping force for Darfur. UN humanitarian chief Jan Egeland arrived in Darfur to find security so bad he could not visit the camps outside el-Geneina town housing tens of thousands of displaced Darfuris.
Links: UN, Ethiopia, Sudan, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Nov 23
In Cameroon the African Union's 53 finance ministers, meeting in Yaounde, called for debt cancellation from their creditors and increased aid packages.
Links: Cameroon, AU     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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