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1954
The Fontainebleu Hotel in Miami Beach, designed by Morris Lapidus (1902-2001), was completed.
Links: USA, Florida, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1955
In San Francisco the 25-story tower at 100 Montgomery was completed. The Equitable Life Building, designed by Wilbur D. Peugh, was the city’s first tower since the Depression. Flawed marble panels were later replaced by crystallized glass.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1957
Bill and Daisy Myers became the first Black couple to buy a house in Levittown (Willingboro), Pa. State police were required to protect them. They lived there until 1961. In 1999 Daisy was given a reception and an apology from the Bristol Township Mayor Sam Fenton. Levittown was created by William Levitt, who kept costs down by bringing in ready made walls and buying appliances directly from manufacturers. In 2009 David Kushner authored “Levittown: Two Families, One Tycoon, and the Fight for Civil Rights in America’s Legendary Suburb.”
Links: USA, Pennsylvania, Black History, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1957
Iraq commissioned Le Corbusier to design the Baghdad Gymnasium as a small part of a planned Olympic city. It was only completed in 1982, under the rule of Saddam Hussein, under the guidance of Georges-Marc Presente, an associate of Le Corbusier, who ensured the strict application of the designer's clean, industrial, modernist principles.
Links: Iraq, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1957
In San Francisco the Franciscan Crab Restaurant was built at Pier 43½. The front design by Hewitt C. Wells featured a prow-like shape.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1958
Chicago’s 18-tory Inland Steel Building at 30 W. Monroe St. was built. It was designed by Mies van der Rohe and built by Skidmore Owings & Merrill.
Links: USA, Chicago, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958
The Lafayette Pavilion Apartments, a part of the Lafayette Park development in Detroit, Mich., was completed. The 78-acre urban renewal project, planned by Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig Hilberseimer and Alfred Caldwell, was originally called the Gratiot Park Development. It was built over the old neighborhood called Black Bottom. Chicago developer Herbert Greenwald (d.1959) assembled the team to demolish the build the project, which was completed in 1965. In 1966 the US national Park Service listed Lafayette Park on the national Register of Historic Places.
Links: USA, Michigan, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958
In San Francisco architect Henrik Bull (1929-2013) talked a client into spending $75,000 on the Sentinel Building at Kearny and Columbus, which he then fixed up.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959 Oct 21
The Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright (1869-1959), opened in NYC. In 2009 the museum published “The Guggenheim: Frank Lloyd Wright and the Making of the Modern Museum.”
Links: USA, NYC, Architect, Museum     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959
1974
Chicago’s Federal Center at 219 S. Dearborn St. was built.
Links: USA, Chicago, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1959
William Wurster (1895-1973), American architect and teacher, co-founded the College of Environmental Design at UC Berkeley, Ca.
Links: USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959
In San Francisco the 20-story glass-skinned high-rise at One Bush St. was built. It was designed by architects Skidmore Owings & Merrill and Hertzka & Knowles.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959
In San Francisco the barrel-vaulted Marina Safeway grocery store, designed by Wurster Bernardi & Emmons, was built.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959
In San Francisco the 13-story building at 100 California was built to house the West Coast headquarters of Bethlehem Steel Corp. It was designed by Welton Becket.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960
The new American Embassy in London, designed by Eero Saarinen, was completed. His designed for the building, officially titled the U.S. Chancellery, was completed in 1955.
Links: Britain, USA, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1961
In Cuba construction began on a dance building designed by Italian architect Vittorio Garatti as one of five adjacent arts complexes personally requested by Fidel Castro, who dreamed of building the world's finest art school on the golf course of a country club seized by his revolution. Work was abruptly halted in 1965, with the ballet school lacking only windows, doors and floors. In 2012 dancer Carlos Acosta pledged to rescue the dance school and turn it into an international center for culture and dance.
Links: Cuba, Architect, Dance     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1962 Jun
Supersam, Poland’s first large self-service food store, opened in Warsaw. The structure was designed by a team led by Jerzy Hryniewiecki. The hanging roof was designed by Waclaw Zalewski. In 1991 a management team won control over the store. In 2006 wrecking crews were halted as enthusiasts called for its preservation as a historical site.
Links: Poland, Food, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1962 Nov 17
Washington's Dulles International Airport opened in rural Virginia and was dedicated by President Kennedy. The terminal was designed by Finnish-born architect Eero Saarinen. The airport spawned a high-tech corridor that by 2005 sat in the fastest growing county in the US.
Links: USA, Finland, Virginia, Aviation, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1962
1967
Lawrence Halprin served as the master designer for the Sea Ranch development at the Rancho del Mar sheep ranch on the Northern California coast. His proposal for the FDR Monument in Washington was accepted in 1974. Sea Ranch was completed in 1998 with 1,600 homes on 4,000 acres. In 2004 Donlyn Lyndon and Jim Alinder authored “The Sea Ranch.” Developer and architect Alfred Boeke (1923-2011) hired Halprin for the project.
Links: USA, California, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1962
SF Bay Area property developer Joseph Eichler constructed a set of 2-story townhouses on Amber Drive and Amethyst Way in SF.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1962
In Brazil the first residents of Sao Paulo’s Edificio Copan, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, began moving in. City hall issued its first residency permit in May, 1966.
Links: Brazil, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1963
France erected giant concrete buildings to house a growing working class and North African immigrants. These included the “Cite des 4,000” in the Paris suburb of La Courneuve.
Links: France, Labor, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964
Chicago’s Marina Center at 300 N. State St. was built. The pair of 60-story towers were designed by Bertram Goldberg.
Links: USA, Chicago, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964
In San Francisco the 19-story Carillon Tower was built at 1100 Gough. Architect Donald Powers Smith designed the rounded structure.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964
In San Francisco the 18-story tower at 180 Samsome was built. It was designed by architects Hertzka and Knowles.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1964
In San Francisco the Scottish Rite Masonic Center was completed at 2850 19th Ave. It was designed by architect Albert F. Roller.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965 Aug 27
Le Corbusier (b.1887), Swiss-French architect and writer, died in France. He was born as Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. His book included books include “Vers une architecture” (Towards a New Architecture) (1923), “The City of Tomorrow” (1925), and “When the Cathedrals Were White” (1937). In 2014 Anthony flint authored “Modern man: The Life of Le Corbusier, Architect of Tomorrow.”
Links: France, Switzerland, Writer, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965
In SF 1 32-story condo tower at 999 Green St. was completed. It was designed by Tibor Fecskes for Joseph Eichler.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965
In San Francisco the 16-story building at 450 Sansome St. was built with a design by architect Richard Hadley.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965
In San Francisco Art Gensler founded his Gensler architectural firm. By 2014 it had become the world’s largest architectural practice with 46 offices in 14 countries.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1966
Robert Venturi, architect, authored “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.”
Links: USA, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
The Copan building in Sao Paulo, Brazil, designed Oscar Niemeyer (b.1907), was completed. Begun in 1953 the massive residential structure shaped like a wave became a South American landmark.
Links: Brazil, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
In Los Angeles the 19-story Century Plaza Hotel, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was completed. In 2009 the National Trust for Historic Preservation placed it on its list of most endangered historic places.
Links: USA, California, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
In San Francisco the 43 story tower at 44 Montgomery St., designed by architect John Graham, was completed.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1967
In Oakland, Ca., the 16-story Lakeside Regency Plaza was constructed at 1555 Lakeside Drive. It was designed by Michel Marx.
Links: USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1968
Architects Doug Michels (1943-2003) and Chip Lord founded the Ant Farm in SF. In 1974 they created "Cadillac Ranch," a sculpture of 10 planted Cadillacs, in Amarillo, Texas. In 1975 they created the performance work "Media Burn," in which Michels drove a Cadillac through a pyramid of burning television sets. Ant Farm disbanded in 1978.
Links: Artist, USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Architect Henry Schubart (d.1998 at 81) moved his family to Salt Spring Island in British Columbia due to his opposition to the Vietnam War. He had designed the campus buildings of the Dominican College in Marin, Ca., the St. Louis Bertrand Church in Oakland and the Holy Names Church in SF among other works. In BC he introduced the use of skylights.
Links: Canada, USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
In Germany the Gallery of the Twentieth Century by architect Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) was dedicated in Berlin.
Links: Germany, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
In San Francisco the 38 story building at One Post St., desige3nd by Welton Becket, was built.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Jan 27
Transamerica Corp., under the leadership of John Beckett (1918-2010), announced its wish to build a 1,000-foot tower in San Francisco. Work on the 48-floor Pyramid, designed by architect William Pereira, began in December, 1969. The 853-foot tower was completed in 1972.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1969 Jul 5
Walter Gropius (b.1883), architect, founder (Bauhaus school of design), died.
Links: Germany, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Aug 17
Mies van der Rohe (b.1886), German-born American architect, died. He founded the Int’l. Style and designed early steel-framed and glass-jacketed buildings. He coined the phrase: "Less is more."
Links: USA, Germany, Quote, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969
Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), American architect and futurist, authored his "Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth."
Links: USA, Writer, Architect, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969
In Marin County, Ca., the Mill Valley Public Library was built. It was designed by Donn Emmons (d.1997 at 87).
Links: USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969
Jim Bishop began building his castle in Rye, Colorado.
Links: USA, Colorado, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1970
The 580-room SF Holiday Inn at Fisherman’s Wharf, designed by Clement Chen Jr., a Shanghai native, was constructed. In 2005 it was renovated and re-flagged as a Hilton hotel.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Sep 8
The Kennedy Center, begun in 1964, officially opened in Washington, DC. A performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass was held there three days earlier. The $71 million structure was designed by Edward Durell. The cultural center was promoted at Kennedy’s request by Roger L. Stevens (1910-1998). Congress had designated it a national monument to Pres. Kennedy following his assassination.
Links: USA, Architect, DC, KennedyJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
The Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915-2004), was completed.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
In SF the Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption, designed by McSweeney, Ryan & Lee with Pietro Belluschi and Pier Luigi Nervi, opened at Gough and Geary.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
In SF the 46-story Hilton San Francisco, designed by John Carl Warnecke, opened at 333 O’Farrell St.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Nov
The $32 million Transamerica Pyramid building in San Francisco received its first tenant, a bank. The building was designed by William Pereira.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Apr 4
In NYC ribbon cutting ceremonies were held for World Trade Center, the highest building in the world. The World Trade Center was completed at a cost of $350 million. The twin 110-story towers housed 55,000 employees working for 350 firms. In 2000 Aric Darton authored "Divided We Stand," the story behind the building of the Trade Center; Angus Kress Gillespie authored "Twin Towers," a cultural history that also covered the engineering challenges overcome by architect Minoru Yamasaki.
Links: USA, NYC, Architect, World Record     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 May 3
Chicago's Sears Tower, the world's tallest building (443 m), topped out. Sears soon moved its headquarters to the Sears Tower. The building was designed by Bruce Graham (d.2010 at 84) of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. In 2009 the name of the structure was changed to Willis Tower as Willis Group Holdings, a London-based insurance broker, consolidated its area offices in the building.
Links: USA, Chicago, Architect, World Record     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Oct 20
Queen Elizabeth II opened the Sydney Opera House built on Bennelong Point. It was designed by Danish architect Joern Utzon and cost 102 million Australian dollars, 14 times the original estimate. Utzon left the project in 1966. In 2000 Utzon was named consulting architect and in 2003 was called back to redo the interiors.
Links: Australia, Britain, Opera, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Mar 17
Louis Kahn (1901), Estonia-born architect, died. His designs included the capital building of Bangladesh, completed in 1983. In 2004 his son Nathaniel Kahn directed the documentary film "My Architect: A Son's Journey."
Links: USA, Estonia, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1974 Apr 6
Willem Dudok (b.1884), Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), died.
Links: Netherlands, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
In New York the Solow Building was completed. The 50-floor building was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
Links: USA, NYC, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 May 11
Alvar Aalto (b.1898), Finnish architect, died. A show in 1998 featured his work and an accompanying book was published that covered his Nordic classicism of the 1920s to the completion of his Finlandia Hall in Helsinki in 1971.
Links: Finland, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jun 26
The CN Tower in Toronto, at this time the world’s tallest free-standing structure (553 meters), opened to the public.
Links: Canada, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
The Detroit Renaissance Center designed by John Portman was opened. It cost $357 million.
Links: USA, Michigan, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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