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1964
In San Francisco the 18-story tower at 180 Samsome was built. It was designed by architects Hertzka and Knowles.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1964
In San Francisco the Scottish Rite Masonic Center was completed at 2850 19th Ave. It was designed by architect Albert F. Roller.
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1965 Aug 27
Le Corbusier (b.1887), Swiss-French architect and writer, died in France. He was born as Charles Edouard Jeanneret-Gris in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. His book included books include “Vers une architecture” (Towards a New Architecture) (1923), “The City of Tomorrow” (1925), and “When the Cathedrals Were White” (1937). In 2014 Anthony flint authored “Modern man: The Life of Le Corbusier, Architect of Tomorrow.”
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1965
In SF 1 32-story condo tower at 999 Green St. was completed. It was designed by Tibor Fecskes for Joseph Eichler.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965
In San Francisco the 16-story building at 450 Sansome St. was built with a design by architect Richard Hadley.
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1965
In San Francisco Art Gensler founded his Gensler architectural firm. By 2014 it had become the world’s largest architectural practice with 46 offices in 14 countries.
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1966
Robert Venturi, architect, authored “Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.”
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1966
The Copan building in Sao Paulo, Brazil, designed Oscar Niemeyer (b.1907), was completed. Begun in 1953 the massive residential structure shaped like a wave became a South American landmark.
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1966
In Los Angeles the 19-story Century Plaza Hotel, designed by Minoru Yamasaki, was completed. In 2009 the National Trust for Historic Preservation placed it on its list of most endangered historic places.
Links: USA, California, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
In San Francisco the 43 story tower at 44 Montgomery St., designed by architect John Graham, was completed.
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1967
In Oakland, Ca., the 16-story Lakeside Regency Plaza was constructed at 1555 Lakeside Drive. It was designed by Michel Marx.
Links: USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Architects Doug Michels (1943-2003) and Chip Lord founded the Ant Farm in SF. In 1974 they created "Cadillac Ranch," a sculpture of 10 planted Cadillacs, in Amarillo, Texas. In 1975 they created the performance work "Media Burn," in which Michels drove a Cadillac through a pyramid of burning television sets. Ant Farm disbanded in 1978.
Links: Artist, USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Architect Henry Schubart (d.1998 at 81) moved his family to Salt Spring Island in British Columbia due to his opposition to the Vietnam War. He had designed the campus buildings of the Dominican College in Marin, Ca., the St. Louis Bertrand Church in Oakland and the Holy Names Church in SF among other works. In BC he introduced the use of skylights.
Links: Canada, USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
In Germany the Gallery of the Twentieth Century by architect Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) was dedicated in Berlin.
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1968
In San Francisco the 38 story building at One Post St., desige3nd by Welton Becket, was built.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1969 Jan 27
Transamerica Corp., under the leadership of John Beckett (1918-2010), announced its wish to build a 1,000-foot tower in San Francisco. Work on the 48-floor Pyramid, designed by architect William Pereira, began in December, 1969. The 853-foot tower was completed in 1972.
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1969 Jul 5
Walter Gropius (b.1883), architect, founder (Bauhaus school of design), died.
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1969 Aug 17
Mies van der Rohe (b.1886), German-born American architect, died. He founded the Int’l. Style and designed early steel-framed and glass-jacketed buildings. He coined the phrase: "Less is more."
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1969
Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), American architect and futurist, authored his "Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth."
Links: USA, Writer, Architect, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969
In Marin County, Ca., the Mill Valley Public Library was built. It was designed by Donn Emmons (d.1997 at 87).
Links: USA, Architect, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1969
Jim Bishop began building his castle in Rye, Colorado.
Links: USA, Colorado, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
The 580-room SF Holiday Inn at Fisherman’s Wharf, designed by Clement Chen Jr., a Shanghai native, was constructed. In 2005 it was renovated and re-flagged as a Hilton hotel.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971 Sep 8
The Kennedy Center, begun in 1964, officially opened in Washington, DC. A performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass was held there three days earlier. The $71 million structure was designed by Edward Durell. The cultural center was promoted at Kennedy’s request by Roger L. Stevens (1910-1998). Congress had designated it a national monument to Pres. Kennedy following his assassination.
Links: USA, Architect, DC, KennedyJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
The Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915-2004), was completed.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
In SF the Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption, designed by McSweeney, Ryan & Lee with Pietro Belluschi and Pier Luigi Nervi, opened at Gough and Geary.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1971
In SF the 46-story Hilton San Francisco, designed by John Carl Warnecke, opened at 333 O’Farrell St.
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1972 Nov
The $32 million Transamerica Pyramid building in San Francisco received its first tenant, a bank. The building was designed by William Pereira.
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1973 Apr 4
In NYC ribbon cutting ceremonies were held for World Trade Center, the highest building in the world. The World Trade Center was completed at a cost of $350 million. The twin 110-story towers housed 55,000 employees working for 350 firms. In 2000 Aric Darton authored "Divided We Stand," the story behind the building of the Trade Center; Angus Kress Gillespie authored "Twin Towers," a cultural history that also covered the engineering challenges overcome by architect Minoru Yamasaki.
Links: USA, NYC, Architect, World Record     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 May 3
Chicago's Sears Tower, the world's tallest building (443 m), topped out. Sears soon moved its headquarters to the Sears Tower. The building was designed by Bruce Graham (d.2010 at 84) of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. In 2009 the name of the structure was changed to Willis Tower as Willis Group Holdings, a London-based insurance broker, consolidated its area offices in the building.
Links: USA, Chicago, Architect, World Record     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973 Oct 20
Queen Elizabeth II opened the Sydney Opera House built on Bennelong Point. It was designed by Danish architect Joern Utzon and cost 102 million Australian dollars, 14 times the original estimate. Utzon left the project in 1966. In 2000 Utzon was named consulting architect and in 2003 was called back to redo the interiors.
Links: Australia, Britain, Opera, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1974 Mar 17
Louis Kahn (1901), Estonia-born architect, died. His designs included the capital building of Bangladesh, completed in 1983. In 2004 his son Nathaniel Kahn directed the documentary film "My Architect: A Son's Journey."
Links: USA, Estonia, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Apr 6
Willem Dudok (b.1884), Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), died.
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1974
In New York the Solow Building was completed. The 50-floor building was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
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1976 May 11
Alvar Aalto (b.1898), Finnish architect, died. A show in 1998 featured his work and an accompanying book was published that covered his Nordic classicism of the 1920s to the completion of his Finlandia Hall in Helsinki in 1971.
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1976 Jun 26
The CN Tower in Toronto, at this time the world’s tallest free-standing structure (553 meters), opened to the public.
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1976
The Detroit Renaissance Center designed by John Portman was opened. It cost $357 million.
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1977
The Georges Pompidou Center, designed by British architect Richard Rogers and Italian architect Renzo Piano, opened in Paris.
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1978 Jun 1
The East Wing of the national Gallery of Art designed by I.M. Pei (b.1917) was dedicated to the people of the US.
Links: Artist, USA, Architect, DC, Museums     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978
Lawrence Halprin, landscape architect, presented the winning design for a President Roosevelt memorial. The specs for the design included that the memorial last 5,000 years. Dedication of the memorial was in 1997. His initial 1974 proposal was accepted following the 1955 joint resolution of Congress to establish the memorial. In 1998 he published "The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial," a project history and photo-bio.
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1978
Norman Hammond co-authored “The Archeology of Afghanistan.”
Links: Architect, Afghan, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1979
Architect Christopher Alexander authored “The Timeless Way of Building”. This book, on the architecture of towns and buildings, has inspired a lot of software patterns work.
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1979
Sir Norman Foster, English architect, designed the 41-story Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank headquarters in Hong Kong.
Links: Britain, Hong Kong, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979
The Pritzker Prize, an Int’l. for award for Architecture, was begun by Jay Pritzker, founder of the Hyatt Hotel chain. The first winner was Philip Johnson for his Glass House in New Canaan, Conn.
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1980 Feb 14
Victor Gruen (b.1903), Austrian-born Jewish architect, died in Vienna. He was later considered the father of the modern shopping mall. In 2003 Jeffrey Hardwick authored "Mall Maker: Victor Gruen, Architect of an American Dream." His 1956 mall in Edina, Minn., the 1st enclosed mall, was designed as a center of community.
Links: USA, Architect, Biography, Retail     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
The Crystal Cathedral, designed by Philip Johnson, was completed in Garden Grove, Orange County, Ca., at a final cost of $17 million. The church originally began in 1955 as the Garden Grove Community Church under the Reverend Robert H. Schuller and his wife, Arvella. In 2009 the church under financial turmoil planned to sell $65 million of its Orange county property to pay off debt.
Links: USA, California, Architect, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1981 May 6
Yale architecture student Maya Ying Lin was named winner of a competition to design the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
Links: USA, Vietnam, Architect, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981 Jul 29
Robert Moses (b.1888), "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, and other suburbs, died. Moses shaped NYC from the 1930s to the 1960s using urban renewal projects to replace many lively neighborhoods that became barren and dangerous housing projects. In 1974 Robert Caro authored “The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York," a biography of Robert Moses.
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1981 Nov 18
Achilles G. Rizzoli (b.1896), SF architectural visionary, died. He created a 2,600 page illustrated philosophical tract. The first book on his art by Jo Farb Hernandez, John Beardsley and Roger Cardinal was published in 1997: "A.G. Rizzoli: Architect of Magnificent Visions." His apparent architectural drawings were "symbolizations" of people he knew.
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1981
In New Orleans the first part of One, Two and Three Lakeway was completed. Two was completed in 1984 and the 34-floor Three in 1987 by architects NY & Assoc.
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1982 Mar 26
Ground was broken in Washington D.C. for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial designed by Maya Lin of Yale. It was dedicated Nov 13.
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1982 Nov 13
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated after the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund had chosen Maya Ying Lin's design. Lin was an architecture student at Yale University when she submitted her proposal for the memorial, to be built in Washington D.C.'s Constitution Gardens as a tribute to those who served in the Vietnam War. In her proposal, shown above, Lin described "a long, polished, black stone wall, emerging from and receding into the earth," which would include the names of all the military personnel who had died or remained missing. According to Lin, "these names, seemingly infinite in number, [would] convey the sense of overwhelming numbers, while unifying these individuals into a whole.
Links: USA, Architect, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982
In SF the 48-story silo-shaped office tower at 101 California St., designed by Philip Johnson (1906-2004), was completed.
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1982
In San Francisco the 5-story Levi’s Plaza was built at 1155 Battery St. Architects included HOK and Richard Friedman.
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1983 Jul 1
Buckminster Fuller (87), visionary and inventor, died in LA. He dubbed our planet "Spaceship Earth." He was the creator of the geodesic dome and the dymaxion motor car. He founded the World Game Institute to help solve global problems through deployment of military resources.
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1983 Aug 18
Nikolaus Pevsner (b.1902, German-born British architectural researcher, died. His work included the 46 volume series “The Buildings of England” (1951-1974).
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1983
In Denver the 52-story One Norwest Center with its cash register crown was completed. The architects were Philip Johnson and John Burgee.
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1983
The IBM corporate headquarters at Madison and 57th Ave. in Manhattan, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915-2004), was completed.
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1984
In Miami the First Union Financial Center was completed. The 55-story building was designed by architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill.
Links: USA, Florida, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984
In Portland, Oregon, the PacWest Center was completed. The 29-floor building was designed by architects of Hugh Stubbins & Assoc.
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1984
SF voters approved Prop. K, which prohibited towers from casting new shadows on city parks.
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