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1926
In SF the 25-story Hunter-Dulin building at 111 Sutter St., designed by NY architects Schultze and Weaver, was built on the old site of the Lick Hotel. It was the only Chateauesque/Romanesque design in the city. Fiction detective Sam Spade had his office on the 6th floor.
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1926
In SF the 13-story Castle Apartments at 823-829 Geary St., designed by C.O. Clausen, were built.
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1926
The San Francisco Art Institute at 800 Chestnut St. was designed by Bakewell & Brown. An addition was built in 1970.
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1926
In San Francisco the 17 storey residential Crown Towers was built at 666 Post St. It was designed by J.C. Hladik.
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1927
In SF a 25-story high-rise was completed at 111 Sutter, the city’s 4th tallest building. It was designed for the Hunter-Dulin & Co. brokerage firm by Schultze & Weaver of NYC.
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1927
In SF the Russ Building, a 435-foot, 31-story skyscraper, was completed at 235 Montgomery Street. It was the tallest building in SF at this time and was designed by architect George Kelham.
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1927
In Germany the Frankfurt Kitchen was the 1st mass-produced fitted kitchen and was installed in thousands of Frankfurt flats.
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1927
John Hammes (1895-1953), a Wisconsin architect, invented the sink-connected garbage disposal. In 1938 he started the InSinkErator company, which later became a part of Emerson Electric Corp.
Links: USA, Technology, Food, Wisconsin, Architect, Inventor     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1927
In Germany Hannes Meyer succeeded Walter Gropius as director of the Bauhaus and continued to 1930.
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1927
The Hearst Gymnasium at UC Berkeley, designed by Julia Morgan and Bernard Maybeck, was completed.
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1928 Dec 10
Charles Rennie Mackintosh (b.1868), Scottish architect and designer, died. He designed the walls of Kate Cranston’s first tea rooms in Glasgow (1903). His watercolors included "The Rock" (1927).
Links: Artist, Scotland, Architect, Tea     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1928
Frank Lloyd Wright announced that he would establish his own school of architecture. He took in 60 students for $300 in tuition plus voluntary labor at his Taliesen homestead in Spring Green, Wisconsin. In 2006 Roger Friedland authored “The Fellowship,” an account of Wright and his students.
Links: USA, Wisconsin, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1929 Sep 4
SF’s largest parking garage opened in the 7 lower floors of the new 26-storey medical office building, designed by Miller and Pfleuger, at 450 Sutter St.
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1929
In SF the Shell Building was built at the 100 Bush and Battery. The 28-story Gothic Moderne structure was designed by George Kelham.
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1929
In San Francisco the 12-story Gaylord Apartment building at 620 Jones St. was completed. It was designed by H.C. Baumann.
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1929
In San Francisco the 4-story apartment building at 7700 Geary Blvd. was completed. It was designed by architect Herbert Baumann.
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1929
In San Francisco the 15-story Hotel Adagio, designed by architect Douglas Stone, was built at 550 Geary.
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1930 Mar 1
In San Francisco the 22 storey Clay-Jones Apartments, designed by architect Albert Larsen, opened at 1250 Jones St.
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1930
In San Francisco the 3-story Roosevelt Middle School, designed by Miller & Pflueger in the Dutch Expressionist style, was built at 460 Arguello.
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1930
In San Francisco a 28-story tower, designed by Miller and Pflueger and Lewis Hobart, was built at 100 McAllister St. It opened as a hotel atop a church. The federal government used it for offices during WWII. As of 2009 it contained apartments for UC Hastings Law College.
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1930
In Germany Mies van der Rohe succeeded Hannes Meyer as director of the Bauhaus and continued to 1933 when the Nazis shut it down.
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1930
In San Francisco the 19-story Cathedral Apartments, a residential tower designed by Weeks and Day, was built at 1201 California St.
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1930
In Czechoslovakia Villa Tugendhat, a Modernist masterpiece by legendary German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was completed in Brno. It was commissioned by Grete and Fritz Tugendhats, co-owners of wool factories and part of a large German-speaking Jewish community in the city. In 2012 a two-year, $9 million renovation was completed.
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1930
In San Francisco the 6-story building at 130 Montgomery St. was completed. The Art Moderne style was by architects O’Brien Bros. and Wilbur Peugh.
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1930
In San Francisco the Independent Order of Foresters built a 3-storey Art Deco building, designed by Harold Stoner, at 170 Valencia. In the 1970s it was converted to a Baha’i temple.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1931
In San Francisco Seals Stadium at 16th and Bryant streets, a $1.5 million single-deck cement structure, was designed by H.J. Brunnier. The baseball stadium had a public address system and lights for night games. It was also home to the Mission Reds until 1938. Seals Stadium was demolished in 1959.
Links: USA, SF, Baseball, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1931
In San Francisco the El Rey Theatre, designed by architect Timothy Pfleuger, was built at 1970 Ocean Ave. It closed in 1977 and the structure was taken over by a Pentecostal church.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1932
In San Francisco the Roman Catholic church St. Anne of the Sunset was built at 850 Judah St. It was designed in a Romanesque style by architects Shea & Lofquist.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1932
In San Francisco a series of homes were built on the 1500 block of 36th Avenue in the storybook style designed by architect Oliver Rousseau.
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1932
In San Francisco the 3-story, Art Deco style, telephone exchange building at 1930 Steiner, designed by E.V. Colby, was completed.
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1933 Apr 30
The 70-story RCA Building, later renamed the GE Building, opened to the public at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in NYC. A mural in the building by Diego Rivera that included a picture of Lenin was destroyed in Feb 1934. The “top of the Rock” observatory closed in 1986, but was re-opened in 2005.
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1933 Aug 23
Adolf Loos (b.1870), Austrian and Czech architect and influential European theorist of modern architecture, died in Vienna.
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1933 Dec
The US National Park Service began the Historic American Building Survey (HABS) after Charles E. Peterson of the National Park Service submitted a proposal for one thousand out-of-work architects to spend ten weeks documenting "America's antique buildings."
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1933
Yakov Chernikhov (d.1951) Russian architect, authored "101 Architectural Fantasies." His adventurous designs were poorly regarded by Soviet authorities and few of his buildings were constructed.
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1933
Harold Peto (b.1854), English architect and gardener, died. In 2007 Robin Halley authored “The Great Edwardian Gardens of Harold Peto.”
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1934 Aug 12
Hendrik Petrus Berlage (b.1856), the father of modern Dutch architecture, died at The Hague.
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1934 Oct 12
In San Francisco the new Coit Tower in Pioneer Park on Telegraph Hill opened to the public. At least 8 frescoes, painted by 27 artists employed by the WPA, were washed out and eliminated because they were “architecturally inharmonious.” The July 7 opening date had been cancelled due to controversy over the new frescoes. Victor Arnautoff (1896-1979), Russian-born social realist, was in charge.
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1934
Chicago’s Art Deco tower at 135 La Salle St. was built.
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1935
The Griffith Observatory opened in Los Angeles. It was donated to the city by Col. Griffith J. Griffith and designed by architects John C. Austin and F.M. Ashley. In 1976 it was designated a city historic-cultural monument. In 2002 it closed and re-opened in 2006 after a $93 million makeover.
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1935
A.G. Rizzoli, SF architectural visionary, created his work "Mrs. Geo. Powleson Symbolically Portrayed."
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1936
The 76,000 seat Berlin Olympic Stadium was designed by Albert Speer.
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1937 May 27
The newly completed Golden Gate Bridge connecting SF and Marin County, Calif., was opened to pedestrian traffic. The bridge was designed by Joseph Strauss (d.1938). Over 200,000 pedestrians walked across on opening day. The bridge towers stood a record 750 feet. In 2007 Frank Stahl and Daniel Mohn authored “The Golden Gate Bridge, Report of the Chief Engineer, Vol II.” They gave credit to engineer Charles Ellis of the Univ. of Illinois for much of the technical and theoretical work that went into the bridge. He was fired by Strauss before construction began.
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1938
In Romania Bran Castle, owned by Queen Marie, was bequeathed to her daughter Princess Ileana. In 1948 it was confiscated by the Communists. In 2006 the fabled “Dracula’s Castle” was transferred to Dominic van Hapsburg, a New York architect who inherited it from Princess Ileana.
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1938
Walter Gropius (1883-1969), German architect and Bauhaus founder, built his modern style Gropius House in Lincoln, Massachusetts. Gropius had fled Germany in 1934.
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1939 Jan
In SF the new bathhouse and Aquatic Park public space was dedicated. It was part of a WPA project. The bathhouse was designed by city architect William Mooser Jr. 35-foot speaker towers were included in the park. The Streamline Moderne design resembled a ship in its dock. It included a mural by Hilaire Hiler depicting the underwater world of Atlantis. In 1951 it was converted into the SF Maritime Museum. Renovation of the structure was completed in 2008.
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1940 Jun 29
Paul Klee (b.1879), Swiss-German painter, tutor (Modern Art), died in Switzerland. In 2005 the Klee Center, designed by Renzo Piano, opened in Bern.
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1940 Jul 1
The Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state opened to the public. The initial design by Clark Eldridge had been redesigned by NYC consultant Leo Moisseiff, who replaced a 25-foot deep stiffening truss with an 8-foot truss to reduce costs.
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1940 Nov 7
The middle section of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge in Washington state, nicknamed "Galloping Gertie," collapsed during a windstorm. In 1950 a new fortified bridge was built on the original piers.
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1941 Sep 11
Ground breaking ceremonies were held for the Pentagon. The 38-acre Pentagon was built in Arlington, Va., over the next 2 years. Construction was ordered by Brig. Gen. Brehon B. Sommervell to consolidate the 17 War Dept. buildings. It cost $83 million and was located on a plot known as Arlington Farms, that was bordered by 5 roads. In 2006 James Carroll authored “House of War: The Pentagon and the Disastrous Rise of American Power.”
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1942 Feb 17
Sidney Newsom (b.1877), California architect, died. He and his brother Noble created homes that recalled Spanish haciendas, English cottages, French chateaus and American colonial homesteads.
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1942
Nikolaus Pevsner (1902-1983), German-born British architectural researcher, authored “An Outline of European Architecture.”
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1945
Brainerd Jones (1869), Petaluma architect, died.
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1948
Francis J. Violich (1911-2005) and T. J. Kent, co-founders of Telesis, laid the groundwork for the creation of UC Berkeley’s Dept. of City and Regional Planning. With Telesis they tried to integrate principles of social activism into new approaches to city planning.
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1948
In San Francisco the new I. Magnin store at Geary and Stockton opened. It was designed by Timothy Pflueger.
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1949
In SF the V.C. Morris Gift Shop at 140 Maiden Lane was converted to the 2-story Circle Gallery Building by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. In 1979 it became the Xanadu Gallery.
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1949
In San Francisco the 3-storey Sailors’ Union building, designed by William Gladstone Merchant, was completed at 450 Harrison.
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1950 Oct 14
In Washington state westbound traffic opened on the new fortified bridge over the Tacoma Narrows. The new design was approved after a model passed wind tunnel tests designed by engineering Prof. Frederick Burt Farquharson.
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1951
In San Francisco the North Beach Place, a public housing project designed by Ernest Born (d.1992) and his wife Esther Born (d.1987), opened on both sides of the cable car turnaround at Taylor St. It was torn down in 2001.
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1952
In San Francisco the one-story US post office at 15 Onondaga Ave., designed by Fred Shaw, was built.
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1953 Sep 15
Eric Mendelsohn (b.1887), German-born Jewish expressionist architect, died. From 1941 he lived in the US and established himself in San Francisco. The Russell at 3778 Washington St. in SF is the only house he designed in SF.
Links: USA, SF, Architect     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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