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1963
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) was founded. It is the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
Links: Biology, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965 Jul 3
Trigger (25), the golden palomino horse of Roy Rogers, died. Trigger was mounted by Bishoff's Taxidermy of California and were on display for years at the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum in Victorville, California. The original Trigger is currently on display at The Roy Rogers - Dale Evans Museum in Branson, Missouri. In 2010 Trigger, along with his saddle, took top dollar at an auction of memorabilia.
Links: USA, Missouri, Animal, Horse, Film Star     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1965
Martin Seligman, psychologist, conducted experiments with dogs subjected to electric shock and found that they “learned helplessness” when unable to escape shocks.
Links: Animal, Psychology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966 Oct 15
US Congress passed the Endangered Species Preservation Act. It was expanded in 1973 as the Endangered Species Act. The Devils Hole Pupfish of Death Valley were among the first species protected. By 1972 only 124 remained. By 2007 only 42 were left. The count reached 75 in 2013.
Links: USA, Environment, Animal, Fish     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
Dennis Weaver (1924-2006) starred with a black bear in the TV series “Gentle Ben.”
Links: USA, TV, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1967
Peru and 3 other countries in South America banned trade in vicuna, a relative of the llama, after numbers had severely dwindled. A CITES ban followed in 1975.
Links: Peru, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Garrett Hardin (1915-2003), ecologist, wrote his classic essay: "The Tragedy of the Commons." He explained how herdsmen with an incentive to add animals will overgraze common pastureland. It spawned the "save the whales" animal-protection movement.
Links: USA, Environment, Animal, Sociology     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Scientists crossed the Pacific oyster with the Kumamoto oyster and produced the Gigomoto oyster. They had hoped for a cross that would have the best traits of both oysters but instead produced a cross with the worst traits of both oysters.
Links: USA, Animal, BioTech     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968
Open air testing of chemical weapons at the US Army Dugway Proving Grounds in the Utah desert caused the deaths of some 3,600 [6,400] sheep in an adjacent valley.
Links: USA, Utah, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969
Peru’s government banned the trade of vicuna fleece as hunters drove the animals close to extinction.
Links: Peru, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1969
1971
Yellowstone Park officials attempted to force grizzly bears to return to a wild diet. 220 bears, unable to quit junk food, were shot and killed during this period.
Links: USA, Animal, Montana     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970 Dec 24
A US Animal Welfare Act was passed expanding the list of animals covered by the 1966 Animal Welfare Act. It included guidelines for the use and care of laboratory animals.
Links: USA, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
Theodore Geisel (aka Dr. Seuss) painted "A Plethora of Cats."
Links: Artist, USA, Writer, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
The US sent a 5-dolphin team to Vietnam to guard the Army munitions pier at Cam Ranh Bay. The dolphins were in Vietnam for 6 months and the pier remained safe. It was blown up after they left.
Links: USA, Vietnam, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
The shooting of tigers was banned in India.
Links: India, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1971 Nov 18
The US federal Airborne-Hunting Act prohibited shooting animals from planes without license.
Links: USA, Guns, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1971
M. Goffart wrote the standard book on sloths: "Function and Form in the Sloth."
Links: Animal, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Apr 16
The Republic of China presented two Pandas to the US National Zoo: Hsing-Hsing (d.1999) and Ling-Ling. Ling-Ling died in 1992.
Links: USA, China, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Jul 10
During an extended drought a herd of stampeding elephants killed 24 in the Chandka Forest of India.
Links: India, Animal, Drought     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Aug 9
The pesticide Compound 1080, or sodium fluoroacetate, was banned as of this day by the EPA. It had been used against coyotes but other animals were dying from its use. It was reinstated in 1985 for use in livestock protection collars. DDT was banned.
Links: USA, Environment, Chemistry, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972 Oct 21
The US Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted. Prof. Kenneth Norris (d.1998 at 74) helped write the legislation.
Links: USA, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972 Oct 23
The US Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 became law.
Links: USA, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1972
India enacted a Wildlife Protection Act. It banned the hunting of tigers, the capture and sale of bears (dancing bears) as well as the catching of snakes. In 2001 animal performances on the streets were banned. Snake charmers felt their livelihood threatened.
Links: India, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973
The Alaskan 1,159 mile Iditarod dog-sled race was first run in commemoration of the 1925 dog-sled relay for diphtheria vaccine to Nome.
Links: USA, Alaska, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1973
India began Project Tiger and established a network of tiger reserves. Under Indira Gandhi 9 national parks were set aside to protect tigers. 14 more were later added. By 2010 the tiger population dropped to 1,400 from 40,000 a century earlier.
Links: India, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1973
In Uganda some 14,300 elephants were in the Murchison Falls National Park at this time. By 1980 only 1,400 were left.
Links: Uganda, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
Cleveland Amory authored "Man Kind," a seminal book on his work with animals.
Links: USA, Animal, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 May 23
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the sale of turtles with shells that measured less than four inches in length. The turtles were identified as major carriers of salmonella bacterium and had been widely sold as pets for kids.
Links: USA, Animal, FDA     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975 Jul 28
The US Dept of Interior designated the grizzly bear a threatened species in the lower 48 states under the US Endangered Species Act. Most of the bears in the lower US lived in and around Yellowstone National Park in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming.
Links: USA, , Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
Peter Singer authored "Animal Liberation," in which he argued that the life of a person is not necessarily more valuable than that of an animal.
Links: USA, Animal, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1975
The Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, Ca., began treating marine mammals rescued along the California coast.
Links: USA, Animal, SF Bay Area     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Nov 9
Smokey the Bear (26) died at the Washington DC National Zoo.
Links: USA, Animal, DC     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
A.I. Dagg and J.B. Foster published "The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behavior and Ecology."
Links: USA, Animal, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
Rabbits were imported to Iceland from Spain about this time. Some were later released into the wild and began to compete with the native puffin birds, which breed in burrows.
Links: Spain, Iceland, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
The wolves of Italy received official protection.
Links: Italy, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1976
Malcolm Douglas (1941-2010), Australia's original TV crocodile hunter, shot to fame with the production of his first documentary, "Across The Top." He had trekked across Australia's harsh hinterland filming his encounters with poisonous snakes and ferocious reptiles.
Links: Australia, TV, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
The UN Convention on Int’l. Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) imposed a ban on the trade of rhino horn. By the mid-1990s 90% of the world’s rhinos had disappeared.
Links: UN, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977
The Endangered Species Act (1973) listed the California sea otter as threatened. Their numbers increased slowly until 1995 and then dropped again.
Links: USA, California, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977
Kenya banned all hunting. Over the next 20 years a half to a third of the wildlife still disappeared.
Links: Kenya, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978
Peter Matthiessen wrote "The Snow Leopard." It was about the precarious status of the leopard and won a National Book Award.
Links: USA, Writer, Animal, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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1978
Safari West began as a private wildlife sanctuary for breeding, education and research. In 1989 Peter Nancy Lang bought the 400-acre Sonoma, Ca., property and later introduced tours and small-group excursions.
Links: USA, California, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1978
In California elk were reintroduced to Tomales Point with a herd of 10.
Links: USA, California, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979 Sep 19
The Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats was signed. It became effective as of June 1, 1982.
Links: EU, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979
In Namibia Nick (d.2001) and Marieta van der Merwe began taking in injured animals on their 100,000 acre cattle farm. They later turned the farm into a trust called the Harnas Wildlife Foundation (www.harnas.de/en).
Links: Animal, Namibia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Aug 17
In Australia Lindy Chamberlain’s 9-week baby, Azaria, was allegedly dragged away from a family campsite at Uluru, or Ayers Rock, by a dingo. The body was never found and Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton and ex-husband Michael Chamberlain were both convicted for the death but later exonerated in a case which made global headlines. She was released after 4 years and the Meryl Streep film "A Cry in the Dark" was based on her story. In 2012 a 4th coroner inquest ruled that a dingo was responsible for the infant’s death.
Links: Australia, Tragedy, Animal, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1980
Arab nations in the Persian Gulf set a minimum age of 15 for camel jockeys.
Links: Qatar, Animal, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
In Namibia the Harnas Wild Animal Foundation was begun by Nick and Mariet van der Merwes.
Links: Animal, Namibia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
In Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda, some 1,400 elephants were left from an estimated count of 14,300 in 1973. No rhinos were known to remain in the park.
Links: Uganda, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
1989
During the 1980s American zoo elephants began to be trained to paint using acrylics on canvas. In 1998 Ruby in Phoenix generated over $100,000 for the zoo.
Links: Artist, USA, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
1989
In Romania a huge building spree by Nicolae Ceausescu leveled entire neighborhoods in Bucharest and left a large number of stray dogs roaming the streets. Their number reached 100-200,000 in 1997.
Links: Romania, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
International Red Cross
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1981
In Wyoming a rancher found a solitary enclave of the black-footed ferret. The prairie-dg-eating member of the weasel family had been thought to be extinct. Plans in 2013 called for boosting the ferret count to 3,000 across its 12-state historic range.
Links: USA, Animal, Wyoming     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jan
The cow named Ubre Blanca (10), crossed from a Holstein and a Zebu, produced 241 pounds of milk in a single day. The town of Nueva Geron, Cuba, erected a marble statue for her after her death in 1985.
Links: Cuba, Food, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Jun 1
The Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats came into effect.
Links: EU, Environment, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Nov 25
Pike (Pee-ka) the polar bear was born at the SF Zoo on Thanksgiving.
Links: USA, SF, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982
Ten goats were abandoned on Ecuador’s Galapagos Isabella Island and by 2002 increased to over 100,000.
Links: Ecuador, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1982
In Nepal Elephant polo began under the direction of Jim Edwards, a jungle safari organizer.
Links: Nepal, Animal, Games     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982
Zimbabwe granted landowners proprietorship over wildlife and allowed hunting. Since then the elephant population has increased from 40 to 50 thousand.
Links: Zimbabwe, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982
Efforts to breed captive oryx and release them back into the Arabian Peninsula, the only place this species is found, began in Oman in 1982, a decade after the last one was apparently shot in the wild. By 2011 about 1,000 of the wild Arabian or White Oryx thrived owing to nearly three decades of successful breeding.
Links: Saudi Arabia, Animal, Oman     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1983
Zoo officials in Kazakhstan reportedly claimed that a teenage elephant named Batyr could reproduce Russian to utter 20 phrases, including "Batyr is good." But there was no scientific study on the claim.
Links: Kazakhstan, Animal, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984
Rabbit Calicivirus Disease was 1st discovered among rabbits in China. It appeared in the US for the 1st time in 2000.
Links: China, Microbiology, Animal     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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