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1993 Dec 15
In Geneva, 117 countries completed the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, agreeing on a reform package intended to jump-start the global economy.
Links: Switzerland, WTO, Economics     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Jan 1
The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect. Under the system a complaint is referred to a panel of experts who debate it and render a decision. The losing nation must then change its practices or offer compensation to the injured nations. Members who refuse to comply can be subjected to trade retaliation, such as tariffs to their exports. It was run out of Geneva by Renato "Rocky" Ruggiero. GATT gave poorer countries 10 years to strengthen their drug-patent laws and a similar period for the US to lift its textile quotas. The World Trade Organization (WTO), founded as the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), a relatively weak regulator of intíl. trade, was a product of the Uruguay Round of negotiations (1986-1994). In 2000 John R. MacArthur authored "The Selling of "Free Trade:" NAFTA, Washington, and the Subversion of American Democracy." In 2004 David Bacon authored "The Children NAFTA: Labor Wars on the US/Mexico Border.
Links: WTO, Patent     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 15
Ministers from 109 countries signed a 26,000-page world trade agreement known as the "Uruguay Round" accords in Marrakesh, Morocco. The TRIPS agreement (Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights), negotiated in the 1986-1994 Uruguay Round of the WTO, enabled governments to allow generic drugmakers to produce patented medicines.
Links: Morocco, WTO, Economics     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995
The World Trade Organization was created as a successor to GATT, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. [see Jan 1, 1994] The Agreement on Textiles (ATC) was part of the WTO.
Links: WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995
Brazil joined the World Trade organization (WTO) and accepted intíl. intellectual property rules.
Links: Brazil, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1996 Dec 12
An accord to abolish tariffs on high tech goods was reached in Singapore at the WTO meeting. The Information Technology Agreement to abolish import duties on high-tech equipment would be in effect from Jul 1, 1997 to Jan 1, 2000.
Links: Singapore, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Dec 13
Trade ministers from 28 countries meeting in Singapore endorsed a U.S.-crafted trade pact to abolish import duties on computers, software and other high-tech products.
Links: Singapore, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 29
Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: Mongolia, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Apr 11
The EU postponed for 6 months a WTO case that charged the US with unfair trade practices.
Links: USA, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 5
The World Trade Organization (WTO) rejected American claims that the Fuji film company had conspired with the Japanese government to keep Eastman Kodak products out of Japan.
Links: USA, Japan, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Dec 12
Negotiators in Geneva for the World Trade Organization (WTO) signed an accord to open up the banking and insurance sectors of some 70 member countries to foreign competition.
Links: Switzerland, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Oct 12
An American law protecting sea turtles was overturned by an appeals panel of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: USA, Environment, Animal, WTO, Reptile     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Jan 25
The US planned to notify the World Trade Organization (WTO) that it planned sanctions on the European Union and 100% tariffs on a wide range of products due to a dispute over EU banana import laws.
Links: USA, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Feb 24
Latvia became the first Baltic state to be a full member of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: Latvia, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Apr 6
Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji began a 9-day, 6-city US visit in Los Angeles. He planned to gain support for China's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: USA, China, California, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1999 Apr 8
Pres. Clinton and Premier Zhu Rongji of China made some trade agreements but did not agree on China's entry into the WTO. Premier Zhu Rongji promised to cooperate in investigations of alleged nuclear-weapons spying and illegal campaign contributions by Beijing.
Links: USA, China, WTO, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Apr 9
The Clinton administration set $191.4 million worth of European products on a sanction list. The figure was the estimated amount of lost sales by American banana companies due to European import restrictions as ruled by the WTO.
Links: USA, EU, WTO, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Jul 22
The WTO agreed to a job-sharing deal with New Zealand Premier Mike Moore serving as director-general for 3 years followed by Supachai Panitchpakdi of Thailand.
Links: Thailand, New Zealand, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Sep 9
China and the US agreed to reopen negotiations for China's entry into the WTO.
Links: USA, China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Sep 11
Chinaís Pres. Jiang and Pres. Clinton agreed to restart WTO talks during the New Zealand economic summit.
Links: China, WTO, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1999 Nov 15
In Beijing, China, US and Chinese trade negotiators agreed to a pact for China to join the WTO. Charlene Barshefsky and Shi Guangsheng reached a deal that was similar to the one the US rejected in April. Details of the plan were made public Mar 14, 2000.
Links: USA, China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Nov 30
In Seattle riot police struggled with at least 40,000 protestors who forced the World Trade Organization to cancel the opening session of a 3-day 135-nation trade summit meeting. Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency and a night curfew and Gov. Gary Locke called in some 200 unarmed National Guard.
Links: USA, Washington, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Dec 1
The WTO met in Seattle for global trade talks to be known as the Seattle Round. A massive "mobilization against globalization" was also planned by activists. The 134-nation WTO began meeting in Seattle for a round of global trade talks under the proposed names "Millennium Round" or "Clinton Round." The purpose of the talks was to reduce tariffs and subsidies and to open markets. The last Uruguay Round lasted for nearly 8 years. Pres. Clinton spoke and urged the WTO to listen to the demands of protestors. Clinton defended his administrationís policies in the face of sometimes violent street demonstrations. Thousands demonstrated on labor and environmental issues and hundreds were arrested.
Links: USA, Washington, WTO, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Dec 2
Relative calm took over in Seattle, where a meeting of the World Trade Organization was greeted earlier with sometimes violent demonstrations.
Links: Washington, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Dec 3
The WTO negotiations in Seattle collapsed with no agreement reached on an agenda for talks.
Links: USA, Washington, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1999 Dec 5
AFL-CIO chief John Sweeney welcomed the collapse of World Trade Organization talks in Seattle and the failure to agree on a new round of negotiations, telling CBSí "Face the Nation," "No deal is better than a bad deal."
Links: USA, Labor, Washington, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Jan 27
Pres. Clinton gave his last State of the Union address. His proposals included a $250 billion tax cut; tough gun control measures; expanded tax breaks for vaccine development; new education spending; and approval of the China WTO accord. Clinton proposed a $350 billion tax cut, big spending increases for schools and health care and photo ID licenses for handgun purchases in his final State of the Union address.
Links: USA, China, Taxes, WTO, ClintonB, Education     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Apr 9
Some 10-30 thousand protesters began gathering in Washington DC for the meeting of the WTO.
Links: IMF, World Bank, WTO, DC     More  Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 May 19
China and the European Union reached a market-opening trade deal, clearing Beijingís largest remaining hurdle to joining the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: China, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Jun 23
The Cotonou Agreement, a treaty between the European Union and the group of African, Caribbean and Pacific states (ACP countries), was signed in in Cotonou, the largest city in Benin, by 79 ACP countries and the then fifteen Member States of the EU. It entered into force in 2002 and is the latest agreement in the history of ACP-EU Development Cooperation. As of Dec 31, 2007, the Cotonou Agreement ceased to be legal under the rules of the WTO.
Links: Benin, EU, Africa, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2000 Sep 19
The US Senate voted 83-15 to end trade restrictions on China. The vote also removed a fiscal obstacle to Beijingís 14-year drive to join the WTO.
Links: USA, China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000
The Byrd amendment authorized that money collected from anti-dumping tariffs be disbursed to US companies hit by unfairly, low-priced imports. In 2004 the WTO ruled this a violation of its rules.
Links: USA, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 May 10
In Hong Kong at the Fortune Global Forum Bill Clinton urged that China be admitted to the WTO.
Links: China, Hong Kong, WTO, ClintonB     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jun 9
China and the United States announced an agreement on farm subsidies and other remaining issues blocking Beijing's bid to join the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Links: USA, China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Sep 27
The WTO issued a blueprint for a new round of talks scheduled for Nov 9 in Qatar. It called for concessions from the US, EU and Japan in opening markets for textiles, steel and agriculture.
Links: Qatar, USA, Japan, EU, WTO, Agriculture     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
2001 Nov 9
A WTO meeting was scheduled to start in Qatar.
Links: Qatar, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Nov 10
China officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its membership. The protocol became effective on Dec 11, 2001.
Links: Qatar, China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Nov 11
Taiwan officially joined the WTO after ministers in Qatar approved its member-ship.
Links: Qatar, China, Taiwan, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Nov 14
In Doha, Qatar, 142 nations agreed to launch a new round of world trade (WTO) talks in negotiations that went 24 hours past the scheduled end. The centerpiece of the round was freer trade in farm goods.
Links: Qatar, WTO, Agriculture     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Dec 11
Chinaís entry to the World Trade Organization (WTO), approved in Qatar on Nov 10, became effective.
Links: China, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2002 Jan 14
The World Trade Organization (WTO) decided the European Union could ask for punitive tariffs on U.S. imports.
Links: USA, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Aug 30
The WTO ruled that the EU can impose $4 billion in penalties on the US because of an American tax break that promotes exports. The EU planned to give the US time to change the law.
Links: USA, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Nov 14
In Sydney, Australia, some 1,000 protesters demonstrated against globalization and a possible war with Iraq, and blocked downtown intersections in defiance of a ban on mass street gatherings imposed for a two-day mini-summit of the World Trade Organization.
Links: Australia, Iraq, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Jul 11
The World Trade Organization ruled that heavy duties on steel imports imposed by the United States violated global trade rules.
Links: USA, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Aug 30
The World Trade Organization agreed to let impoverished nations import cheaper copies of patented medicines needed to fight killer diseases.
Links: WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2003 Sep 10
In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO began its fifth ministerial meeting, with trade ministers from every country expected to attend a five-day gathering to thrash out many problems surrounding the latest "round" of trade liberalization talks.
Links: Mexico, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Sep 14
In Cancun, Mexico, the WTO talks collapsed when delegates from Africa, the Caribbean and Asia walked out accusing wealthy nations of failing to offer sufficient compromises on agriculture and other issues.
Links: Mexico, WTO, Agriculture     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Nov 10
A World Trade Organization panel upheld a ruling that U.S. duties on steel imports were illegal.
Links: USA, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 May 21
The European Union confirmed its backing for Russia to join the World Trade Organization, and Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow in turn would speed up ratification of the troubled Kyoto accord on global warming.
Links: Russia, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Jul 31
World Trade negotiators in Geneva broke months of deadlock and put together a framework for the rest of the Doha trade round.
Links: Switzerland, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2004 Aug 1
World Trade Organization members meeting in Geneva approved a plan to end export subsidies on farm products and cut import duties across the world.
Links: Switzerland, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Aug 31
The WTO ruled that the Byrd amendment of 2000 is a violation of its trade rules. The amendment authorized that money collected from anti-dumping tariffs be disbursed to US companies hit by unfairly, low-priced imports.
Links: USA, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Oct 15
The World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled that the European Union had broken international trade rules by subsidizing sugar producers.
Links: EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Nov 10
A WTO dispute panel published its decision that old American laws prohibiting gambling over wires that cross state lines violate global trade rules for the services sector.
Links: USA, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2004 Nov 26
The World Trade Organization gave final approval to the EU, Japan and others to hit the US with an initial $150 million in trade sanctions in a row over the 2000 Byrd amendment, an illegal anti-dumping law. Penalties on US exports ranged from apples to textiles.
Links: USA, Japan, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
2004 Dec 26
India issued a presidential decree to bring its patent laws into compliance with commitments under the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement.
Links: India, WTO, Patent     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Feb 24
In Slovakia Pres. Bush and Russian Pres. Vladimir Putin sought common ground on keeping conventional and nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists. The US and Russia agreed to enhance nuclear security cooperation and to try to complete negotiations on Russia's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year.
Links: Russia, USA, Slovakia, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Mar 31
The EU head office said it will seek to impose additional sanctions of up to 15 percent on US products to punish Washington for failing to repeal an antidumping law ruled illegal by the World Trade Organization.
Links: USA, EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 May 26
Pascal Lamy, former European Union trade chief, was named next head of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and immediately vowed to steer struggling free trade talks to a successful end. He was selected on May 13.
Links: EU, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 May 26
The WTO agreed to allow Iran to open talks to join the body that governs international commerce, a day after Iranian nuclear negotiators renewed Tehran's vow to refrain from developing atomic weapons.
Links: Iran, WTO     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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