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1963 Jan 13
Togo’s first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was killed by a military junta led by Gngassigbe Eyadema (29). Eyadama suspended the constitution and instituted direct military rule. Nicholas Grunitzky succeeded Olympio. Gnassingbe went on to become the country's military dictator, ruling for nearly four decades during which time he celebrated the day of Olympio's assassination as a national holiday.
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1975 Feb 28
The EU signed another trade deal in Lome, Togo, to keep markets open to former European colonies in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific Islands (ACP).
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1975 May 25
ECOWAS Treaty1 was signed. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in Nigeria with 15 members that included: Benin, Cape Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Upper Volta (later Burkina Faso).

Links: Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Nigeria, Gambia, Guinea, ECOWAS, Cape Verde     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1975
The EU signed another trade deal in Lome, Togo, to keep markets open to former European colonies in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific Islands (ACP).
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1991
1993
In Togo a democracy movement was suppressed, strikes ruined the economy and the infrastructure deteriorated.
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1993
In Togo Pres. Gnassinghe Eyadema conducted an election that was so riddled with fraud that the opposition refused to compete.
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1993
European donors suspended most aid to Togo.
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1994
In Togo legislative elections were marked by army violence and intimidation.
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1996 Dec 10
The US refused to provide aid to Togo because of endemic corruption and repression but France has resumed a major aid program.
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1998 Jun 21
Elections were held in Togo. When returns showed Pres. Eyadama trailing one of his generals took over the ballot counting. Soldiers killed hundreds. Vote counting stopped, and Eyadema was declared winner.
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1998 Jun 24
In Togo thousands protested the declared victory of Pres. Gngassigbe Eyadema, who has ruled over the last 31 years. EU observers declared that the electoral process was flawed.
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1998 Jun 26
In the Ivory Coast Alioune Blondin Beye, a diplomat from Mali, crashed in a small plane near Abidjan. He had just met with Togo Pres. Gnassigbe Eyadema to support peace talks in Angola. Three other passengers were Koffi Adjovi of Togo, journalist Moktar Gueye of Senegal, and Baendegar Dessandre of Chad.
Links: Ivory Coast, Mali, Senegal, Togo, Chad, Air Crash     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Apr 26
Foday Sankoh, Sierra Leone rebel leader, offered a cease-fire following a meeting with his commanders in Togo.
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1999 Jul 7
Pres. Ahmed Tejan Kabbah of Sierra Leone signed a peace accord with rebel leader Foday Sankoh in Togo. Sankoh was given the vice-presidency and the rebels were promised 4 ministerial and 4 deputy ministerial posts.
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1999 Dec 26
In the Ivory Coast Pres. Henri Konan Bedie fled with his family to Lome, Togo, following the military coup.
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2000 Mar
Pres. Blaise Compaore of Burkina Faso and Gnassingbe Eyadema of Togo were reported to have helped Jonas Savimbi of UNITA obtain arms and fuel in exchange for diamonds.
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2000 Jul 10
In Togo UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan opened a summit conference of the Organization of African Unity.
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2000 Jul 12
In Togo 36 African heads of state signed a draft treaty seen as a step toward an African Union.
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2002 Oct 27
Togo held parliamentary elections that were boycotted by major opposition parties but contested by 14 smaller groups.
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2003 Jan 13
Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, celebrated 36 years in power Monday with a military parade, a display derided by opposition groups as "a sheer waste of time."
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2003 Jun 1
Togo's Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Africa's longest reigning ruler, faced elections. Togo's per capita income fell from $600 in the 1980s to less than $300 in 2003.
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2003 Jun 3
In Togo security forces arrested opposition leaders and beat their followers, moving out in force to quell protests of an election the military ruler claimed to be winning.
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2003 Jun 4
Togo President Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema, was declared winner of questioned presidential elections.
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2004 Sep 15
Eight French speaking African countries began retiring over 1 billion in decaying currency with new CFA francs. Benin, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo had until Dec 31 to turn in old bills for new ones.
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2004 Nov 20
In Togo at least 13 people died and others were injured in a crush at a demonstration to welcome an improvement in relations with the EU.
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2005 Feb 5
Togo’s Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema (69) died of a heart attack. The military quickly announced that his son would replaced him as head of state. The constitution called for the speaker of parliament to succeed the president in the event of his death.
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2005 Feb 6
The African Union accused military commanders in Togo of taking advantage of the death of the country's longtime leader to stage a coup and raised the possibility that its 53 members will not recognize the West African nation's new government.
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2005 Feb 7
Faure Gnassingbe was sworn in as president of Togo, two days after the death of his father.
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2005 Feb 8
In Lome, Togo, a strike called by opposition parties shut down the capital’s main market and other businesses.
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2005 Feb 9
Faure Gnassingbe, Togo's new president, addressed the nation for the first time since succeeding his father. He offered talks with the exiled opposition and promised general elections as soon as possible.
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2005 Feb 10
Togo turned away a plane carrying Nigerian peacemakers, drawing threats of sanctions and accusations from Nigeria that it was blocking efforts to resolve a crisis widely condemned as a military coup.
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2005 Feb 12
In Togo thousands of demonstrators clashed with riot police in the capital for a 2nd day, protesting against the recent army-appointed president. 3 people were reportedly killed and dozens wounded when police fired at demonstrators.
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2005 Feb 14
Togo police in riot gear faced off with crowds who blocked roads and intimidated residents during a general strike to protest the army's installation of Faure Gnassingbe to succeed his late father as president.
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2005 Feb 21
Togo Lawmakers amended the constitution to allow for elections within 60 days, but left the West African nation's military-appointed ruler in power in the interim despite intensifying pressure at home and abroad.
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2005 Feb 25
In Togo Faure Gnassingbe, whose predecessor — his father — had been Africa's longest-serving leader, stepped down as a result of almost unprecedented African resolve against an old-style coup d'etat.
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2005 Feb 26
Togo’s Congress named deputy speaker Bonfoh Abbass as interim president until nationwide elections can be held in the coming months.
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2005 Feb 27
Togo demonstrators protested against the new president, lighting flaming barricades in the capital's streets and throwing rocks at riot police who fired tear gas to keep crowds from moving toward government buildings. They claimed the position should have gone to the parliament speaker, a ruling-party loyalist, who was fired after he refused to return to the country in the early days of the crisis.
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2005 Apr 24
Voters lined up across Togo to choose a new president, hoping to establish democracy after the tiny West African nation was thrown into months of political turmoil by the death of Africa's longest-serving ruler.
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2005 Apr 26
Togo’s ballot results showed Faure Gnassingbe, the son of Togo's longtime dictator, won 60 percent of the vote. Opposition supporters upset by the results built flaming barricades in the capital and threw stones at passing cars.
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2005 Apr 27
Opposition supporters protesting the presidential election victory by the son of Togo's longtime dictator threw Molotov cocktails and rocks during street clashes with security forces in the capital, leaving at least six people dead and some foreign embassies damaged.
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2005 May 19
The leaders of Togo's bitterly divided ruling and opposition parties, meeting in Nigeria, failed to agree on a power-sharing deal to end a bloody post-election crisis.
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2005 Jun 3
The US accused 14 nations of failing to do enough to stop the modern-day slave trade in prostitutes, child sex workers and forced laborers. The countries included Bolivia, Cambodia, Cuba, Ecuador, Jamaica, Kuwait, Myanmar, North Korea, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Togo the United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela.
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2005 Sep 26
The UN high commissioner for human rights said at least 400 and as many as 500 people were killed in political violence in Togo since the Feb 5 death of Pres. Gnassingbe Eyadema, and security forces were mostly to blame.
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2006 Jul 11
A survey, sponsored by the German development agency GTZ, reported that breast ironing, the use of hard or heated objects or other substances to try to stunt breast growth in girls, is widespread in Cameroon. The age-old practice was said to be traditional in West and Central Africa, including Chad, Togo, Benin, Guinea-Conakry, just to name a few.
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2006 Sep 16
Togo's Pres. Faure Gnassingbe named Yawovi Agboyibo (63), an opposition party leader, as prime minister, bringing the nation one step closer to long-delayed parliamentary elections.
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2006 Dec 28
Togo became one of few African countries to legalize abortion if the pregnancy is the result of rape or an incestuous relationship.
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2007 Feb 8
Benin, Nigeria, and Togo formed a new regional body aimed at fast-tracking the integration of their economies. The body, known as the Co-Prosperity Alliance Zone (COPAZ), was formally inaugurated following a mini-summit of Nigeria’s President Olusegun Obasanjo, Benin’s President Boni Yayi and Togo’s President Faure Gnassingbe.
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2007 Mar 23
The United Nations said nearly 800 people have died after a meningitis epidemic spread from Burkina Faso to eight other western African countries since the start of the year. Benin, Chad, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Togo have also been affected to differing degrees.
Links: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Togo, Chad, UN, Ghana, Microbiology, Nigeria     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2007 Jun 27
Officials said independent tests carried out in Italy have confirmed the presence for the first time of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu in poultry from Togo. Several thousand poultry birds have been found dead in Togo recently, most of them in the past week on the one farm in Sigbehoue.
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2007 Aug 11
Togo national television said 3 new cases of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu have been detected in poultry on farms in Sigbehoue, 45 kilometers east of the capital.
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2007 Sep 21
The Red Cross warned that a massive aid effort is needed to cope with floods in 18 countries across Africa that have already affected at least 1.5 million people and killed at least 270 in Ghana, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Uganda and other countries.
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2007 Oct 14
Togolese voted in legislative elections that no opposition members boycotted for the first time in nearly a decade, a hopeful sign for democracy in this West African nation that has been ruled by one family for 40 years.
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2008 Sep 5
Togo’s PM Komla Mally unexpectedly resigned after less than a year in office.
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2008 Sep 9
Togo’s Health Ministry said an outbreak of bird flu has been confirmed for the first time since last year.
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2008 Dec 7
Former Central African Republic president Ange-Felix Patasse arrived in Bangui after 5 years in exile in Togo to participate in long-delayed peace talks in the troubled country.
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2009 Jan 15
Togo agreed to extradite to the US Solano Cortez Jorge, an alleged druglord from Colombia, who was arrested trying to smuggle hundreds of pounds (kilograms) of cocaine through this West African nation last year.
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2009 Feb 27
The UN Children's Fund said 53 million children are being targeted by a mass immunization drive against polio in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Togo. Some 844 polio cases were reported in the 8 countries in 2008, 95% of them in Nigeria.
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2009 Apr
In Togo former defense minister Kpatcha Gnassingbe was arrested for being the alleged mastermind of a coup plot against his half-brother. His house was raided by elite troops in an operation that led to a bloody gunfight. In 2011 the two half-brothers of President Faure Gnassingbe and 30 others appeared in court over the alleged coup plot. On Sep 15 a Togo court sentenced former defense minister Kpatcha Gnassingbe, Gen. Assani Tidjani and Abi Atti to 20 years each for their role in the plot.
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2010 Jan 8
In Angola hooded gunmen sprayed the Togo soccer team’s bus with gunfire as it traveled through the restive northern Cabinda enclave. The bus driver was killed and 7 others were injured. The attack was claimed by the separatist Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC), which has been fighting for decades for the independence of the oil-rich territory. The next day media officer Stanislas Ocloo and assistant coach Amalete Abalo died from their wounds. Virgilio Santos, an official with the African Nations Cup local organizing committee COCAN, said teams had been told explicitly not to travel to the tournament by road.
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2010 Jan 9
Togo's national soccer team, devastated by a shooting attack on its bus in Angola that killed at least 3 and left 8 gravely injured, withdrew from the African Cup of Nations.
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