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624
628
Several Jewish clans in the Arabian peninsula joined forces with an Arab tribe, the Quraysh, to make war on a renegade Qurayshi named Mohammad, who claimed he was a prophet of God.
Links: Israel, Jews, Saudi Arabia, Arab, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
749 Dec 4
John of Damascus (b.~676), a Christian Arab theologian, died at the Mar Saba monastery near Jerusalem. He is considered "the last of the Fathers" of the Eastern Orthodox church and is best known for his strong defense of icons.
Links: Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
751
The Chinese army was beaten by the Arabs of the Abassid Caliphate at the Battle of Talas (Kyrgyzstan). Chinese prisoners soon taught Arabs the technology for making paper.
Links: Kyrgyzstan, China, Technology, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
800
1000
At the beginning of the ninth century, Arabian merchants frequented Lithuania to purchase fine furs, beeswax and precious amber. Brisk trading between Arabians and Lithuanians went on for about two hundred years.
Links: Lithuania, Money, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1012
The Arabian trade with Europe abruptly ceased and no more Cufic coins streamed into Europe.
Links: EU, Lithuania, Money, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1141 Sep 8
Battle of Samarkand (Uzbekistan): Yelutashi defeated Islams.
Links: Uzbekistan, Arab, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1185
Arab traveler Ibn Jubayr (1145-1217) returned to Granada after travelling to Medina, Mecca Damascus, Mosul, Acre and Baghdad at Basra he saw how Indian timber was carefully used to make Lateen sail ships, returning in 1185 by way of Sicily. His path was not without troubles, including a shipwreck. On both occasions he travelled on Genoese ships.
Links: Iraq, Spain, Syria, Sicily, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1217 Nov 29
Arab traveler Ibn Jubayr (b.1145) died in Alexandria. His travel chronicle describes the pilgrimage he made to Mecca from 1183 to 1185, in the years preceding the Third Crusade.
Links: Egypt, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1328 Sep 26
Taqi ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah (b.1263), a Sunni Islamic scholar born in Harran, located in what is now Turkey, died. He lived in Damascus during the troubled times of the Mongol invasions. As a member of the school founded by Ibn Hanbal, he sought the return of Islam to its sources: the Qur'an and the Sunnah. He had adopted the notion of takfir, denouncing as apostates Muslims whom he deemed wayward, a crime punishable by death.
Links: Turkey, Syria, Arab, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1516 Aug 24
At the Battle of Marj Dabik, north of Aleppo, the Turks beat Syria. Suliman I (Selim the Grim), the Ottoman Sultan, routed the Mamelukes (Egypt) with the support of artillery capturing Aleppo and Damascus. This opened the way to 400 years of Ottoman Turkish rule over most of the Arab world.
Links: Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1791
Wahid Bihbihani (b.~1704), Shiite scholar and founder of the most dominant form of Shiism, died about this time in Karbala (Iraq). He revived and refashioned the waning Usuli school of Shiism.
Links: Iraq, , Arab, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1800
About this time an Arab nomadic tribe settled in the southern Israeli desert of Negev. The Al-Sayyid community that developed there grew with a high incidence of profound deafness due to a recessive gene. The village developed a sign language in response that came to be called the Al-Sayyid Bedouin Sign Language (ABSL). In 2007 Margalit Fox authored “Signs and Wonders,” which told the Al-Sayyid story as part of a history of linguistics and sign language in American and the world.
Links: Israel, Arab, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1837
Reverend George Bush published “The Life of Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam and of the Empire of the Saracens.” It described the Prophet as an "imposter" and Muslims as "locusts." In 2005 Egyptian newspapers announced that the highest authority in Sunni Islam had approved publication of the book. In 2005 the US administration said the author was "a distant relative of the current president, five generations removed.
Links: USA, Egypt, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1837
Ahmad Ibn Idris (b.1760), Sufi scholar active in Morocco, the Hejaz, Egypt, and Yemen, died in Sabya, Yemen, later part of Saudi Arabia. His main concern was the revivification of the sunna or practice of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
Links: Yemen, Arab, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1885
Richard Burton, British adventurer and linguist, published his translation of “The Thousand and One Nights.” The 1835 Cairene manuscripts formed the cornerstone of the canonical version of the fluid text.
Links: Britain, Egypt, Arab, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1916 Jun 10
Mecca, under control of the Turks, fell to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt. Sharif Hussein, Arab Emir of Mecca, led the revolt.
Links: Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1916 Oct
T.E. Lawrence (of Arabia) met with Faisal Hussain for the 1st time.
Links: Britain, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1916 Nov
T.E. Lawrence was assigned as the British liaison to Arab Prince Faisal Hussain.
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1917 Jul 2
An Arab army led by Feisal Hussein and Bedouin chief Auda Abu Taiya fought Turkish forces at Akaba killing 300 and capturing 160 Turkish soldiers.
Links: Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1918 Sep 27
Arab forces attacked and seized Deraa (Jordan).
Links: Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1918 Oct 1
The main Arab force entered Damascus (Syria).
Links: Syria, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1918
Arab Prince Faisal (1885-1933), aka Feisal, took control of Syria.
Links: Syria, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1925
Khuzestan, an autonomous Arab emirate once known as Arabistan, was annexed by the British-backed shah of Iran. The area, inhabited by the Ahwazi Arabs, was rich in oil and by 2006 produced about 90% of Iran’s oil.
Links: Oil, Iran, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1936 Apr 15
A number of cars on the road between Tulkarm and Nablus were held up by Arab highwaymen. After the armed robbers had removed valuables from the occupants of the cars, three Jews were forced to sit together in a truck where they were shot by the bandits in cold blood. One was killed outright and another died later from his injuries.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1936 Oct 10
The Arab Higher Committee issued a manifesto to end riots in Palestine. The committee had been formed in opposition to growing Jewish immigration into Palestine.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1936 Nov 11
A British Royal Commission arrived in Palestine to investigate the the underlying cause of the anti-Jewish riots. The Arab Higher Committee called a boycott of the commission’s inquiry.
Links: Britain, Israel, Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1938
The BBC began its first foreign language service, an Arabic radio service.
Links: Britain, Radio, Arab, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1956 Jun 22
The battle for Algiers began as three buildings in Casbah were blown up. France under PM Guy Mollet resolved to put down the Arab uprising and put 400,000 soldiers in Algiers.
Links: Algeria, France, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1967 Jun 6
An Arab oil embargo began one day after the beginning of the Arab-Israeli Six-Day War, with a joint Arab decision to deter any countries from supporting Israel militarily.
Links: Oil, Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Mar 17
Arab oil ministers, with the exception of Libya, announced the end the oil embargo on the US.
Links: USA, Oil, Libya, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1974 Oct 30
An Arab summit in Rabat, Jordon, decided that King Hussein would no longer speak for the Palestinians and named the PLO under Yasir Arafat as the sole, legitimate representative.
Links: Palestine, Jordan, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Nov 20
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to address Israel's parliament.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Feb 2
Reports surfaced that the FBI had conducted a sting operation targeting members of Congress using phoney Arab businessmen in what became known as "Abscam," a codename protested by Arab-Americans.
Links: USA, FBI, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980
Arab nations in the Persian Gulf set a minimum age of 15 for camel jockeys.
Links: Qatar, Animal, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1981
Geoffrey de Ste. Croix (1910-2000), British Marxist historian, authored "The Class Struggle in the Ancient World, From the Archaic Age to the Arab Conquests."
Links: Britain, Historian, Arab, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1987
In France the Monde Arabe (The Arab World Institute) was opened in Paris. The building at 1 Rue des Fosses Saint-Bernard was designed by Jean Nouvel.
Links: France, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1989
1990
During a border war with Senegal, tens of thousands of black Mauritanians, from high ranking civil servants to herdsmen, were accused of being Senegalese, rounded up and deported.
Links: Senegal, Africa, Mauritania, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Sep 5
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein urged Arabs to rise up in a Holy War against the West and former allies who had turned against him.
Links: Iraq, USA, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991 Jan 2
European, Soviet and Arab officials pushed for talks to avert war with Iraq.
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1993 Jan 17
Albert Hourani (b.1915), British academic of Lebanese origin, died. His books included “A History of the Arab Peoples” (1991).
Links: Britain, Historian, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1995 Sep
In Israel Adel Kaadan, an Arab with Israeli citizenship, filed suit when he was not allowed to move into a Jewish cooperative at Katsir.
Links: Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jun 22
At their first summit in six years, Arab leaders meeting in Cairo, Egypt, urged Israel to prove its commitment to peace by resuming negotiations without delay.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Nov
The independent Arab Al-Jazeera TV news network began operating as the 1st all-news Arabic satellite channel from Doha, Qatar. It was financed by Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, emir of Qatar. In 2002 Mohammed El-Nawawy and Adel Iskandar authored "Al-Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Network Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East."
Links: Qatar, TV, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jan 27
Israeli soldiers removed 45 Bedouin families of the Jahalin Bedouin tribe from land east of Jerusalem that they had occupied for decades due to the expansion of the Maale Adumim Jewish settlement.
Links: Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Mar 13
The UN General Assembly voted 130 to 2 for Israel to abandon its plan to build new Jewish housing on Arab land.
Links: UN, Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1998 Apr 2
In Israel three Arab homes were demolished in the Bedouin village of Suweij. Clashes with Israeli police occurred over the next few days as the Arabs attempted to rebuild their homes.
Links: Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 May 13
In Israel a 6th Arab victim of stabbing died in Jerusalem. A serial stabber in the Orthodox Edah Heredit community had stabbed 5 victims since Feb., all of whom survived. A religious court of the community, which rejects the official state of Israel, ruled that its followers should inform police whatever they know about the attacks.
Links: Israel, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Nov 12
Eight Arab states declared that Iraq would be held responsible for any consequences from its stopping the work of UN arms inspectors.
Links: Iraq, UN, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998
Fouad Ajami (b.1945 in Lebanon) authored "The Dream Palace of the Arabs." It describes the emergence and collapse of the Arab enlightenment following WW I.
Links: Writer, Lebanon, Arab, Books     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998
Samih Toukan founded Maktoob in Amman, Jordan, a software firm dedicated to replacing English with Arabic in e-mail systems. Maktoob.com was the world’s 1st Arab language Web site. In 2000 the firm received a $2.5 million cash injection from an Egyptian investment bank and launched the first Arabic e-mail.
Links: Egypt, Jordan, Internet, Arab, Language     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1999
Qatari women were allowed to vote and stand as candidates for municipal councils for the 1st time.
Links: Qatar, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Oct 21
Fifteen Arab leaders met in Cairo for a 2-day summit, their first summit in four years. They condemned Israel for violence and made proposals to deal with Israel. The Libyan delegation walked out, angry over signs the summit would stop short of calling for breaking ties with Israel.
Links: Libya, Egypt, Israel, Arab, Summit     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Oct 22
Arab nations demanded a UN war crimes tribunal for Israelis responsible for Palestinian deaths and formally ended economic cooperation with Israel. Ehud Barak suspended Israeli participation in the peace process. He called for a "timeout" to decide whether negotiations can be salvaged. Arab leaders meeting in Egypt wrapped up a two-day summit on Israeli-Palestinian violence with a declaration that stopped short of an outright call for cutting ties with Israel.
Links: Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Nov 18
Some 2000 women from 19 Arab countries met in Cairo to push for improved status in their male-dominated societies.
Links: Egypt, Women, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000
Amos Gitai, Israeli film maker, directed “Kippur,” a drama about the 1973 Arab-Israeli conflict.
Links: Israel, Arab, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2000
2001
Israeli and Arab hackers vandalized and crashed each others’ websites over a 4-month period. Attacks also occurred against telecom films supplying internet connections.
Links: Israel, Internet, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Mar 28
In Jordan an Arab summit convened. Delegates had already approved a draft resolution for the UN to allow Baghdad to fund the Palestinian uprising.
Links: Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Oct 10
The 56-member Organization of Islamic Conference, called by Iran, issued a communique that sidestepped US action in Afghanistan: "The conference rejected the targeting of any Islamic or Arab state under the pretext of fighting terrorism."
Links: USA, Iran, Arab, Afghan, Islam     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Apr 12
Arab militant groups including Hezbollah, Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood issued a manifesto declaring that Arab governments had betrayed the Palestinians and called holy war "the religious duty of every Muslim."
Links: Palestine, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002
Egypt expelled Amr Khaled, a Muslim minister, for attracting large crowds at Cairo mosques. Khaled moved to the US and beamed TV programs to Egypt and the rest of the Arab world. His broadcast aired on Iqra, a Saudi-owned religious satellite channel and he spoke out against terrorism and despair.
Links: Egypt, TV, Saudi Arabia, Arab     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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