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800000 BC
The Haleakala shield volcano on Maui, Hawaii, appeared about this time.
Links: Volcano, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1728 Oct 27
Captain James Cook (d.1779), explorer, was born in a small village near Middlesbrough, Yorkshire. His discoveries included the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).
Links: Britain, Hawaii, Explorer     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1758
Hawaii’s King Kamehameha was born on the big island about this time.
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1810 Apr
In Hawaii Kaumualiʻi, king of Kauai became a vassal of King Kamehameha I (c.1736-1810), who therefore emerged as the sole sovereign of the unified Hawaiian islands.
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1815
Henry Opukahaia became the first Hawaiian to convert to Christianity. He had left Hawaii for Connecticut in 1808 but died before he could return. His conversion spurred the Protestant missionaries to come to Hawaii in 1820.
Links: USA, Connecticut, Hawaii, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1818 Aug
The frigate La Argentina, commanded by privateer Hipolito Bouchard, arrived in Hawaii. There he acquired a 280-ton corvette called the Santa Rosa de Chacabuco, whose crew had mutinied and sold her to the king of Hawaii.
Links: Argentina, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1818 Oct 25
Argentine privateer Frenchman Hipolito Bouchard aboard La Argentina and Englishman Peter Corney in command of the Santa Rosa set sail from Hawaii for Alta California with 360 men and 52 canons.
Links: Argentina, California, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1819
Hawaii’s King Kamehameha II abolished the brutal kapu system of laws. Temples and sacred sites associated with the system began to fall into disrepair. Queen Kaahumanu, helped overturn the kapu belief system by sharing a meal with Kamehameha II following the death of King Kamehameha.
Links: Women, Hawaii, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1823
The first New England missionaries arrived on Maui.
Links: USA, Hawaii, Religion     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1835 Sep 13
Ladd & Co. began the 1st sugar cane plantation in Hawaii.
Links: Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1845
Makawao on the island of Maui became the first place in Hawaii where commoners could own land. This quickly led to vast sugarcane plantations and ranches served by shops on Baldwin Avenue.
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1848
Hawaii’s King Kamehameha III instituted Western-style land ownership. Of 13 land divisions 5 were awarded to chiefs who had supported the king’s father in unifying the Hawaiian island group. 8 were retained by the government or king.
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1862
Walter Murray Gibson arrived at Lanai, Ha., to reorganize a Mormon colony and bought one chief-owned plot for the church. Gibson was later excommunicated for keeping the property in his name. He later bought other chief-owned lands and leased property for sheep and goat ranching.
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1866 Jan 6
In Hawaii the first leprosy patients arrived at the new leper settlement of Kalawao on the east side of Molokai’s Makanalua Peninsula. It was established by King Kamehameha V.
Links: Belgium, Microbiology, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1866
Mark Twain, dispatched to Hawaii for the Sacramento Union, wrote some 25 letters for the paper at $20 per letter.
Links: USA, California, Writer, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1868 Apr 3
An earthquake estimated at magnitude 7.9 hit the Big Island of Hawaii. 46 people were killed in the resulting tsunami at Keauhou and 31 died in a landslide at Kapapala.
Links: Earthquake, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1873 May 10
Belgian priest Joseph de Veuster (d.1889), aka Father Damien, arrived on Molokai, Hawaii, to tend the spiritual needs of the lepers. The Catholic priest spent his life ministering to the lepers and built homes, churches and moved the whole colony to a more sheltered area. Damien was beatified in 1995. The settlement peaked at about 1200. A film about him was shot in 1998 with Peter O’Toole and Kris Kristofferson.
Links: Belgium, Medical, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1874
King David Kalakaua built the Kalakaua Cottage on Maui, Hawaii. It later became the tasting room for Tedeschi Vineyards.
Links: Wine, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1881
William H. Purvis introduced macadamia nuts to Hawaii.
Links: USA, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1882
In Hawaii King David Kalakaua built the Iolani Palace.
Links: USA, Hawaii, Real Estate     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1883
Kamehameha Schools were established under the will of a Hawaiian princess to educate the children of Hawaii. In 2005 a federal appeals court ruled that restricting the schools to only native Hawaiians amounts to unlawful racial discrimination.
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1888
Walter Murray Gibson died and left his Lanai, Ha., property to his daughter and son-in-law, Frederick Hayselden, who started a sugarcane operation, which went bankrupt.
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1889 Apr 15
Rev. Damien de Veuster (b.1840), Belgian priest who ministered to leprosy patients in Hawaii, died of leprosy. In 2009 Pope Benedict XVI set his canonization date for Oct 11, 2009. He was beatified in 1995 after the Vatican declared that the 1987 recovery of a nun of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary was a miracle. Audrey Toguchi recovered from lung cancer in 1999 after praying to Damien.
Links: Belgium, Vatican, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1897 Jun 16
The US government signed a treaty of annexation with Hawaii. The US Congress annexed Hawaii--without a vote from the Hawaiian people. Nearly 22,000 native Hawaiians had signed a petition opposing the annexation.
Links: USA, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1899
The Matson shipping line began using 266-foot square-rigger Falls of Clyde, built in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1878, to haul molasses to California and return back to Hawaii with kerosene. This continued until 1922 when the ship was demasted and sent to Alaska, where it became a floating fuel dock. In 1963 enthusiasts towed the ship back to Hawaii, where it later came under the ownership of the Bishop Museum. In 2008 new owners hoped to save an renovate the ship.
Links: USA, SF, Alaska, Ship, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1900 Jan 2
The cargo steamship Australia arrived in San Francisco at the end of a voyage from Hawaii. Plague was known to have already hit Honolulu and rats aboard the ship carried the disease. Wong Chut King became the city’s first victim when he was found dead at the Globe Hotel at Jackson and DuPont (later Grant Ave.). A short term rope quarantine was created around the 6-by-2 block area of Chinatown.
Links: USA, Microbiology, SF, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1902
Charles and Louisa Gay purchased a portion of the Gibson-Hayselden estate on Lanai, Ha., and within a few years became owners of most of the island. The Gays transitioned the ranches to cattle and mortgaged the property to William G. Irwin and Co. When Gay ran into financial trouble Irwin and partners foreclosed, took over the island and formed the Lanai Co.
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1906
In Hawaii the Kohala Ditch, a massive irrigation system, opened on the Big Island. Seventeen workers from Japan died during its construction.
Links: USA, Japan, Labor, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1909 Feb 3
Pres. Theodore Roosevelt signed Executive Order 1019 which established a bird sanctuary of some of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.
Links: USA, Environment, Hawaii, RooseveltT, Birds     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1916
HAVO was established as Hawaii National Park as the 16th national park in the US and its territories. The park on Hawaii Island later became known as Hawaii Volcanoes National Park.
Links: USA, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1917
Frank and Harry Baldwin, sons of missionaries from Maui, Ha., acquired Lanai Island from the Lanai Co.
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1918 Aug 9
Mother Marianne Cope (b.1838), a nun from Utica, New York, died in Kalaupapa, Hawaii. She had cared for lepers exiled to the Kalaupapa Peninsula. In 2012 she was named a saint in the Catholic church.
Links: USA, Hawaii, Saint     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1922
James Dole, a Boston businessman, bought 98% of Lanai Island, Ha., from the Baldwins for $1.1 million and planted 16,000 acres of pineapple. Dole built Lanai City, a harbor, infrastructure and brought in workers from China, Japan and the Philippines.
Links: USA, Massachusetts, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1925 May
Lee Morse (1897-1954), US jazz and blues singer and songwriter, recorded her hit song Ukulele Lady. Her most popular years were in the 1920s and early 1930s, although her career began around 1917 and continued until her death.
Links: USA, Blues, Jazz, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1925
Ernest Van Tassel leases 75 acres on Round Top in Honolulu (Nut Ridge) and began a macadamia nut orchard, Hawaii's first macadamia nut farm.
Links: USA, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1929
Ernest Van Tassel negotiates with Bishop Estate to obtain 100 acres of land in Keahoe Mauka for planting more than 7000 macadamia nut trees resulting in the first macadamia nut farm on the island of Hawaii.
Links: USA, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1931 Apr 27
Hawaii recorded a record 100 degrees in Pahala.
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1931
Ernest Van Tassel establishes a macadamia nut processing factory on Puhukaina Street in Kakaako; nuts sold as Van's macadamia nuts.
Links: USA, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1935
In Australia cane toads (Bufo marinus) from Hawaii were introduced to wipe out beetles that were devastating Queensland's sugar cane industry. The beetles survived and the toads became a pest and a threat to the native quolls, small spotted marsupials. On March 28, 2009, a festive mass killing of the creatures began as “Toad Day Out.” The corpses were turned into fertilizer for the very farmers who've battled the pests for years.
Links: Australia, Food, Animal, Hawaii, Agriculture     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1936
The Kamehameha Garment Co. was founded in Hawaii.
Links: Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1944 May 21
In Hawaii the tank landing ship LST-353 exploded at West Loch while handling ammunition. In a short space of time, six LSTs were so damaged that they sank. Two others were severely damaged. The total casualties from the tragedy were 163 dead and 396 injured.
Links: USA, Tragedy, Hawaii, WWII     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1944 Oct 19
The US Army 442nd Regiment, composed of Japanese-Americans, fought their way into Bruyeres, France. It included the 100th Battalion of Japanese-Americans from Hawaii.
Links: USA, France, Japan, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1946 Apr 1
Two large earthquakes shook the Scotch Cap Lighthouse on Unimak Island, Alaska. A resulting tsunami washed away the lighthouse. The Aleutian Islands earthquake also triggered a Pacific-wide tsunami that killed 165 people and caused over $26 million in damages. Tidal waves struck the Hawaiian islands, resulting in more than 170 deaths. 91 people were killed in Hilo.
Links: USA, Earthquake, Alaska, Disaster, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1946
The US Agricultural Marketing Act of this year established grade standards for fruits and vegetables including peanuts.
Links: USA, Food, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1949
The US started a rudimentary tsunami warning program at Ewa Beach, Honolulu.
Links: USA, Earthquake, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1953
Bud Browne (1912-2008), completed his first surf film, “Hawaiian Surfing Movies,” in Santa Monica, Ca. He was later considered the father of surf films.
Links: California, Hawaii, Film     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1955 Oct 26
Over 2,500 Masons, gathered in SF for the 106th meeting of the Grand Lodge of California and Hawaii, attended ground-breaking ceremonies for a $5.5 million Memorial Masonic Temple at California and Taylor streets.
Links: California, SF, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958 Mar
Charles D. Keeling (1928-2005) installed a gas analyzer on the slopes of Mauna Loa, Hawaii. It gave a reading of 314 ppm for carbon dioxide. It was part of the International Geophysical Year project and the carbon dioxide research was under Keeling. The atmospheric chemist had begun monitoring the pure air at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and the South Pole. Subsequent CO2 readings indicated climbed steadily and became known as the Keeling Curve. After one year of gathering data it was clear that the whole planet has an annual cycle for photosynthesis and respiration that is visible by measuring carbon dioxide concentration. [See 1988]. 50 years later the CO2 reading was about 387 parts per million.
Links: USA, Environment, Antarctica, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1959 Mar 12
The US House joined the Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii.
Links: USA, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1960 Nov 8
Hawaiians voted for the first time in a US presidential election. John Kennedy beat Richard Nixon by a margin of 2115 votes.
Links: USA, Hawaii, KennedyJ     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1961
Castle & Cooke bought out Dole’s operations on Lanai, Ha. In 1973 it unveiled plans to transition Lanai from pineapples to luxury resorts.
Links: M&A, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1966
In Hawaii Aloha Friday, a tradition of wearing Hawaiian fashion, became official.
Links: USA, Fashion, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Sep 26
Hawaii Five-O premiered on CBS TV and continued to 1980. It starred Jack Lord (d.1998 at 77) and was the longest running police show in TV history. Its theme song was "Walk Don’t Run" by the Ventures. Lord (born as John Joseph Patrick Ryan) was a painter off TV and his canvasses sold privately for top dollar.
Links: USA, TV, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Jan 14
An explosion on the US carrier Enterprise, 75 miles from Hawaii, resulted in 28 dead and over 300 injured.
Links: USA, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974 Aug 26
Charles Lindbergh (72), the first man to fly solo, nonstop across the Atlantic, died at his home in Hawaii. Lindbergh had 3 illegitimate children in Germany with Brigitte Hesshaimer, a Munich hat maker. In 1998 A. Scott Berg authored "Lindbergh." Earlier Lindbergh's daughter authored her memoir "Under a Wing."
Links: USA, Aviation, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1974
The South course for golf at Kaanapali on Maui was designed by Arthur Snyder.
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1976 May 1
Kawika Kapahulehua (d.2007 at 76), leading a 15-man crew on a double-hulled canoe with sails, departed Hawaii to Tahiti. Organizer and anthropologist Ben Finney wanted to prove the trip was possible. They reached Tahiti after 34 days despite issues of ethnicity raised by part of the crew. Mau Piailug (1932-2010), Micronesian master navigator, steered the Hokule’a (Star of Gladness) by the stars, the feel of the wind and the look of the sea.
Links: Polynesia, Hawaii, Micronesia     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976 Jul 13
The Green Peace 500-ton James Bay, a converted Canadian minesweeper, set out from the SF Bay to thwart Japanese and Russian whale hunters in Hawaiian water.
Links: Russia, Japan, SF Bay Area, Whales, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1976
Patrick Quesnel rowed from Washington state to Hawaii. In 2008 Roz Savage became the first woman to row solo from SF to Oahu completing the trip in 99 days.
Links: USA, Washington, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1977 Sep 13
Kilauea volcano began erupting in Hawaii.
Links: USA, Volcano, Hawaii     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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