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600 BC
700 BC
The Dragon Lord of the Lac, from whom all Vietnamese are said to be descended, served as protector of the Hung kingdom.
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380 BC
700
The site at Tra Kieu, Vietnam, is believed to be Simhapura, the former capital of an Indianized Cham kingdom.
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110 BC
The Han Dynasty subsumed northern Vietnam into imperial China about this time.
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100 BC
1500
In Vietnam the city of Hoi An was the principal port of the seafaring Champa kingdom, that embraced Indian culture. The kingdom withstood attacks from the Chinese, Vietnamese, Khmers and Mongols. Archaeological study in Hoi An in the 1990s proved that more than 2000 years ago Hoi An was an embryonic port town of the Sa Huynh people. From the 2nd to the 15th centuries, Hoi An was the main port of the Champa Kingdom. In these centuries, Hoi An became a prosperous commercial port town, very well developed and famous in Asia.
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600
700
Hoi An was a port site of the Cham kingdoms of central Vietnam.
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939
Vietnam King Ngo Quyen (897-944) routed the Chinese in northern Vietnam and renamed the territory Dai Viet (Greater Viet).
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1010
King Ly Thai To's decided to move Vietnam's capital 62 miles (100 km) north to Hanoi, then called Thang Long.
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1075
The Jiaozhi (Vietnam) launched a war against China, with a force of some 100,000 surrounding Yongzhou (the southern region of Nanning). It was captured after a siege of 42 days.
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1167
Genghis Khan (d.1227) was born in the Hentiyn Nuruu mountains north of Ulan Bator in the early 1160's (it has been argued between 1162 and 1167, but recently agreement has been made for 1167), the son of the Kiyat-Borjigid chieftain Yisugei. His given name was Temujin, "the ironsmith," and he seized control over much of 5 million square miles that covered China, Iran, Iraq, Burma, Vietnam, and most of Korea and Russia. His efforts in Vietnam were not successful. "In Search of Genghis Khan" is a book by Tim Severin. He was succeeded by his son Ogedai, who was succeeded by Guyuk. Ogedai ignored numerous pleas from his brother Chaghatai to cut down on his drinking and died of alcoholism as did Guyuk.
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1400
1500
The Vietnamese from the north pushed the Chams south and opened the port of Hoi An to foreign traders.
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1400
1500
Porcelain from this period was recovered from a sunken ship in the South China Sea in 1999. 10% of the 150,000 pieces were kept by the Vietnamese government and the rest was scheduled for auction on eBay.
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1400
1600
Hoi An, Vietnam, flourished at the end of the 2nd Cham (Vijaya) Empire of this time. It attracted Japanese, then Portuguese, Dutch and Chinese merchants.
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1426
Vietnam provided a defeated Chinese army with boats and horses to carry home its soldiers.
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1450
Legend has it that in the mid-15th century Vietnam, King Le Loi defeated Chinese invaders with a magic sword given to him by the gods. After the victory, the king was said to be boating on the lake when a giant golden turtle rose to the surface and grabbed the sword in its mouth before plunging deep into the water to return it to its divine owners. The lake was later renamed "Ho Hoan Kiem," which means "Lake of the Returned Sword."
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1598
A party of Iberian conquistadors overthrew the Cambodian king and set themselves up as governors in the Mekong delta.
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1644
Many Chinese mandarins fled to the port of Hoi An, Vietnam, when the Ming Dynasty was overthrown. Hoi An at this time was known as Faifo.
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1788 Jul 20
The governor of the French colony of Pondicherry, Vietnam, abandoned plans to place King Nhuyen Anh back on the throne.
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1800
1820
The classic love poem "The Tale of Kieu" was written in Vietnam.
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1800
1900
The main river channel at Hoi An, Vietnam, shifted toward Danang and made navigation by deep-draft ships difficult, and thus lost its commercial importance. A new port was built on the Han River at Da Nang.
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1802
Emperor Gia Long, born as Nguyen Phuc An, took over Hue and established it as the capital of Vietnam. Its palaces, tombs and monuments are located along the banks of the Perfume River.
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1813
1820
The classic Vietnamese love poem "The Tale of Kieu" was written by Nguyen Du (1766-1820). It was based on an earlier Chinese novel entitled "The story of Kim-Van-Kieu ", written by an author under the pen-name of "Thanh-Tam Tai-Nhan" in the 16th or the early 17th century.
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1820
Nguyen Du (b.1766), author of “The Tale of Kieu,” died. His Vietnamese epic tells the story of woman who sells herself into prostitution to pay off her father’s debt.
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1844
Bishop Dominique Lefevre, a Catholic missionary and French citizen, engaged in a plot with other priests to overthrow Thieu Tri, the emperor of Cochin China (later Vietnam). Lefevre was imprisoned and condemned to death.
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1845 May 10
During a celebrated round-the-world tour in 1844-46, the USS Constitution dropped anchor in the bay outside of Tourane, Cochin China (later part of Vietnam). While there, Bishop Dominique Lefevre, an imprisoned French missionary, requested the assistance of the ship's captain, "Mad Jack" Percival. The Americans attempted to negotiate with the Cochin Chinese, to no avail. Frustrated, they set sail from Cochin and continued on their course on May 26 without further word about or from the missionary, who was eventually retrieved by his own countrymen.
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1859
1954
The colonial period of Vietnam.
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1860
The 1st French gendarmes arrived in Vietnam.
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1862
The French established their first colonial base of Cochin-China, a region encompassing the southern third of current Vietnam.
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1866
French colonial officials sent an expedition to explore the Mekong River (Cambodia) and check its commercial potential.
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1873
A French expeditionary force in Vietnam sacked Hanoi's citadel.
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1882 Apr 25
French commander Henri Riviere seized the citadel of Hanoi. Capt. Henri Reviere was later beheaded after he attempted to seize the coal deposits at Ha long Bay. The outraged French proceeded to colonize Vietnam.
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1882 Sep 3
The French, Vietnamese and Chinese battled at Hanoi, 100s died.
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1884 Jun 23
A Chinese Army defeated the French at Bacle, Indochina.
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1885
In Vietnam the Dong Ba market of Hue, located outside the Citadel’s Chanh Dong gate, burned down. It reopened two years later and in 1889 was moved to a new location.
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1890 May 19
Ho Chi Minh, revolutionist and leader of North Vietnam (1946-1969), was born. He fought the Japanese, French and United States to gain independence for his country.
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1893
French colonialists seized control of Laos and tried to turn the Mekong River into a thoroughfare linking their Indochina colonies.
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1893
Vietnam’s highland town of Dalat was founded as a retreat from the tropical coast.
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1894
Prince Henri d’Orleans (1822-1897) published a book of his journey through France’s empire. His account soured over the northern coastline of Vietnam, where red tape interfered with exploitation of the area’s coal reserves. In 1897 Emile Roux authored “Searching for the Sources of the Irrawaddy: With Prince Henri D'Orleans from Hanoi to Calcutta Overland (1895-1896).”
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1901 Jan 3
Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnamese president (1955-63), was born.
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1909
1993
Nguyen Gia Tri, Vietnamese artist, worked using the laborious lacquer on wood technique.
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1910
The French built a railroad line to link Haiphong, Vietnam, to Kunming, the capital of China's Yunnan province.
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1911 Oct 14
Le Duc Tho (d.1990), North Vietnamese representative at Paris peace talk (1970-72), was born. He declined the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.
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1911
The Hanoi Opera House in Vietnam was designed by the French.
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1912
1913
Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969), later revolutionary head of Vietnam, lived in the US and worked as a baker at the Parker House Hotel in Boston.
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1913 Oct 22
Bo Dai, last emperor of Vietnam, was born.
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1919
The Dalat Palace was built in Dalat, Vietnam. Restoration of the hotel began in 1991 under Larry Hillblom (d.1995), co-founder of DHL, an express-delivery company.
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1920 Dec 30
Ho Chi Minh helped found the Communist Party of France on December 30, 1920, while a student there. Known then as Nguyen Ai Quoc, Ho went on to Moscow in 1923 for training in revolutionary strategy by the Communist International. After several years in the Soviet Union and China, Ho returned to Vietnam to lead his nation's revolutionary movement.
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1922
Vo Van Kiet, Vietnamese prime minister, was born.
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1923 Apr 5
Nguyen Van Thieu, president of South Vietnam (1965-75), selected this date as his birth date on the grounds that it was luckier than his Nov 1924 birthday.
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1923
In Nha Trang a retreat was built for Bao Dai, the last Vietnamese king. It later became the Bao Dai Villas Hotel.
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1924 Nov
Nguyen Van Thieu (d.2001 at 78), head of South Vietnam (1965-1975), was born. He later picked Apr 5, 1923, as a luckier birthday.
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1925 Nov
Khai Dinh, emperor of Annam, died. Annam was a kingdom of what is now Vietnam that was incorporated into French Indochina. His son Vinh Thuy assumed the throne in January under the title Bao Dai
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1925
An unsuccessful student strike took place in Hanoi, Vietnam.
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1925
1945
Bao Dai (d. 1997) was emperor of the French protectorate of Annam, a narrow strip of central Vietnam.
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1926 Jan 8
Bao Dai began serving as king of Annam under French ‘protection’. During this period, Annam was a protectorate within French Indochina, covering the central two-thirds of the present-day Vietnam. His rule ended on Aug 25, 1945.
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1926
In Vietnam Ngo Van Chieu, a government official, founded Cao Dai, a religion that mixed elements of Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, Islam and other religions. It was repressed by the communists after 1975. By 2008 restrictions were eased.
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1931 Jun 17
British authorities in China arrested Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.
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1939 Feb 10
Japan occupied the Chinese island of Hainan located off the coast of French Indochina (modern day Vietnam).
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1939
Nguyen Ton Hoan (1917-2001) founded the Dai Viet (Greater Vietnam Party) and worked to establish a democratic Vietnam.
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1939
A Communist uprising took place and failed in French Indochina (Vietnam).
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1940 Sep 26
Japanese troops attacked French Indochina (Vietnam).
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