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1889
John Alexander MacWilliam, Scottish physiologist, discovered that he could restore heart rhythms in cats using a metronome and a needle electrode. His work went unrecognized until his paper on the subject resurfaced in 1972.
Links: Scotland, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1893 Jul 9
Daniel Hale Williams (1858-1931), an African-American surgeon, performed successful heart surgery on a teenager in Chicago.
Links: USA, Black History, Chicago, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1948
The US government launched a heart study in Framingham, Mass., amid an epidemic of heart disease, to compile reams of health data on a group of people in their 30s, 40s and 50s, and hope that over time links would emerge between their lifestyles and heart health. Discoveries by the long term study included: Cigarette smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol and diabetes raise the risk of heart disease, and physical exercise lowers the risk. In 2009 researchers reported that the data showed that loneliness spreads very much like a communicable disease.
Links: USA, Medical, Smoking, Psychology, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958 Oct 8
Dr. Ake Senning installed the 1st fully implantable pacemaker in Stockholm. Arne Larsson (43) received the pacemaker, which was built Dr. Rune Elmqvist. Larsson died in 2001 after receiving 26 different pacemakers.
Links: Sweden, Medical, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1958
Colombian Dr. Alberto Vejarano Laverde and engineer Jorge Reynolds Pombo developed the first artificial pacemaker with internal electrodes and external electronic unit and implanted it into Gerardo Florez (70), a priest from Ecuador, who then lived another 18 years.
Links: Colombia, Ecuador, Medical, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1959
Dr. Norman E. Shumway (1923-2006) and Dr. Richard Lower of Stanford Univ. made the 1st successful transplant of a dog’s heart.
Links: USA, California, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1967 Dec 6
Dr. Adrian Kantrowitz (1918-2008) performed the first US human heart transplant on a baby in Brooklyn, who died 6 hours later.
Links: USA, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Jan 6
Dr. Norman E. Shumway of Stanford performed the 1st US adult heart transplant. Mike Kasperak (54) lived for 2 weeks before he died of massive bleeding from other organs.
Links: USA, Medical, SF Bay Area, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1969 Apr 4
In Houston, Texas, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the 1st temporary artificial heart.
Links: USA, Medical, Texas, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1970
The first radioactive pacemaker was put into a patient in France.
Links: France, Medical, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1972
Dr. Robert C. Atkins (1930-2003), cardiologist, published his weight loss plan "Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution," which allowed patients to eat fat but restricted carbohydrates.
Links: USA, Food, Books, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1974
Cesare Sirtori, a Milan heart researcher, encountered a patient with a high cholesterol level. In 1979 Sirtori found that the patient carried a mutant gene, apolipoprotein A-1, a crucial component of HDL involved in clearing LDL from the body. This led to a new drug in 2003 that seemed to shrink arterial blockages.
Links: Italy, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1979 Jun 1
Werner Forssman (b.1904), German urologist, (Nobel 1956), died. He was the first to catheterize a human heart. In 1929, at the age of 25, while doing his surgical training at Eberswalde, a small town near Berlin, he introduced a urethral catheter into his own right atrium. Using a mirror he advanced the catheter under fluoroscopic control and then climbed the stairs to the x ray department where a chest film was taken.
Links: Germany, Nobel Prize, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1980 Feb
The first implantable cardioconverter defibrillator (ICD) was implanted at John Hopkins Hospital by Dr. Levi Watkins.
Links: USA, Maryland, Medical, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Dec 2
In the first operation of its kind, doctors at the University of Utah Medical Center implanted a permanent artificial heart developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik. Barney Clark, a retired dentist, lived 112 days with the Jarvic-7 heart, the first human to survive with a man-made heart.
Links: USA, Utah, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1983 Mar 23
Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.
Links: USA, Utah, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Feb 14
6-year-old Stormie Jones became the world's first heart-liver transplant recipient at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. She lived until November 1990.
Links: USA, Pennsylvania, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Jul 30
Holly Roffey (11 days old) received a heart transplant in England. She died on Aug 17.
Links: Britain, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Sep 5
Robert S. Laurent (1933-2004) received a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and was kept alive for 8 days by the electric heart assist pump until a new heart became available. Dr. Peer M. Portner (d.2009 at 69) of Stanford Univ. pioneered the device.
Links: USA, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1984 Oct 26
"Baby Fae," a newborn with a severe heart defect, was given the heart of a baboon in an experimental transplant in Loma Linda, Calif. Baby Fae lived 21 days with the animal heart.
Links: USA, California, Medical, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1985 Feb 17
Murray Haydon became the third person to receive an artificial heart.
Links: USA, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Feb 19
William Schroeder (d.1986) was the 1st artificial heart patient to leave hospital. He spent 15 minutes outside Humana Hospital in Louisville, Ky.
Links: USA, Medical, Kentucky, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Mar 8
Thomas Creighton (33) died at the Univ. of Arizona after having three heart transplants in a 46-hour period.
Links: USA, , Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Apr 6
William J. Schroeder became the first artificial heart recipient to be discharged from the hospital as he moved into an apartment in Louisville, Ky.
Links: USA, Kentucky, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985 Dec 19
In Minneapolis, Minnesota, Mary Lund became the first woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart. Lund received a human heart transplant 45 days later; she died October 14, 1986.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Women, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1985
Phil Sokolof founded the National Heart Savers Association. He went on to spend some $15 million to change American eating habits, encourage cholesterol testing and getting nutritional labels placed on everything edible.
Links: USA, Food, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1985
The Nurses Health Study showed that hormone use lowers heart-attack risk by 50%. In 1991 Women’s Health Initiative was launched to see if hormones protected women’s hearts. In 1998 a trial of women with heart disease showed a 50% higher heart risk among hormone users. In 2007 a WHI study showed that hormones do not raise heart risk for recently menopausal women.
Links: Women, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Jun 19
Artificial heart recipient Murray P. Haydon (59) died in Louisville, Ky., after 16 months on the man-made pump.
Links: USA, Medical, Kentucky, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986 Aug 6
William J. Schroeder died after living 620 days with the "Jarvik 7" artificial heart.
Links: USA, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986
Davina Thompson (d.1998) became the world's first known triple transplant patient when she received a new heart, lungs and liver.
Links: USA, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1987 May 11
In a medical first, doctors in Baltimore transplanted the heart and lungs of an auto accident victim to Clinton House who gave up his own heart to a 2nd recipient. House, the nation's first living heart donor, died 14 months later.
Links: USA, Maryland, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987
Dr. Lameh Fananapazir was hired by the National Institutes of Health [NIH] and expanded the agency’s research in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy [HCM], an inherited condition that thickens the heart and can cause sudden death. In 1993 he received approval to begin putting pacemakers into children and claimed results that indicated a reversal of the disease. His work has become very controversial.
Links: USA, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1990 Nov 11
Stormie Jones, the world’s first heart-liver transplant recipient, died at a Pittsburgh hospital at age 13.
Links: USA, Pennsylvania, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Dec
In Menlo Park, Ca., Ernesto Anguiano, 23, cut open the chest of his 3-year old cousin and tore the boy’s heart out. He then attempted to burn the body in a fireplace and attempted to murder the 50-year-old mother when she found him and tried to stop him. Anguiano later testified that he thought the young boy was "becoming evil."
Links: USA, California, Mad Man, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994
At the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota the 1st successful heart-lung transplant was performed.
Links: USA, Minnesota, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
1995 Nov 28
James Brady, former white house press secretary, suffered a heart attack.
Links: USA, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995
Cardiologist Bernardo Nadal-Ginard was convicted in Massachusetts of embezzling from the Boston Children’s Heart Foundation charity.
Links: Massachusetts, Robbery, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jan 23
Sandra Jensen became the first person with Down syndrome to receive a new heart and Lungs. The surgery was done at Stanford Univ.
Links: USA, California, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Nov 30
It was reported that in the Tororo district of southeastern Uganda, Okecho killed a male baboon for damaging his maize and banana plantations. Some 30 baboons mourned the death of their comrade and carried him off. The baboons later returned and killed Okecho and pulled out his heart.
Links: Uganda, Heart, Primates     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Apr 24
In Japan the lower house of parliament voted to make heart transplants possible by recognizing the concept of brain death.
Links: Japan, Medical, Brain, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Jun 17
In Japan lawmakers rewrote the definition of death to allow life-saving transplants of body parts. Brain death rather than heart death would be the new criteria and would take effect in 3 months.
Links: Japan, Brain, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jul 8
The Mayo Clinic and the government warned the diet-drug combination known as "fen-phen" could cause serious heart and lung damage. The drugs were withdrawn in September. In 2000 a federal judge approved a $3.75 billion national settlement of health claims due to use of the drugs.
Links: USA, Medical, Pharma, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Sep 15
Two of the nation's most popular diet drugs -- dexfenfluramine and fenfluramine -- were pulled off the market because of new evidence they could seriously damage patients' hearts.
Links: USA, Pharma, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Oct 12
In Jerusalem an Arab toddler received the heart of a Jewish boy killed in an bicycle-auto accident.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Feb 24
It was reported that German researchers used human fibroblast growth factor, FGF-1, to grow new blood vessels around clogged coronary arteries.
Links: Germany, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
We offer additional services to help you as well including tax attorney help with tax relief issues, auto accident attorney services, and sustainable development information to research going green!
1998
Michael Connelly authored his novel “Blood Work,” the tale of a retired FBI agent who investigates the death of a young woman whose heart he received in surgery. In 2002 the book was turned into a film directed by Clint Eastwood. Terrell Hansen (d.2007), a heart transplant recipient and friend of Connelly, inspired the story.
Links: USA, Writer, Film, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Jul 2
In Louisville, Ky., the 1st self-contained artificial heart, AbioCor, made by Abiomed was implanted at Jewish Hospital to Robert L. Tools (59). Tools lived 151 days with the device and died Nov 30.
Links: Medical, Kentucky, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Aug 21
Robert Tools, the first person to receive a self-contained artificial heart (Jul 2), was introduced to the public at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., through a video link from his doctor's office. Tools survived with the device for 151 days, and died Nov. 30, 2001, of other health problems.
Links: Kentucky, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Sep 2
Dr. Christiaan Barnard (b.1922), South African cardiologist, died in Paphos, Cyprus. He performed the world’s 1st human heart transplant in 1967, authored a distinguished text on cardiology, a scandalous autobiography and 4 minor novels.
Links: Cyprus, South Africa, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001 Nov 24
Mathew Hardman (17) killed widow Mabel Leyshon (90) at her home in the north Wales town of Llanfairpwll. Prosecutors later said he wanted to be a vampire. In 2002 Hardman was convicted of fatally stabbing Leyshon, cutting out her heart and drinking her blood.
Links: Wales, Murder, Mad Man, Heart, Vampire     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2001 Nov 30
Robert Tools, the first person in the world to receive a fully self-contained artificial heart, died in Louisville, Ky., of complications after severe abdominal bleeding; he had lived with the device for 151 days.
Links: Kentucky, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2001
Northfield Laboratories quietly shut down the trial of a blood substitute called PolyHeme, begun in 1999, after 10 of 81 patients, who received the fake blood, suffered a heart attack within 7 days. 2 of the heart attack patients died.
Links: USA, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Aug 4
It was reported that low-grade inflammation is worse for human health than high cholesterol levels. Increases of C-reactive protein from the inflammation could trigger the release of lumps of plaque and cause arterial clots leading to heart attacks. Associated factors included high blood pressure, smoking and chronic gum disease.
Links: Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Nov 8
The California State Medical Board moved to suspend the licenses of Dr. Chae Hyun Moon and Dr. Fidel Realyvasquez of Redding Medical Center for performing needless heart surgeries from 1992-2002. In 2003 Tenet Healthcare, owner of RMC, paid $54 million to settle federal charges related to the allegations. In 2004 Tenet agreed to pay an additional $395 million to settle cases with over 769 heart patients. In 2007 Stephen Klaidman authored “Coronary: A True Story of Medicine Gone Awry.”
Links: USA, California, Medical, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2002 Nov 14
The New England Journal of Medicine reported a study that found C-reactive protein (CRP) to be a major trigger of heart attacks.
Links: Medical, Health, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
2003 Feb 7
Tom Christerson (71), the longest-living recipient of a fully self-contained artificial heart, died at Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Ky., after 512 days on the AbioCor.
Links: Medical, Kentucky, BioTech, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Feb 20
A 17-year-old Mexican girl mistakenly given a heart and lungs with the wrong blood type received a second set of organs at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina; however, Jesica Santillan suffered brain damage and died Feb 22.
Links: Mexico, Medical, North Carolina, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Feb 22
Jesica Santillan, the teenager who'd survived a botched heart-lung transplant long enough to get a second set of donated organs, died two days after the second transplant at Duke University Medical Center in North Carolina.
Links: Mexico, Medical, North Carolina, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Feb 28
The FDA announced that every bottle of ephedra would soon bear stern warnings that the popular herb could cause heart attacks or strokes, even kill.
Links: USA, Food, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Nov 27
Researchers in Cleveland reported on a gene that causes heart attacks.
Links: Ohio, Medical, DNA, Heart     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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