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Atrocities

1870 Jan 23
American army forces, looking for Mountain Chief's band of hostile Blackfoot Indians, fell instead upon Heavy Runner's peaceable Piegan band in Montana and killed 173, many of them women and children.
Links: USA, Montana, AmerIndian, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1871 Apr 30
Anglo and Mexican vigilantes killed 118 Apaches at Camp Grant, Arizona, and kidnapped 28 children.
Links: USA, Arizona, AmerIndian, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1947 Feb 28
There was an anti-Kuomintang demonstration on Taiwan. As many as 20,000 civilians were massacred by the Kuomintang (KMT). A riot was sparked by the arrest of a woman selling contraband cigarettes in Taipei. Crowds attacked the Nationalist Party institutions as Nationalist troops and secret police struck back over the ensuing months. In 1996 a 69 cent postage stamp was planned in commemoration of the “228 Incident.” In 2006 a team from UC Berkeley won a design competition for a 15-acre “228 National Memorial Park.”
Links: China, Taiwan, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1968 Mar 16
In Vietnam Lt. Calley led 105 men of Company C into My Lai and at least 347 of 700 Vietnamese civilians were killed. Estimates of villagers massacred ranged from 347-504. Other killings by B company occurred nearby. Col. Oran K. Henderson (d.1998 at 77) was on his first day as commanding officer of the new 11th Infantry Brigade and watched from a com-mand helicopter. Hugh Thompson (d.2006), a helicopter pilot, observed the end of the massacre. He landed between some remaining villagers and his fellow soldiers and ordered his gunner to fire on American troops if necessary. With 2 other gunships he airlifted to safety a dozen villagers. He and his gunner were awarded the Soldier's Medal in 1998. The atrocity was exposed by Ron Ridenhour (d.1998 at 52), a door gunner on an observation helicopter, who flew over the village a few days after the event. He waited several months until he was out of the service before reporting the event to state and congressional officials. The Army later charged 25 officers and enlisted men in the massacre but only Lt. Calley was convicted. Gen. Samuel W. Koster (d.2006) was charged with covering up the killings, but criminal charges were eventually dismissed. Koster was censured, stripped of a medal and demoted one rank to brigadier general. John Sack (d.2004), war correspondent, later authored "Lieutenant Calley: His Own Story." In 1999 Trent Angers authored "The Forgotten Hero of My Lai: The Hugh Thompson Story."
Links: USA, Vietnam, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982 Sep 16
1982 Sep 18
The massacre of some 1,500 Palestinian men, women and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla (Shatilla) refugee camps. Elie Hobeika (d.2002), Christian militia chieftain, led the massacre of Palestinian refugees in the camps. Israel’s defense minister, Ariel Sharon, was held responsible and lost his top post. The massacre triggered peace rallies in Israel with some 400,000 demonstrating in Tel Aviv. In 2001 survivors lodged a complaint in Belgium against Sharon.
Links: Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1982 Oct 13
Guatemala’s army surrounded the mountain village of Santa Anita Las Canoas. 24 men were taken inside a church, where they were chained, tied with ropes and tortured all the night, their screams heard throughout the village. The following morning, 6 men were taken from the group, tied to the barbwire fence of the church and executed in front of the community.
Links: Guatemala, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1982
1987
The Matabeleland atrocities occurred when the Zimbabwe government of Robert Mugabe sent in its North Korean trained Fifth Brigade to terrorize the Ndebele-speaking region of Matabeleland, that supported opponent Joshua Nkomo. Some 200 guerrillas of the minority Ndebele tribe in Matabeleland province, fought troops of Pres. Mugabe and as many as 20,000 civilians were killed. The terror ended in 1987 when Nkomo reconciled with Mugabe. In 1999 Mugabe ordered provincial officials to prepare compensation claims for the victims of army atrocities.
Links: Zimbabwe, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1986
In South Africa 10 youths were drugged and then blown to pieces with explosives. In 1999 Abraham Joubert, former special forces commander, testified that he authorized a plan for the slayings submitted by provincial special forces commander Charl Naude.
Links: South Africa, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1987 Aug 16
Iraqi warplanes bombarded the northern Kurdish village of Balisan, dropping bombs that spread a smoke smelling "like rotten apples.” Helicopters then came and bombed the mountains to prevent the villagers from taking refuge anywhere.
Links: Iraq, Kurds, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1991
In Mahaweel, Iraq, every day for three weeks, Iraqi soldiers brought truckloads of rebellious Shiite Muslims to a lonely cornfield near the ruins of Babylon. The victims were shoved into shallow pits and shot. Bulldozers pushed the earth over them, burying some alive. In 2003 a mass grave yielded more than 3,100 bodies. Local Iraqis said as many as 12,000 other bodies from the same massacre might be buried in the area.
Links: Iraq, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1994 Apr 8
In Rwanda Jean Kambanda was appointed prime minister of the interim government. He went on radio and urged fellow Hutus to abuse, hurt and kill Tutsis and Hutu moderates. He pleaded guilty in 1998 to charges that he incited the slaughter of over 800,000 Rwandans.
Links: Rwanda, Radio, Mad Crowd, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 9
In Kigali, Rwanda, a crowd of neighbors tossed grenades and poured gasoline on the home of the home of Thetime Nkaka and his pregnant wife Jeanette Mukantwali (23). Matata Godefroid, a Hutu soldier, was later identified as the ringleader. He was sentenced to life in prison in Jan 23, 2001.
Links: Rwanda, Mad Crowd, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 16
1994 Apr 17
In Rwanda at least 4,500 Tutsi, including women and children, were slaughtered in the Kibuye Stadium. About 12,000 Tutsi were murdered at Kibuye’s church, in the stadium, and in the surrounding countryside.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1994 Apr 22
In Robateau, Haiti, a shantytown of Gonaives city, soldiers and paramilitary burst into dozens of homes and beat and killed a number of people. In 2000 16 ex-soldiers and cohorts were found guilty of the massacre. Another 38 people, charged with masterminding the killings and all living in exile, were scheduled for a later trial. Another 37 defendants were tried in absentia and sentenced to life in prison. Louis-Jodel Chamblain was among those convicted in absentia for his role in the murders.
Links: Haiti, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1995 Mar 20
A gas attack by the Aum Shinri Kyo cult on Tokyo's subways killed 12 people. More than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the poisonous gas sarin leaked on five separate subway trains. Masato Yokoyama, a cult leader, was sentenced to death in 1999. In 2000 Robert Jay Lifton authored "Destroying the World To Save It: Aum Shinrikyo, Apocalyptic Violence, and the New Global Terrorism." In 2001 Haruki Murakami's "Underground: The Tokyo Gas Attack and the Japanese Psyche" was published in English. In 2004 Shoko Asahara was convicted and sentenced to hang for masterminding the deadly nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subway and other crimes that killed 27 people.
Links: Japan, Mad Man, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1996 Jul 21
In Burundi Hutu rebels killed 320 Tutsis, mostly women and children, at a refugee camp 45 miles north of the capital.
Links: Burundi, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Jul 27
In Burundi a Tutsi-led army killed at least 30 Hutu rebels in retaliation for an attack on a coffee plantation. Independent sources said that Hutus set fire to the factory and rice plantation in Giheta to justify a retaliatory attack on villages where Hutu rebels were thought to have taken refugees. Villagers said Tutsi soldiers massacred about 1,000 Hutus as they roamed from village to village in Gitega province.
Links: Burundi, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Aug 17
In Algeria more than 100 militants shot, stabbed and hacked to death some 63 people when they attacked 2 busses after setting a fake barricade. The government denied the report.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Sep 27
Rwandan Pastor Elizaphan Ntakirutimana (73) was charged with ordering the slaughter of hundreds of Tutsis in Kibuye in 1994. It was charged that he had arranged that they seek refuge in his Seventh Day Adventist Church, whereupon he called in Hutus to kill them.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Nov 13
In Algeria militants slit the throats of 12 people outside Blida, 30 miles south of Algiers. Ten of the victims were of the same family.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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1996 Nov 14
In Algeria militants slit the throats of 18 more people. 11 in Ain-Dema and 7 in Douar Zemala.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1996 Dec 6
In Algeria in the last 2 days 29 civilians have had their throats slit by rebels.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Apr 21
In Algeria rebels butchered 93 people including 43 women and girls in the Baouch Boukhelef-Khemisti farming community.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Jun 29
In Iraq in the Asian Group 9 World Cup soccer qualifying competition the Iraqi team was beaten a 2nd time by Kazakstan. This inflamed Odai Hussein, son of Saddam and head of the Iraqi soccer federation. He had the team imprisoned and tortured. It was also reported that Odai had killed woman after an abortive attempt at having sex.
Links: Kazakhstan, Iraq, Soccer, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Aug 13
A NYC police officer of the 70th precinct in Flatbush was arrested for sexually assaulting a Haitian immigrant who was arrested in a nightclub fight. Officer Justin Volpe sodomized Abner Louima with a toilet plunger and then forced the handle into Louima’s mouth. Volpe’s partner, Thomas Bruder, was ordered off active duty and Mayor Giuliani ordered a shakeup and investigation. Officer Charles Schwartz was later arrested for his participation. Two more officers, Thomas Wiese and Thomas Bruder, were later arrested for beating Louima after his arrest. In 1998 federal civil rights charges were filed against the involved officers. Officer Volpe was jailed in 1999 after he pleaded guilty that he had sodomized Abner Louima. In 1999 Officer Schwarz was found guilty of holding Louima down. Officers Bruder, Wiese and Bellomo were acquitted. In 2000 officers Bruder, Schwartz and Wiese were convicted of covering up the assault on Louima. Schwartz was sentenced to 15 years and 8 months in prison and ordered to pay $277,495 in restitution. Bruder and Wiese were sentenced to 5 years each. In 2002 a federal appeals court overturned the convictions against Schwarz, Wiese and Bruder.
Links: NYC, Mad Police, Atrocities, Migrant     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Sep 27
In Algeria witnesses said armed men killed 11 female teachers at Ain Adden School in Sfisef while shouting "Blood, blood, blood, destruction, destruction, destruction," the rallying cry of the Armed Islamic Group.
Links: Algeria, Islam, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Oct 3
In Algeria armed men killed 38 people at the village of Mahelma. Throat of the victims were slit, heads were cut off and houses were set on fire. In Blida 10 people were killed and 20 wounded by assailants with homemade rockets and bombs. Another group of attackers killed 75 others including 34 children. In the village of Ouled Benaissa armed men killed 37 people including 22 children.
Links: Algeria, Mayhem, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Oct 5
In Algeria armed men attacked a school bus near Blida. The driver attempted to run their roadblock but crashed and 16 children were killed by the attackers.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Nov 27
In Denver five skinheads beat up a 26-year-old black woman who was shopping at a 7-Eleven. All 5 were captured and arraigned in court.
Links: Colorado, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 10
In Rwanda Hutu guerrillas, known as Interhamwe, attacked the Mudende Tutsi refugee camp and killed at least 231 [327] people and wounded over 200 others just hours before the arrival of US Sec. of State Madeleine Albright, who came to promote peace.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1997 Dec 22
In Algeria attackers stormed Shari hamlet and killed 28 villagers including 15 children and 5 women. The same night 53 villagers, mostly women and children, died in a massacre in the neighboring Sidi el Antar hamlet. Another 11 had their throats cut in Algiers in the Bainem area.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 22
In Mexico some 70 pro-government gunmen of the Peace and Justice paramilitary group killed 45 people, including 21 women 9 men and 15 children, in the Tzoztzil Indian village of Acteal. Opposition groups called for the resignation of Gov. Julio Cesar Ruiz Ferro, who had repeatedly denied the existence of paramilitary groups in the state. In 1998 12 officials of the state attorney general’s office were arrested for failing to stop the massacre. The government paid compensation to families of the victims and to the wounded. In 1999 20 government supporters were sentenced to 35 years in prison and 81 people were still scheduled for trial. In Dec 2007 authorities re-arrested Antonio Santiz, the alleged mastermind of the massacre. Santiz had been arrested for his alleged involvement in 2000, but a judge threw out the charges in 2001, ruling there wasn't enough evidence. In 2008 a Mexican judge sentenced brothers Antonio and Mariano Pucuj to 26 years in prison for their participation in the massacre. In August, 2009, Mexico's Supreme Court ordered freedom for 20 men convicted in the Acteal massacre and new trials for six more, ruling that prosecutors used illegally obtained evidence. In November, 2009, the Supreme Court ordered the release of nine more people convicted in massacre, ruling their convictions were based on illegally obtained evidence. New trials were ordered for 16 others.
Links: Mexico, Atrocities, Mass murder     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 29
In Algeria armed attackers stopped a bus and killed 14 passengers and the driver near Mascara. The bodies were then doused in gasoline and set on fire.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1997 Dec 30
In Algeria marauders slit the throats of 34 people in Ain Boucif. Later reports raised the number killed near the city of Relizane to over 400 for this first day of Ramadan.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 7
In Afghanistan it was reported that some 600 civilians were dragged from their homes and shot by the Taliban army in the northwest, prompting thousands to flee the area. Most of the victims were said to be Uzbeks.
Links: Uzbekistan, Afghan, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1998 Jan 13
From Rwanda The government reported that 9 Roman Catholic nuns were killed last week by Hutu rebels near the Congo border.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jan 30
In Colombia paramilitary gunmen descended on the city of Puerto Asis and proceeded to kill 48 civilians thought to be guerrilla sympathizers. Mayor Nestor Hernandez warned army commanders at a local garrison but received no assistance.
Links: Colombia, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Feb 6
In Rwanda Hutu rebels hacked to death 48 civilians in the village of Biyahe in the Gisenyi region.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Feb 15
Armed men killed 32 people in 3 weekend attacks. 17 people had their throats slit in Saida, Algeria.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jun 7
James Byrd Junior, a 49-year-old black man, was chained to a pickup truck and dragged to his death in Jasper, Texas. Three white men were arrested; 2 of the men were sentenced to death and the 3rd received life in prison. [see Jun 9]
Links: Texas, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
Timelines
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1998 Jun 9
Three white men, Shawn Allen Berry (23), Lawrence Russell Brewer (31) and John William King (23), were charged for the Jun 7 murder of James Byrd Jr. King was convicted of murder Feb 23, 1999, and was sentenced to death. Brewer was found guilty of capital murder on Sep 20, 1999 and was sentenced to death Sep 23. Berry was sentenced to life in prison.
Links: Murder, Texas, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Jul 12
In Rwanda Hutu rebels hacked, shot or burned to death 34 people who had gathered in a hotel to watch the soccer finals.
Links: Rwanda, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Sep 17
In Ensenada, Mexico, 20 people were shot and 19 were killed by gunmen. The victims included 8 children. Fermin Castro (38), aka "The Ice Man," was the principal target and leader of one of 6 gangs linked to the Arellano Felix drug cartel. Castro, a native Pai Pai Indian, was tortured before being shot and was in a coma. In Dec. Tijuana police arrested Hector Flores Esquivias and Cruz Medina Perez, the wife of gang leader Marinez Gonzalez. In 2008 US immigration officials in Los Angeles arrested Jesus Ruben Moncada (33), believed to be one of the Ensenada gunmen, and turned him over to Mexican authorities.
Links: USA, Mexico, Drugs, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1998 Dec 29
In Nevada 31 wild horses were found shot to death by rifle fire at close range at Devil's Flat near Washoe Valley.
Links: Nevada, Horse, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Jun 27
In Kosovo ethnic Albanians burned and looted the village of Belo Polje. KLA men raped and killed a mentally ill Serbian woman.
Links: Albania, Serbia, Kosovo, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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1999 Oct
In Nigeria hundreds of civilians were killed by soldiers in Benue. In 2002 Pres. Obasanjo acknowledged that he ordered the military operations.
Links: Nigeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
1999 Dec 11
In Algeria 15 people were massacred outside Blida. Many of the victims were burned alive in a van.
Links: Algeria, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2000 Mar 26
In Chechnya Russian Col. Yuri Budanov and 3 soldiers seized Elza (Heda) Kungayeva (18) and strangled her to death following a pummeling and sexual assault. She was believed to be a rebel sniper. In 2001 Budanov faced a trial and in 2002 he was ruled temporarily insane. In 2009 Budanov was freed with more than a year left on his murder sentence.
Links: Russia, Chechnya, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2003 Mar
In the CAR Gen. Francois Bozize took power in a 2nd coup following 5 months of conflict during which Pres. Patasse had enlisted support of rebel troops from the Congo, led by Jean-Pierre Bemba, along with mercenaries from Chad and Libya. Sexual violence during this period was particularly brutal.
Links: Chad, Libya, CongoDRC, CAR, Atrocities, Rape     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Aug 20
In Haiti black-uniformed riot police ordered all participants to lie down and allowed hooded attackers to hack to death as many as 20 people during a soccer tournament in the slum of Martissant.
Links: Haiti, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
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2005 Oct 9
A Rwandan militia killed 15 civilians with machetes and knives in a nighttime raid on two villages in Congo's mountainous east.
Links: Rwanda, CongoDRC, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2005 Oct 18
In northeastern India machete-wielding attackers ambushed a bus and tribal militants set fire to two villages of a rival group, killing 37 people.
Links: India, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2006 Aug 2
A Pentagon official said evidence collected on the deaths of 24 Iraqis in Haditha supports accusations that US Marines deliberately shot the civilians, including unarmed women and children on Nov 19, 2005.
Links: Iraq, USA, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 
2009 May 16
In Hong Kong two bottles of acid were thrown into a crowd in a popular downtown shopping district. 30 people suffered burns but none was seriously injured. On the same street in December, 46 people suffered burns when two plastic bottles filled with acid were thrown at pedestrians.
Links: Hong Kong, Atrocities     Click to see the source(s) for this event 
 



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