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200
700
Era of the kingdom of Funan at Angkor Borei (Cambodia). In 1997 excavations were proceeding on what might have been the capital.
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611
At Angkor Borei (Cambodia) the earliest known Khmer inscriptions date to this time.
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800
900
The first Khmer or king, know as Kambu, founded Kambujadesa, which means the Sons of Kambu or Kambuja for short. Construction of the city and temple complex known as Angkor Wat was begun. It would be the largest temple in the world.
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802
Jayavarman II proclaimed himself a "universal monarch" in a ritual that united religion and politics (Cambodia) and gave rise to the cult of the Devaraja (deified king).
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889
1324
The Khmer EmpireĎs dominions roughly correspond to present-day Laos and Cambodia, and reached its height during the Angkor period (889-1434 AD). The kingdom flourished from the 6th to 15th centuries AD and then declined with invasions from neighboring Thailand.
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1000
1400
Angkor Thom, capital of the Khmer empire, reached its apogee during this period. It included the religious monument of Angkor Wat.
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1100
1200
The Khmer empire reached its peak under King Jajavarman II in the 12th century.
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1150
Suryavarman II, Khmer ruler (Cambodia), died about this time. He commissioned the building of Angkor Wat, possibly the largest religious monument in the world. He traded elephant tusks, rhinoceros horns and kingfisher feathers for gold. The feathers were prized in China for bridal attire.
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1186
The temple monastery of Ta Prohm at Angkor (Cambodia) was consecrated. Inscriptions say that 79,365 servants were required to for its upkeep. It was paid by funds from over 3,000 villages.
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1191
Preah Khan (Cambodia) was dedicated on what is thought to be the site where the Khmer defeated their eastern neighbors the Cham. The central temple was dedicated by Jayavarman VII to his father, King Dharanindravavarman II, in the name of Lokesvara, a god who embodies the compassionate qualities of the Buddha. The temple covers 140 acres.
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1415
1439
The city of Angkor Wat (Cambodia) went into rapid decline as a period of severe drought extended over South East Asia.
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1431
Thai armies invaded and plundered the Khmer civilization at Angkor Thom (Cambodia). The court moved south of the great lake Tonle Sap and later to Phnom Penh.
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1596
The first documented official contact between the Cambogee and the West took place. The king of Angkor, Barom Reachea, in fear of attack sent to the Spanish governor general at Manila a request for the assistance of his musket-armed soldiers. The Spanish governor complied and sent a small expedition to the king of Angkor (Cambodia).
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1598
The Spanish governor of Manila sent a 2nd small expedition to the king of Angkor in what is now Cambodia.
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1598
A party of Iberian conquistadors overthrew the Cambodian king and set themselves up as governors in the Mekong delta.
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1614
Portuguese writer Diego do Couto wrote of a king in Cambodia who discovered an abandoned city during an elephant hunt in the middle of the 16th century. The report did not get published until 1958.
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1641
Gerritt van Wuysthoff, a Dutchman, struggled up the Mekong River through Cambodia and reached Vientiane, Laos.
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1863 Jul
The European public first learned of Angkor (Cambodia) from the posthumously published journal of French naturalist Henri Mouhot.
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1866
French colonial officials sent an expedition to explore the Mekong River (Cambodia) and check its commercial potential.
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1872
Frank Vincent Jr., an American adventurer, journeyed from Bangkok to Angkor Wat (Cambodia). The 175 mile trip took 17 days to traverse.
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1893
French colonialists seized control of Laos and tried to turn the Mekong River into a thoroughfare linking their Indochina colonies.
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1907
Explorations under Louis Deleporte and the French School of the Far East began at the ancient city of Angkor. Found artifacts were shared between France and Cambodia.
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1908
In Cambodia the seaside town of Kep (Kep-sure-Mer) was founded during the French colonial era. It was all but destroyed during the civil strife of the 1970s.
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1918
The French established the National Museum of Cambodia in Phnom Penh to house the findings from their explorations.
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1922 Oct 31
Norodom Sihanouk (d.2012), 2-time king (1941-1955 and 1993-2004), president and premier of Cambodia, was born.
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1923
Andre Malraux was arrested, while doing archeological research in Cambodia, for dislodging 7 heads from a temple with a handsaw, a chisel and crowbar.
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1925 May 19
Pol Pot (d.1998), Cambodian dictator and mass murderer, was born in Prek Sbauv, Cambodia.
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1941
The French colonialists chose Norodom Sihanouk (19) from the ranks of royalty to serve as king of Cambodia.
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1945
At the end of World War II Thailand was compelled to return territory it had seized from Laos, Cambodia and Malaya. The exiled King Ananda returned.
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1949
52
Saloth Sar (aka Pol Pot of Cambodia) went to Paris on a government scholarship and became absorbed in Communist ideology.
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1950 May 21
Vietnamese troops of Ho Chi-Minh attacked Cambodia.
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1950 Dec 30
Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia became independent states in a French Union.
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1952
Hun Sen, later Cambodia prime minister, was born in a village northeast of Phnom Penh.
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1953
King Norodom Sihanouk gained independence for Cambodia from France. Pol Pot helped set up the Communist Party.
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1954 Sep 8
SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), a sister organization to NATO, was created under the Manila Pact by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, to stop communist spread in Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos). The United States, Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, the Philippines, Pakistan, and Thailand signed the mutual defense treaty. SEATO dissolved in 1977.
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1955 Mar 2
King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia put his father on the throne and assumed the position of prime minister.
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1960 Dec 9
The Laos government fled to Cambodia as the capital city of Vientiane was engulfed in war.
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1960
63
Prince Norodom Sihanouk repressed the Communist party and Pol Pot, general secretary of the CP, and other leaders fled to the jungle.
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1962
The Intíl. Court of Justice awarded the Preah Vihear temple, located on the Cambodia-Thai border, to Cambodia, but did not specify where the border should be drawn.
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1963 Aug 27
Cambodia severed ties with South Vietnam.
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1964 Mar 15
Cambodia was receiving military aid from Communist China.
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1966 Jan 3
Cambodia warned the UN of retaliation unless the U.S. and South Vietnam end intrusions.
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1967 Feb 23
American troops began the largest offensive of the war, near the Cambodian border. In order to deny the Vietcong cover, and allow men to see through the dense vegetation, herbicides were dumped on the forests near the South Vietnamese borders as well as Cambodia and Laos.
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1967 May 10
The Stockholm Vietnam Tribunal condemned US aggression in Vietnam and Cambodia.
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1967 Nov 24
Cambodian triple agent Inchin Lam was murdered. Special Forces Captain John J. McCarthy was accused and later tried for the murder in a court in Vietnam. Murder charges were later dropped.
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1967
68
The Khmer Rouge took up arms in support of a peasant uprising in northwest Cambodia against a government rice tax. The army ruthlessly suppressed the insurrection.
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1968 Jan 19
Cambodia charged that the United States and South Vietnam had crossed the border and killed three Cambodians.
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1968 Jan 29
A court convened in Vietnam for the murder of Cambodian, triple agent Inchin Lam, by Special Forces Captain John J. McCarthy Jr. Murder charges were later dropped due to exculpatory evidence and proven prosecutorial fraud on the court. A civil action for $1.3 bil-lion in US Federal District Court, Washington D.C. against the CIA and associated agencies was dismissed in 2003.
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1968 Oct 4
Cambodia admitted that the Viet Cong used their country for sanctuary.
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1968
Asiaís first intíl. film festival was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
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1969 Feb 23
Pres. Nixon approved the bombing of Cambodia.
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1969 Apr 24
President Nixon ordered US and South Vietnamese troops to secretly invade the ďParrotís BeakĒ region of Cambodia, thought to be a Viet Cong stronghold.
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1969 Apr 28
The US invasion of Cambodia took place. Congress and the press learned of the invasion on April 30.
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1969 Oct 6
Special Forces Captain John McCarthy was released from Fort Leavenworth Penitentiary, pending consideration of his appeal to murder charges. A 1968 court-martial had concluded that McCarthy had murdered a Cambodian peasant.
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1969
1973
The US Air Force dropped 539,129 tons of bombs on Cambodia and killed some 700,000 people. The bombing drove rural people into the cities and caused a collapse of the agricultural system that contributed to the rise of the Khmer Rouge and a famine that was later blamed on the Khmer Rouge.
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1970 Mar 13
Cambodia ordered Hanoi and Viet Cong troops to get out.
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1970 Mar 18
Prince Sihanouk was overthrown by Geníl. Lon Nol in a right-wing coup. He joined the Khmer Rouge in a resistance war. The US and Vietnamese forces invaded and drove the Viet Cong from border sanctuaries deep into Cambodia where they joined with the weak and isolated Khmer Rouge. A full scale civil war began. The next 8 years are covered in the 1988 book "Goodnight Cambodia, Forbidden History" by Vibol Ouk, who lived through the horrors of Pol Pot.
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1970 Apr 29
50,000 US and South Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia [see Apr 30].
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1970 Apr 30
President Nixon announced to a national TV audience that the United States was sending troops into Cambodia "to win the just peace that we desire." The action that sparked widespread protest. U.S. troops invaded Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas and to attack Communist border sanctuaries. Calling the joint U.S.-South Vietnamese operation "indispensable," some 32,000 American and 48,000 South Vietnamese troops captured large caches of supplies, but most Communist forces had already been withdrawn. A storm of protest against expansion of the war swept the United States and four days later four student protesters at Ohio's Kent State University were shot dead by National Guardsmen.
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1970 May 1
Students at Kent State University rioted in downtown Kent, Ohio, in protest of the American invasion of Cambodia. Campus protests broke out across the nation.
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